Manu National Park
The biological diversity of Manú National Park exceeds that of any other place on earth. The park comprises the catchment basin of the Manu River and part of that of the Alto Madre de Dios River.
Overall, more than 15,000 species of plants are found in Manú, and up to 250 varieties of trees have been found in a single hectare. The reserve is a destination for birdwatchers from all over the world, as it is home to over 500 species of birds, nearly the total for all of North America and 10-15% in the whole world. Furthermore, there are at least 13 wildlife species in the park that are globally threatened such as Giant Otter, Giant Anteater, Ocelot and Jaguar.
Its vegetation consists of tropical lowland rainforest, tropical montane rainforest and grasslands.
Before becoming an area protected by the Peruvian government, the Manú National Park was conserved thanks to its inaccessibility. The park remains inaccessible by road to this day.
Map of Manu National Park
- ●● Natural
Visit May 2011
I am the first to write a review about this WHS - no wonder since it sees only ca. 2500 visitors a year. The Reserved Zone of Manu National Park can be reached from Cuzco with a couple of tour companies. I went there on a 5-day tour with the well-organized and recommended Pantiacolla Tours. It is possible to fly in and out (there´s a tiny grass airstrip at the Yuni Lodge), but I choose to drive down from Cuzco for 1.5 days through the cloud forest until the port of Atalaya at the Madre de Dios River. This way you´ll see the landscape change dramatically, and there are already plenty of birds to see along the road including the Andean cock-of-the-rock and the quetzal.
The tour company had put "binoculars" at the no. 1 spot of the packing list. And indeed they proved to be essential, as the wildlife here is not easy to see with the naked eye. The rainforest is very thick, and many of the species have disguising colours.
We navigated the Manu River for hours, always being the only ones on the river. Both white and black caiman are a common sight here, lying around at the river's characteristic beaches. We saw one black caiman of about 4 meters long. Also we happened upon two tapirs scrambling upon the river bank. Tapir are a rare sighting, even more scarce than the jaguar. Unfortunately we missed out on the latter one during this trip.
On short hikes through the forest it was easy to spot monkeys. They live high in the tree tops, but are noisy and sometimes showing off. We saw brown capucins, squirrel monkeys, the very elastic spider monkeys (a joy to stare at), the impressively strong woolly monkeys. And in the jungle camp we were awoken each morning at 5 a.m. by the throat singing of the howler monkeys. We did get a good look at them too.
The Manu River has created a number of oxbow lakes. Lake Salvador and Lake Otorongo are the most notable ones. We visited Lake Salvador two times, once in the late afternoon and once in the early morning. The word "pristine" could have been invented just to describe this precious lake. The thing to do here is look for Giant Otter. The first day we were not lucky: they had moved away from the spot where the guide knew they lived. But on the second morning we saw three adults at their breakfast. One had caught a very large fish, almost half his own size. He was loudly eating it. A really fun thing to watch. They are called Giant Otter as they can get 2 meters tall (including tail), but they did not look that big to me. Birds we saw at the lake include the punky hoatzin and the wonderful green ibis. Groups can watch and look for the animals at this lake by using a wooden catamaran.
We were less lucky at Lake Otorongo, where there is only a viewing platform.
What I will most remember of this trip though is the enormous variety of trees and plants. I got bored by forests in Australia, but Manu NP is really extraordinary in its variety. It is fully packed with green leafs in all different sizes, shapes and colourshades.
Jarek Pokrzywnicki Poland - 29-Nov-13
Only a 3 days trip organized from Cuzco through Manu Peru Amazon (November 2013). Not enough to see the real jungle but least enough to have imression how it is in Amazonia.
Road from Cuzco to Salvacion (via Paucartambo) crosses National Park borders at Acjanaco (there are signs of NP) and than continues to Pilcopata (and Salvacion) within so-called Cultural Zone of Manu (Zona de Amortiguamiento).
Even being aware of the lenghth of stay it is one of best jungle experience so far - variety (and diversity) of animals and plants to be observed there is enormous, I truelly recommend to go there for longer period (and probaly go further north to Manu River and so-called Zona Experimental).
I have been in the Manu National Park and must say is for sure one of the best places in the world to be visited. Due to the non easy access way, nature there remainded more untouched than in others Amazon reservations, that is mainly the reason why is easier to spot mammals and birds. Insekts species we saw there are unbeliveble, those that somebody could not imagine that exist.
Our guide was so knowledge and patience showing us useful plants, vines and teaching us how to live in the Amazon, we made fire and we bath us in beutiful rivers every day.
I stay volunteering on a campsite, helping to develope a project that protect the Cultural Zone of the Manu National Park, during this month I learnt a lot and I would never forget this experience.
For those interested you can visit the web page:
They offer affordable options to visit the Park
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Full name: Manu National Park
Unesco ID: 402
Criteria: 9 10
- 1987 - Inscribed
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- Cacao: The plant Theobroma cacao is found there (unesco website)
- Oxbow lakes: Lake Salvador and Lake Otorongo
- Turtles and tortoises: Yellow headed side neck turtle
- Orchids: It is claimed that there are 179 species of orchid in the cloud forest (UNEP-WCMC)
- Cloud forest Link
- Bears: spectacled bear
- Endemic Bird Species: three Endemic Bird Areas represented within the Park: the South-East Peruvian lowlands, with 15 restricted range species, the Eastern Andean Foothills of Peru, with 11 restricted range species, and the High Peruvian Andes with 30 restricted range species, totalling 56 (UNEP-WCMC)
- Crocodiles: black caiman Melanosuchus niger, common spectacled caiman Caiman crocodilus (UNEP-WCMC)
- Tapirs: Brazilian tapir
- Sloths: brown-throated sloth, two-toed sloth
- Anteaters: giant anteater, silky anteater, southern tamandua
- High-Biodiversity Wilderness Area: Amazonia
- Biological Corridor: part of "Vilcambamba- Amboro Conservation Corridor" Link
- Jaguar habitat
- Natural sites with indigenous human population: Permanent human habitation is restricted to several small communities of the Matsigenga Amazonian tribal group, largely along the Manú river or one of its main tributaries.
- Tupac Inca Yupanqui: Was beaten by the local Indians in a battle in 1450