Fraser Island

Fraser Island
Photo by Carlo Sarion.

K’gari (Fraser Island) is the largest sand island in the world.

It has over 100 clean freshwater dune lakes, spectacular coastal dune formations, sand cliffs and sandy beaches. Up to 50m tall rainforest trees grow on the dunes. Notable fauna includes various threatened species of frog. Dingoes were once common on the island, but are now decreasing.

Community Perspective: The site is strictly limited to 4WD vehicles, so most people opt for a guided tour. Clyde has described what you may expect from a 2-day tour from River Heads, while Carlo did a 1-day tour from Rainbow Beach.

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Carlo Sarion

Philippines | New Zealand - 24-Feb-23 -

Fraser Island by Carlo Sarion

K'gari (Butchulla for Fraser Island) is undoubtedly as exceptional as it could be. It satisfies 3 of the 4 natural criteria, and the increased recognition of Butchulla people as its traditional owners in recent years made it more special. I originally planned a 3-day, 2-night trip to the island in May 2022 but a knee injury forced me to postpone the trip to August 2022. I also ended up doing a full-day tour as I was still nursing my knee.

Most of tour companies operate from Noosa Heads and Rainbow Beach. The agency I availed the tour from used to pick up passengers from Sunshine Coast, which would have been idea as I was staying with a friend there. However, I had to get an accommodation in Noosa Heads due to low number of tourists. Apparently, they were still reeling from the effects of the pandemic. This turned out to be a good surprise as the small town had a wonderful beach and a relaxed vibe.

The tour started at 5:30 am, with our 4WD MHOV-looking truck picking up passengers on the way to Rainbow Beach. Past Rainbow Beach our tour lead picked up a couple of passengers staying in the campgrounds around Inskip Point. We got onto the barge and docked at the southern most point of the island. From here we already saw a few dingoes, with some people quipping that it must had been our lucky day. The truck started driving on the beach, and visited the following sites:

  1. Maheno wreck - a cyclone in the 1930s beached this rusting wreckage (see photo). I remember the lead tour saying that earlier attempts to remove the boat failed, but they were happy that it is now a tourist site on the island. Note that the wreckage is along the "sand highway" that could get busy and thus, travellers should be wary of incoming traffic, and vice versa.
  2. Eli creek - a very shallow freshwater creek near the wreck. Kids seemed to love this creek.
  3. Lake McKenzie - we spent an hour or so here, lounging at the blindingly white sand (reminds me of the many beaches back in the Philippines). The water offers a cold respite from the sun. All tours descend on this spot.
  4. Central Station rainforests - we spent the last part of the day walking around the trails near the central station. Tall gum and eucalyptus trees dominate the canopy, with king ferns, satinays, and kauri pines being notable as well.

We finished the tour around 3:30pm. I had the privilege of sitting beside the driver, which gave me a great view of the road and the surrounding landscape. We took an unpaved road through the Toolara State Forest on the way to Noosa Head. Here we saw several kangaroos, wallabies, and oddly, some horses hopping/galloping around the area. We got back to Noosa Heads just before the sun set. 

Obviously a full-day tour only allows you to get a glimpse of what Fraser Island could offer. Multi-day tours take you to other sites, such as the Indian Head lookout, the Pinnacles, Kirrar sandblow, and other perched lakes such as Lake Wabby, Lake Birrabeen, and Lake Boomanjin. 

As a biologist, what I find fascinating about the island is that it is basically a laboratory of biological and coastal geological processes, which includes continuous renewal of sand dunes, formation of perched lakes, and the unique forest succession that occurs on the island. In any aspect, for a country with so many natural marvels, K'gari is one of the top UNESCO sites in Australia.


Malta - 09-Feb-18 -

Fraser Island by Clyde I visited this WHS in December 2017 and I already before going I knew it would have a special place in my memories as it was my 400th visited WHS.

