Chichen Itza
Gebel Berkal

World Heritage Site

for World Heritage Travellers

Natural sites with indigenous human population

Natural WHS where indigenous communities inhabit the core zone.

The connection belongs to Human Activity connections.

Connected Sites

  • Air and Téneré: The 3,500-7,000 Twareg inhabitants for the most part maintain a lifestyle of transhumant pastoralism, raising goats and camels (unesco website)
  • Atlantic Forest South-East: About 200 people live in the core zone most of whom are Guarani. Link
  • Banc d'Arguin: 1000 or so Imraguen people live in the park, subsisting by fishing.
  • Canaima National Park: Pemon Amerindians. "The Committee noted that a population of about 10,000 was resident in the savannah.....and have not been consulted regarding the nomination of the area" (Decision minutes)
  • Central Sikhote-Alin: Udege indigenous people in Bikin TTNU (AB) Link
  • Darien National Park: Choco and Kuna Indians still inhabit the park.
  • Discovery Coast: Pataxó
  • Dja Faunal Reserve: "Two small populations of Baka pygmies live within the Reserve in small encampments, maintaining an essentially traditional semi-nomadic lifestyle" Link
  • East Rennell: Approximately 800 people of Polynesian origin reside in four villages within the nominated area (AB ev)
  • El Pinacate: Tohono O'odham Link
  • Everglades: Some members of the Miccosukee and Seminole tribes continue to live within park boundaries.
  • Fanjingshan: Buddhist worship, along with spirit and totem worship by local ethnic minorities, is still very evident. (AB ev)
  • Golden Mountains of Altai: Altai: The area is sparsely populated with local populations of Russians and Altaisky, a Turkish speaking people, mainly involved in traditional pastoralism, low intensity agriculture, hunting and gathering. (nomination doc)
  • Great Barrier Reef: A number of the northern islands are still inhabited by Aboriginal communities -e.g Palm Island (and others)
  • Great Smoky Mountains: Cherokee "Many of the Cherokee left, but some, led by renegade warrior Tsali, hid out in the area that is now the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Some of their descendants now live in the Qualla Reservation south of the park." Wiki
  • Gunung Mulu: Penan Nomadic Tribes
  • Jiuzhaigou Valley: Jiuzhaigou (literally "Nine Village Valley") takes its name from the nine Tibetan villages along its length. Seven of them are still populated today by 130 Tibetan families.
  • Kakadu National Park: Australian Aborigines
  • Kenya Lake System: The Endorois people were forced by the Kenyan government to leave their traditional homeland around Lake Bogoria in the 1970s. See link for current state of their fight to gain recognition of their rights and criticism of UNESCO/WHC and IUCN for allowing the inscription  Link
  • Lake Baikal: The population of the island [Olkhon] is less than 1,500 and consists mostly of Buryats, the island's aboriginal people. (Wiki)
  • Lena Pillars: Evenk People "Traditional economic activity is led within the Park's area: licensed sable hunting, horse breeding in the Boutama River mouth, deer farming and haymaking. 884 thousand ha of land or about 60% of area of the Park are assigned to 6 Evenk ancestral farms." (nom file)
  • Lorentz National Park: The forests of Lorentz encompass the traditional lands of several ethnic groups, including the Asmat, Amungme, Dani, Sempan, and Nduga.
  • Manu National Park: Permanent human habitation is restricted to several small communities of the Matsigenga Amazonian tribal group, largely along the Manú river or one of its main tributaries.
  • Namib Sand Sea: Topnaars (Nama)
  • Noel Kempff Mercado National Park: Guarayu
  • Ogasawara Islands: includes villages of Bonin Islanders, a mixture of European and Pacific settlers who talk Bonin English, also called Ogasawara Mixed Language
  • Okapi Wildlife Reserve: "The reserve is inhabited by traditional nomadic pygmy Mbuti and Efe hunters"
  • Okavango Delta: San Link
  • Olympic National Park: Eight Olympic Peninsula tribes continue to recognize a relationship to the park based on traditional land use, origin, beliefs, mythology and spiritual beliefs and practices. These tribes are the Lower Elwha Klallam, Jamestown S'Klallam, Port Gamble S'Klallam, Skokomish, Quinault, Hoh, Quileute, and Makah.
  • Papahanaumokuakea: Native Hawaiian
  • Phong Nha - Ke Bang: Arem and Ruc tribes still live in the forest (see Nom file)
  • Qinghai Hoh Xil: Tibetan pastoralists
  • Redwood: Such groups as the Yurok, Tolowa, Karok, Chilula, and Wiyot all have historical ties to the region. An 1852 census determined that the Yurok were the most numerous, with 55 villages and an estimated population of 2,500.(Wiki)
  • Rio Platano Biosphere Reserve: ca. 2.000 Miskito- and Pesch-Indians
  • Sagarmatha National Park: Sherpas
  • Salonga National Park: "A group of less than 1,000 Ediki lives in Yaelima, Dekese zone, in the centre of the park" (AB ev)
  • Sangay National Park: The resident Indian groups are the Quichuas-Puruháes in the northwest and centre, the Quichuas-Cañaris in the south and southwest and Shuar in the south and southeast. (UNEP-WCMC)
  • South China Karst: Minority peoples, including the Yi (Shilin) and the Shui, Yao and Buyi (Libo), comprise the majority of residents in two of the nominated areas (AB ev)
  • Tajik National Park: Tajikistani Kyrgyz Link
  • Talamanca Range-La Amistad Reserves: Approximately 10000 Bribri, Cabecar, Brunca and Guaymi live within the park (AB Ev).
  • Three parallel rivers of Yunnan: Tibetan, Lisu, Nu, Dulong, Bai, Pumi and Naxi minority peoples
  • Thungyai-Huai Kha Khaeng: Hmong villages in Thung Yai
  • Tongariro National Park: Maori
  • Uvs Nuur Basin: nomadic pastoral use of the grasslands within the basin over thousands of years
  • Virgin Komi Forests: Present settlements within the Uniya basin include those of the Komi people and the Old Believers, a religious sect who were proscribed by Russian authorities in the 17th century. (AB ev)
  • Volcanoes of Kamchatka: Bystrinsky Nature Park is the only protected nature area of Kamchatka where representatives of indigenous peoples live such as Evens, Koryaks, and Itelmens
  • Western Ghats: the Mudugar and Irula tribal people are indigenous to the area and do live in ... Attappady Reserved Forest (wiki) Link
  • Wulingyuan: many villages of Tujia people


Do you know of another WHS we could connect to Natural sites with indigenous human population?

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A connection should:

  1. Not be "self evident"
  2. Link at least 3 different sites
  3. Not duplicate or merely subdivide the "Category" assignment already identified on this site.
  4. Add some knowledge or insight (whether significant or trivial!) about WHS for the users of this site
  5. Be explained, with reference to a source