Salonga National Park
Salonga National Park is Africa's biggest tropical rainforest reserve. It consists of two locations: a northern and a southern sector, separated by a 40km wide settlement zone.
It is a very isolated park, located at the central basin of the Congo river and crossected by many rivers. The park can only be reached via water transport, and in parts is considered to be completely virgin and never accessed by man. It covers an area of 3,656,000 ha.
The park is also home to many endangered fauna species notably the bonobo. The bonobo or pygmy chimpanzee is only found in the wild here and in surrounding reserves. The bonobo diverges about 0.4 % from the common chimpanzee genome. It is possible that the formation of the Congo river led to the speciation of this particular chimpanzee species (they're not great swimmers). They're now an endangered species, with 29,500 - 50,000 individuals left.
Map of Salonga National Park
- ●● Natural
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Full name: Salonga National Park
Unesco ID: 280
- Congo (Democratic Republic)
Inscribed: 1984 In Danger
Criteria: 7 9
- 2007 - Reinforced Monitoring
- 1999 - In Danger Poaching and illegal encroachments
- 1984 - Inscribed
The site has 2 locations.
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- Chimpanzee habitat
- Critically endangered fauna species: Dryas monkey - "numbers of this taxon are low, probably not exceeding a few hundred individuals" (IUCN) Link
- Elephants: African elephant (forest elephant)
- Strepsirrhini: brown greter galago, Mohol bushbaby
- High-Biodiversity Wilderness Area: Congo Basin
- Congo River Basin: Located at the central basin of the Congo river
- Natural sites with indigenous human population: "A group of less than 1,000 Ediki lives in Yaelima, Dekese zone, in the centre of the park" (AB ev)
- Early Pleistocene: "Along with the common chimpanzee, the bonobo is the closest extant relative to humans. Because the two species are not proficient swimmers, the formation of the Congo River 1.5–2 million years ago possibly led to the speciation of the bonobo. Bonobos live south of the river, and thereby were separated from the ancestors of the common chimpanzee, which live north of the river" and (also Wiki) "DNA evidence suggests the bonobo and common chimpanzee species effectively separated from each other fewer than one million years ago".
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