To reach Fraser Island you can catch a ferry either from Rainbow Beach or from River Heads. I chose the latter and it was quite a long drive to reach the quaint fishing village of Urangan. The extra time I invested in driving to Urangan in the evening, meant that we could depart later in the morning (if you depart from Rainbow Beach you'll have to catch a much earlier ferry and you'll still have to organize a long and bumpy ride from the ferry point to one of the two resorts on the island (the cheaper one is Eurong Beach Resort; even though, at sunset and sunrise, the 75 Mile Beach area close to the resort is where a number of dingoes can easily be seen - the only ones we saw were here - and it is advisable to keep your distance behind the fenced off area at these times). 

Fraser Island has no tarmac, asphalt or gravel roads, apart from two small ones within the Kingfisher Bay Resort (where we stayed). Driving is strictly limited to 4WD vehicles and even then, you have to be quite an experienced and skillful 4WD driver to drive from one place to another without getting stuck in the sand which is a frequent sight on the island. Moreover, there is no public transport on the island. With this in mind, I planned ahead before visiting and opted for a 2 day/1 night guided tour with Cool Dingo Tours (and stayed an extra night to revisit Lake McKenzie early in the morning). I'm not usually a fan of group tours, but this turned out to be a very enjoyable one as we were allowed to stray off as long as we were back on time. Another useful tip was to sit at the very front of the 4WD vehicle (less bumpy and more space).

We used Urangan as our base to sleep the night before and after the 2 nights we actually slept on Fraser Island. Since we were travelling by rental car from Brisbane, we decided to pay a little extra to be able to park our car at the secure park closest to the Kingfisher Bay Resort Mainland Reception and the ferry departure point. There is also a daily bus service from Brisbane to Hervey Bay (just google Con-X-ion). After spotting some estuarine crocodiles and a short ferry ride to the island, by 10am we arrived at our first stop and highlight of Fraser Island - Lake McKenzie or Boorangoora (photo), one of around 40 perched dune lakes with white silica sands. Fraser Island has in fact half the world's perched dune lakes which is one of the reasons it could demonstrate its OUV for inscription on the WH list. We spent around 2 hours swimming here but around noon, not only was it getting rather crowded but also unbearably hot because of the strong sun rays reflecting on the white sands. On our last day we arranged transport with our hotel (around 7km away) and spent another 3 hours earlier in the morning before the first ferry from River Heads. Food and drink (except water) restrictions apply at Lake McKenzie to avoid attracting dingoes.

On our first day, our next stop after Lake McKenzie was Central Station, where there is a UNESCO billboard displaying inscription on the WH list. From there, we did an interesting short hike to Basin Lake perched high in the dunes and then we visited Pile Valley with its towering Satinay trees which can grow up to 40 metres in height. Here I spotted a curious Blue-winged Kookaburra. Next stop was the incredible Wanggoolba Creek, another highlight of the island. It is one of the permanent creeks on the warm, wet valleys of of Fraser Island. These creeks are important refuges for relict ferns, most significant of which are the king ferns which belong to a very primitive family of plants, also found in the Wet Tropics of Queensland. Fossils of similar ferns have also been found at Wanggoolba Creek. What is truly remarkable here is that essentially everything grows on sand! After having dinner at our lodge we were lucky to spot a small eared mountain possu, which was a great way to end our first day on the island.

We spent our second day exploring the eastern and northeastern side of the island which is also part of the Great Sandy National Park. Fraser island is the world's largest sand island and it also has one of the world's longest sandy beaches with a zeta curve, which essentially is a fish hook shape created by prevailing ocean currents. Taking off from 75 Mile Beach, we took a 30 minute scenic flight (80$) to enjoy the never-ending beach, sand dunes and creeks from above. The highlights of the scenic flight were Butterfly Creek and seeing the ridiculous amounts of sharks and rays offshore. After reaching Marloo Bay, we visited Waddy Point which is the only place on the island where there is a rocky headland. Here we stopped to swim in the Champagne Pools which reminded me of the rock pools of Porto Moniz in Madeira.

Next stop was Indian Head were we climbed up to a magnificent lookout for a panoramic view of the sand dunes and beaches behind us and a panoramic view of the ocean in front of us with endless hues of blue. From here it was easy to spot sea turtles, sharks and manta rays. We were also lucky to be able to see a rare spectacle of strange rainbow formations over the sand dunes. Here I also spotted a pair of White-bellied sea eagles feeding and enjoyed the distinctive aniseed scent from the flowering Wide-bay Boronias. Another two (resting) stops along the long sandy beach were the coloured sands known as The Pinnacles and the Macheno shipwreck.

