Chichen Itza
Gebel Berkal

World Heritage Site

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Language isolate

WHS associated with a language isolate: a language isolate is a language who cannot be shown to belong to any language family. Unattested languages such as Harappan are excluded.

The connection belongs to Human Activity connections.

Connected Sites

  • Ahwar of Southern Iraq: Sumerian (Ur)
  • Biblical Tells: Sumerian dictionary has been uncovered in Tel Hazor and Sumerian is an isolate
  • Chan Chan: Mochica (sometimes connected to some poorly attested extinct languages to form Chimuan) Link
  • Etruscan Necropolises: Etruscan Link
  • Hattusha: While Hittite is an Indo-European language, Hattic of the Hatti people who first built Hattusa is an isolate (sometimes connected to Northwest Caucasian) Link
  • Jesuit Missions of the Chiquitos: Chiquitano Link
  • Meroe: Meroitic (debated if it's isolate or not, sometimes connected to Afro-Asiatic) Link
  • Redwood: Karuk (sometimes connected to many small language families of North and Mesoamerica to form the hypothetical Hokan family) Link
  • SGang Gwaay: Haida (isolate is controversial, sometimes connected to Na-Dene) Link
  • Shiretoko: Ainu - The Shiretoko peninsula, stretching out to the north-east of Hokkaido, the northernmost island in the Japanese archipelago, is the ancestral home of the Ainu people. Ainu has two dialects (Hokkaido and Sakhalin), which are sometimes considered separate languages.
  • Tchogha Zanbil: Elamite (sometimes connected to the Dravidian languages of south India) Link
  • Tiwanaku: It is assumed the language used by the Tiwanaku was Puquina, a language isolate that used to be spoken around Lake Titicaca.
  • Yuso and Suso Monasteries: Basque (Suso is the older of the two monasteries, and it is the site where phrases in the Spanish and Basque languages were written for the first time) (Basque is sometimes connected to Northeast Caucasian) Link


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  1. Not be "self evident"
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  5. Be explained, with reference to a source