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World Heritage Site

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Xidi and Hongcun

Xidi and Hongcun

The Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui - Xidi and Hongcun are two exceptionally well preserved traditional Chinese villages from the Ming and Qing Dynasties.

Their townscapes are developed in harmony with the natural environment, using the geomantic principles of Feng Shui.

The Huizhou style is the predominant architecture in the villages: white walls, dark tiles, horse-head gables, stone drums or mirrors and open interior courtyards are common features. It was the style favoured by the local merchant class.

Map of Xidi and Hongcun


  • Cultural

Visit November 2007

Xidi and Hongcun can easily be reached from Huangshan City. Until quite recently, foreigners required a permit when visiting this region (and especially the little villages). This has been abandoned now so it seems, at least I wasn't bothered. Transport is abundant too. I was on my way to the busstation to take a bus to Yixian from where minibuses are leaving to both towns, when I was 'highjacked' by a taxi driver. The friendly guy offered to drive me around for the day, and we quickly agreed on a price. The drive from Huangshan City takes about 45 minutes and is a pleasant one through the hilly and rural landscape of Anhui.

November 2007

We first stopped at Xidi, where 124 traditional houses remain. Especially near the entrance of the village every inhabitant seems to have opened a souvenirshop, which is a bit annoying. The highlight of the village is behind you then already: a great three-tiered stone arch.

The village is bigger than you'd expect, and one can easily spend 1,5-2 hours here. Besides the ubiquitous Chinese tourgroups, I met many highschool students painting the street scenes. Lots of local people were doing their laundry in the waters running through the village, probably taking advantage of this wonderful sunny day.

November 2007

Hongcun, about 15 km away from Xidi, has several of the same features as Xidi but distinguishes itseld by its pools and narrow streets. I found it a bit difficult to navigate here, the town has a strange shape (like a water buffalo, the Chinese say). But eventually I reached the Moon Pond, a crescent-shaped pool surrounded by houses. What a great spot! I immediately decided to make this the place to unpack my lunch and just sit here for a while.

There are also a number of large houses open to the public in Hongcun. I was surprised by their lavish interiors. Carved wooden beams are the main feature here, which is so different from the whitewashed stone exteriors of these houses.

November 2007

Both Xidi an Hongcun charge an 80 Yuan entry fee (8 EUR), and sometimes one has to pay a few Yuan extra to take a look inside a house. It is worth visiting both, though I found Hongcun the more picturesque and quiet one of the two.

Community Reviews

Chor Pharn SINGAPORE -

Xidi and Hongcun are precious gems, getting there is fun! We had our own rented minivan, and left Huangshan very early. We passed the countryside covered in mist and bamboo forests, it looked like Switzerland with the river, the black-and-white ancient villages! I wrote this in the Huangshan section, but it's worth repeating. Try visiting some of the other villages enroute to Hongcun and Xidi, they are quite similar in style, minus the commercial atmosphere.

Having said that, I know that our group blends in with the local Chinese backpackers, so we never have problems with permits. I'm not sure if you don't look Chinese if there's a way around this.

David Tingey China (ex-Manchester, UK) -

My wife and I visited Xidi and Hongcun in January 2002 as part of our visit to Huang Shan. We both really loved the villages, as we do everything in China. They have been well-preserved, and what was so amazing is that people actually still live there, surrounded by tourists. It was far better than seeing an empty shell, even though many wanted paying for their photos to be taken! But then, how else can they make a living? I didn't mind that.

A visit here is thoroughly recommended, but be careful if you go outside the normal tourist dates - you have to get a police permit to enter the sites, and it took several hours finding the office and rousing up someone who could arrange the permits.

If you want to see more photos of the villages, have a look at the ever-growing web site of our travels in China:

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Community Rating

Community Rating 3.83. Based on 9 votes.

Site Info

Full name: Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui - Xidi and Hongcun

Unesco ID: 1002

Inscribed: 2000

Type: Cultural

Criteria: 3   4   5  

Link: By Name By ID

Site History

  • 2000 - Revision Formerly appeared on T List as separate entries: Xidi Ancient Human Settlements & Hongcun Ancient Human Settlements (1999)
  • 2000 - Inscribed 


The site has 2 locations.

  • Xidi and Hongcun: Hongcun Hongcun, Anhui, China
  • Xidi and Hongcun: Xidi Xidi, Anhui, China


The site has 11 connections.


Human Activity

  • Irrigation and drainage: Hongcun: "Around 1405, on the advice of geomancers, a channel was dug to bring fresh water to the village from the West Stream. Two hundred years later the water supply system of the village was completed with the creation of the South Lake." (AB ev)

Religion and Belief

  • Confucianism: "This culture has a special place in Chinese history, since it made major contributions to the development of Confucian culture and to commercial development in the 14th-19th centuries." - AB document


  • Built in the 15th century: There are 29 Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) and 3,611 Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) residential buildings and family temples in the county. Decorated with the typical local style of brick, wood and stone, carvings, they display the ornateness and elegancy of the traditional 15th-16th century edifices, boasting historical and research value, as well as being tourist attractions. The most typical of these are the residential houses of Xidi Village and the paleo-ox-shaped Hongcun Village. They have been referred to as museum of Ming and Qing residential houses in China." -


WHS Hotspots

World Heritage Process

  • Derived from more than one TWHS: Formerly appeared on T List as separate entries: Xidi Ancient Human Settlements & Hongcun Ancient Human Settlements (1999)