75 Mile Beach is nicknamed "the ocean highway" as 4WD vehichles use it to drive from one side to the other of the island. The tide comes in and out every day and washes all the tyre marks away constantly changing the beach's surface. The tide comes in quickly in the afternoon so you have to pay extra attention when parking your car if you don't want the tide to "swallow" it. Even though I agree that the number of 4WD vehicles per day should be capped in the near future, I think that erosion is kept to a minimum as visitor numbers 'peak' only during holiday season and still the numbers are not that high considering the huge size of the island.

Mats have been placed along the sandy "main road" precisely to help vehicles from getting stuck when the sand gets soft. Dingo fences have been placed around both resorts to prevent scavenging and my impression was that for once, tourists were 'caged' and not the wildlife. Even though there is an environmental impact from tourists visiting the island, I believe that it is being managed well and is a great example of how to strike a balance and avoiding to have yet another unaccessible WHS. The last stop of day 2 was Eli Creek where the final stretch of the creek leading to the ocean is accessible and most tourists (especially families with children) gather at this free natural water park. I borrowed a tube, walked down the boardwalk, and floated down the swiftly flowing creek to the ocean. Luckily, the upper reaches of the creek are protected to aid regeneration and to maintain water quality.

On the last day, apart from revisiting Lake McKenzie, we also trekked through the sand to the oasis of Lake Wabby and saw Fraser Island's shifting sands at the Hammerstone Sand Blow, yet another highlight. If you're an experienced 4WD driver, definitely go for it and plan 2-3 days as the bare minimum. Otherwise, you can visit hassle-free with an organised guided tour as we did. Either way, hopefully you'll be able to enjoy one of Australia's top WHS.

Mirjam L.

Germany - 22-Apr-15 -

Fraser Island by Mirjam S.

Fraser Island is one of the top attractions of Australia - and rightly so. It is a very special place indeed, and it is hard to describe what makes it so special, but it must have something to do with its being an island and a little remote, with the fact that there are no towns, villages or shops (there is no civilisation besides a few resorts), and also the lack of real roads (there are only some dirt roads/tracks in the sand, and the beach serves as the main road!) ...and of course with the rainforest, the beaches, and the sunshine!!!

I visited this WHS in 2007 when I did a trip along the east coast of Australia. It was a guided two day tour and we visited many highlights of the island, such as Lake Wabby, Maheno Shipwreck, Indian Head and Lake McKenzie. We also spent time on the beach and did some great rainforest walks.

And although I did a guided tour with a planned time frame, although I was with a big group, although it is a major tourist destination and there are people nearly everywhere you go - I had a great feeling of freedom at this place. The beautiful nature, the sense of remoteness, the sunshine and the perfect surroundings that taste of adventure - it really is like a dream.

Derek Jones

Wales - 14-Apr-10 -

I have just been to the Island and cannot believe the damage being caused by the visitors to the island.

The tracks are being eroded deep into the sand to such an extent that matting is being used in some locations.

The East beach is being treated like a Motorway with buses dashing up and down, The beach has litter including broken glass and plastic. I even saw people letting fireworks off and the remains were left on the beach.

Surely if this is supposed to be a World Heritage site it should be better protected

Emilia Bautista King

18-Feb-06 -

Fraser Island is my favourite place in Oz. It is the world's largest sand island and has magnificent sand dunes, freshwater lakes, rainforest - all next to the grand Pacific Ocean. The champagne pools were glorious for wading, even for the most inexperienced swimmer. Lake McKenzie is an amazingly clear freshwater lake which is also excellent for swimming. As for wildlife, I had the pleasure of seeing wild brumbies on the beach. There were also many dingoes on the island. They were a bit of a nuisance and were especially out and about when they could smell food.

