Chichen Itza
Gebel Berkal

World Heritage Site

for World Heritage Travellers

Sacred Mountains

Sacred mountains are mountains sacred to certain religion. Almost all religions have some sacred mountains.

The connection belongs to Religion and Belief connections.

Connected Sites

  • Bahá’i Holy Places: Mount Carmel (North Slope included) Link
  • Central Highlands: Adam's Peak
  • Dengfeng: Mount Song
  • Fujisan
  • Garajonay: Sacred to the Guanche. At Alto Garajonay there are the remains of a Guanche sanctuary
  • Gebel Barkal: Jebel Barkal means 'holy mountain' in Arabic, it was believed to be the home of the god Amun (Sudan Bradt Guide)
  • Great Burkhan Khaldun Mountain
  • Gyeongju: "Mount Namsan, which had been venerated by the existing cults of Korea, became a Buddhist sacred mountain and attracted its adherents, who employed the most outstanding architects and craftsmen of the day to create temples, shrines, and monasteries." - AB Document
  • Hiraizumi: Mount Kinkeisan
  • Itsukushima Shrine: Mount Misen
  • Jeju: "Shamanism and the traditional belief system played an important role in the daily life of Jeju people and show a strong relationship with the natural environment. Cultural resources in Mt. Hallasan include altars and shrines such as Sancheondan, providing traces of religious activities native to Jeju Island. Mt. Hallasan is also known for folk tales, such as Hojongdan and Gwangyangdang, showing that Mt. Hallasan served as a spiritual pillar for Jeju residents." - Nomination File
  • Khangchendzonga National Park: sacred geography of the nominated property include: lakes, caves, sacred rocks, and sacred peaks (AB ev)
  • Kii Mountain Range: Koyasan for Japanese Buddhism and Shinto
  • Kinabalu Park: Mount Kinabalu, sacred to the Dusun
  • Laponian Area: Áhkká in the southwestern corner of Stora Sjöfallet National Park: in the Sámi tradition it is a holy mountain (wiki)
  • Machu Picchu: Huayna Picchu
  • Mont-Saint-Michel: Described as such by Unesco Link
  • Mount Athos
  • Mount Emei, including Leshan Giant Buddha: One of the Buddhist Four Sacred Mountains in China
  • Mount Kenya: It has been regarded as a sacred mountain by neighbouring Kikuyu and Meru people.
  • Mount Sanqingshan: Considered a Taoism Sacred Mountain (AB ev)
  • Mount Taishan: One of the Taoist Five Great Mountains
  • Mount Wutai: One of the Buddhist Four Sacred Mountains in China
  • Nikko
  • Old City of Jerusalem: Temple Mount
  • Pannonhalma: Sacred Mount of Pannonia
  • Petroglyphs of the Mongolian Altai: Shiviit Khairkhan - "The mountain is still considered sacred by local people." (AB ev)
  • Querétaro: Sangremal and which was called Ynlotepeque and considered sacred in pre-Hispanic times.
  • Sacri Monti of Piedmont and Lombardy: Christian
  • Seokguram Grotto and Bulguksa Temple: "Mount T'oham, the first to greet the sunrise in the capital of Shilla, was one of Shilla's five major mountains, even before Buddhism was introduced, and was revered as the spiritual mountain of the Shilla people." - AB document
  • Sintra: The sacred Mountains of Varro and Columela (AB ev)
  • Sulaiman-Too
  • Taputapuātea: Tea’etapu and ‘Ōrofātiu
  • Teide National Park: In the Guanche cosmography Teide represented the ultimate Sacred Mountain and was also a symbolic reference for the aborigines that lived on the other islands (nom file)
  • Tongariro National Park: Mounts Ruapehu, Ngaruhoe and Tongariro are sacred to the Maori
  • Tsodilo
  • Uluru
  • Vat Phou: Phou Kao mountain
  • Virgin Komi Forests: Yalping Nyer is sacred to the Mansi
  • Wudang Mountains: Taoist
  • Yakushima: Traditionally, the Island Mountains have been considered to have a spiritual value (Unesco website)


Do you know of another WHS we could connect to Sacred Mountains?

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A connection should:

  1. Not be "self evident"
  2. Link at least 3 different sites
  3. Not duplicate or merely subdivide the "Category" assignment already identified on this site.
  4. Add some knowledge or insight (whether significant or trivial!) about WHS for the users of this site
  5. Be explained, with reference to a source