Salonga National Park

Salonga National Park
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Salonga National Park is Africa's biggest tropical rainforest reserve. It consists of two locations: a northern and a southern sector, separated by a 40km wide settlement zone.

It is a very isolated park, located at the central basin of the Congo river and crossected by many rivers. The park can only be reached via water transport, and in parts is considered to be completely virgin and never accessed by man. It covers an area of 3,656,000 ha.

The park is also home to many endangered fauna species notably the bonobo. The bonobo or pygmy chimpanzee is only found in the wild here and in surrounding reserves. The bonobo diverges about 0.4 % from the common chimpanzee genome. It is possible that the formation of the Congo river led to the speciation of this particular chimpanzee species (they're not great swimmers). They're now an endangered species, with 29,500 - 50,000 individuals left.

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Site Info

Full Name
Salonga National Park
Unesco ID
280
Country
Congo (Democratic Republic)
Inscribed
1984 - In Danger
Type
Natural
Criteria
7 9
Categories
Natural landscape - Forest
Link
By ID

Site History

2007 Reinforced Monitoring

1999 In Danger

Poaching and illegal encroachments

1984 Inscribed

Locations

The site has 2 locations

Salonga National Park: Parc national de la Salonga Nord
Salonga National Park: Parc national de la Salonga Sud

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