To reach Fraser Island, many backpackers go to Hervey Bay, where they rent a 4WD and take the barge to the island. I was most fortunate to meet 7 other individuals at a hostel in Hervey Bay who shared the expenses of renting a 4WD and food. When you go, be prepared for the possibility of inclement weather, as the cheapest way to stay on the island is by camping. The camp sites are well-maintained.

Debbie Pulver

Israel (formerly Australia) - 01-May-05 -

I last visited Fraser Island in 1981, and have been dreaming of going back ever since. That dream is going to come true this year, and I can't wait! I'm very, very happy to discover that it is now a World Heritage Site, as this place is a rare gem which must be preserved! Highlights that remain wonderful memories from the last trip are: Lake McKenzie, Lake Wabby, Lake Birrabeen and the Champagne Pools. A peek at the native wildlife in the evenings was also wonderful.

It's a place not to be missed, but please, leave it the way you found it so that future visitors can also enjoy it as much as you did.


Norway - 01-May-05 -

I have been to Fraser Island several times and know I'll go back some day again. It is the most magical place with an atmosphere of purity, freshness and breathtaking, gentle beauty. There are sand dunes, freshwater lakes with sand so fine you can polish your jewellery (if you have any) with it, long white beaches, the purest breed of dingoes in Australia(we saw a whole lot of dingo puppies), crystal creeks and rivers you can drink from while you swim. This is truly Paradise!

Rob Wilson

UK - 01-May-05 -

A truly glorious place. This must be one of the most unique spots on the entire planet. I loved the time I spent there and desparately hope to visit again.

If you are in the area, don't hesitate! Go!

Site Info

Full Name
K’gari (Fraser Island)
Unesco ID
7 8 9
Natural landscape - Insular

Site History

2021 Name change

From "Fraser Island" to "K’gari (Fraser Island)"

1992 Inscribed


The site has 1 locations

Fraser Island


The site has

Human Activity
Individual People
WHS on Other Lists
World Heritage Process


Community Members have visited.

Alexander Parsons Alexfangel Alicemears Angela Vandyck Arjan Atila Ege Bas Butterflybird Byronb Carlo Medina Carlo Sarion Celina Nanbara Chapnis Cheryl Chris Lee Claire Taylor ClaireSpeedie Clem C Clyde Colossus Corinne Vail Cristina Erba DL Dan1306 Daniel C-Hazard Daniela Hohmann Davied Delphine Delaunay Donald M Parrish Jr Donia Drinkteatravel Dutchbirder EDC Emilia Bautista King Erik Jelinek Eva Kisgyorgy FGKJR1492X Fan Yibo Fderuet FedeCambo Fedekiwi Femke Roos Fernweh Finsbury_jo Frank Britton Gary Arndt Gilles Gleembru Greg Guy00 Hanming Harald T. Howe Siang Tan Iain Jackson Ingatastic Ingrid Ivan Jan Zimmermann Jaroslav Klement Jean Lecaillon Jeanne OGrady Jens Joel on the Road JohanneB John booth João Aender Jtb105 JudyWalsh Kasia M. KathNC Kevin247 Kjlchiang Klconnolly Krijn Lauren Leckie118 Loic Pedras Lou1983 Majkl20 Malcolm Turner Malgorzata Kopczynska Mariska Mark K. Michael Ayers Michael Mett Michael Turtle Michal Kozok Mihai Dascalu Mikael Bjork Mikeyboyracer Mirjam L. Missy429 MoPython Monica Tasciotti Nadia Balduccio Nathaniel Chin Nicole Kilian Nihal Ege Ninalr Pang Liang Fong Pascal Cauliez Patrik_globe Paul Hilder Petteri Polyommatus_icarus Reiseblitz Rickard Alfredsson Risson Rob Wilson Robin Frank Roger Ourset Rudegirl Ruth RuthB SHIHE HUANG Sazanami Sergio Arjona Shandos Cleaver Shannon O'Donnell Stephanv Stephanvermeulen Tamara Ratz Tango The Salmons Thomas Buechler Thomas van der Walt Thorben TimAllen Tony0001 Tracy Harder Tschibi Van Hung Vanessa Buechler Vanjavod Worldstuwim Xavier b Zlatko Zoë Sheng