Chichen Itza
Gebel Berkal

World Heritage Site

for World Heritage Travellers

Great Burkhan Khaldun Mountain

Great Burkhan Khaldun Mountain

The Great Burkhan Khaldun Mountain and its surrounding sacred landscape is associated with Genghis Khan and the Mongolian nation as described in 'The Secret History of the Mongols'.

It is considered the most sacred mountain in Mongolia, with a fusion of Buddhist and shamanic features.

Map of Great Burkhan Khaldun Mountain


  • Cultural

Share your experiences!

Have you been to Great Burkhan Khaldun Mountain? Add your own review!

Community Rating

Community Rating 1.50. Based on 1 votes.

Site Info

Full name: Great Burkhan Khaldun Mountain and its surrounding sacred landscape

Unesco ID: 1440

Inscribed: 2015

Type: Cultural

Criteria: 4   6  

Link: By Name By ID

Site History

  • 2015 - Advisory Body overruled ICOMOS advised referral
  • 2015 - Revision In final stage of nomination, locations were limited from 3 to 1 by State Party. Sacred Binder Mountain and Baldan Bereeven Monastery were omitted.
  • 2015 - Inscribed 


The site has 1 locations.

  • Great Burkhan Khaldun Mountain


The site has 15 connections.


  • Boreal Forest or Taiga: "where the vast Central Asian steppe meets the coniferous forests of the Siberian taiga"


  • Birthplaces: Genghis Khan was probably born in 1162 in Delüün Boldog, near Burkhan Khaldun mountain. The mountain is closely associated with him.
  • Fusion: fusion of ancient shamanic and Buddhist practices (AB ev)
  • Archaeological potential: Tomb of Genghis Khan Link

Individual People

  • Genghis Khan: Closely associated with his birth and burial place

Religion and Belief


  • Built in the 12th century: At the end of the 12th century Chinggis Khan formally established worship of the Burkhan Khaldun Mountain, along with other sacred mountains in his empire - AB ev


  • Discriminatory Entry Policies: During the course of these rituals, access to the Main Ovoo of the Heaven is allowed only to a few Governmental officials from the state and from local authorities, designated shamans and some Buddhist lamas (monks). (nom file) - other areas also may need advice beforehand, see link Link

WHS on Other Lists

  • Memory of the World: OUV related to The Secret History of the Mongols Link
  • Masterpieces of Oral and Intangible heritage: Mongolian traditional practices of worshipping the sacred sites (2017): "State’s support for initiatives to revive Mountain worship" and "Any activity on Burkhan Khaldun Mountain itself, other than worshipping rituals, is traditionally forbidden" (AB ev)

World Heritage Process

  • Reduced from broader TWHS: The TWHS also consisted of 2 other sacred locations, Sacred Binder Mountain & Baldan Bereeven Monastery, which were deleted from the nomination before ICOMOS ev
  • Cultural landscape not recognized: Specifically descr as a CL in AB eval! No type given - "Assoc" and "Continuing"?


5 community members have visited Great Burkhan Khaldun Mountain.