Blue and John Crow Mountains
Blue and John Crow Mountains is a remote mountainous region known for its biodiversity and relevance to the history of Jamaican Maroons.
The park covers two mountain ranges: the Blue Mountains, peaking at 2,250m, and the John Crow Mountains which is a limestone plateau. They are covered with dense tropical, montane rainforest. A wide variety in endangerd and/or endemic plant, frog and bird species is found here.
The region provided refuge to escaped indigenous slaves, the traces of which can be seen at Maroon archaeological sites such as hiding-places and a network of trails. The ‘Windward Maroons’ of the Blue Mountains region were one of two Maroon strongholds in Jamaica. They lived in and around the settlement of Nanny Town. Its spiritual association with living traditions, ideas and beliefs already earned it a place on the UNESCO List of Intangible Heritage in 2008.
Map of Blue and John Crow Mountains
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Full name: Blue and John Crow Mountains
Unesco ID: 1356
Criteria: 3 6 10
- 2015 - Name change TWHS was called "Blue and John Crow Mountains National Park", but large parts of national park were moved to buffer zone during final nomination stages
- 2015 - Inscribed
- 2011 - Deferred
The site has 19 connections. Show all
- Situated in one of the SIDS: Jamaica
- Territorial Highest points: Blue Mountain Peak (2256M/ 7402ft) "The nominated property is restricted to higher elevations (850 - 2,256m asl) and the reduction from the previous nomination is, in essence, a focus on the more intact forest areas which are largely correlated with altitude and ruggedness of terrain" (IUCN Evaluation)
- Maroonage: The region provided refuge to escaped indigenous slaves, the traces of which can be seen at Maroon archaeological sites such as hiding-places and a network of trails. The ‘Windward Maroons’ of the Blue Mountains region were one of two Maroon strongholds in Jamaica.
- Secret Locations: Nanny Town Cultural Heritage Route .. secret trails, settlements and natural resources
Religion and Belief
- Living indigenous religions: Obeah, strongly connected to Nanny of the Maroons
WHS on Other Lists
- Alliance for Zero Extinction: The BJCM contains two of Jamaica’s five Alliance for Zero Extinction sites (AB ev): Jamaican Peak Frog and Jamaica Petrel
- Biodiversity hotspot: Caribbean Islands
- Masterpieces of Oral and Intangible heritage: The Maroon Heritage of Moore Town was listed in 2003 as a Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity and then relisted in 2008 on the Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. (AB ev)
World Heritage Process
- Only WHS in their country: Jamaica
- Name changes: from Blue and Jhon Crow Mountains NP to Blue and John Crow Mountains to reflect removal of large parts of the NP to the buffer zone
- Slow Starters: 1983 - 2015 (32 years)
- Natural sites filling gaps cited by IUCN: The BJCM has also been identified as a gap in representation of World Heritage sites: it belongs to a Centre of Plant Diversity and an Udvardy biogeographic province not yet represented on the List and as noted above it overlaps with one of 78 most irreplaceable protected areas in the world (AB ev)