Cloud forest

A cloud forest, also called a fog forest, is a generally tropical or subtropical evergreen montane moist forest characterized by a persistent, frequent or seasonal low-level cloud cover, usually at the canopy level. (wiki)

Connected Sites

Site Rationale Link
Alejandro de Humboldt National Park
Amami-Oshima Island Mt. Yuwandake (694 m) in Amami-Oshima Island is the highest peak in the nominated property, and Tokunoshima Island (a) has Mt. Inokawadake with an altitude of 645 m. The forests of these mountains that are located at the height of 500–600 m or more constitute cloud belts, where sunlight is limited and air humidity is high. Similarly, on the slopes of Mt. Yonahadake (503 m), the highest peak in Okinawa Island, and Mt. Iyudake (446 m), there are cloud forests. (Nomination text, p. 30)
Blue and John Crow Mountains "Supplementary information provided by the State Party notes that the nominated property consists of tropical, montane rainforest, much of which is cloud forest between 850m and 2,256m." and "Above 2,000m the forest is known as Elfin Forest due to the stunted and gnarled appearance of the trees which are heavily coated with epiphytes including hanging mosses, ferns and tiny orchids." (IUCN ev)
Canaima National Park the cloud forest on the low tepui of Sierra de Lema is one of the most richly endemic areas (UNEP-WCMC)
Darien National Park
Galapagos Islands An unusual form of cloud forest is found between 1500m and 1700m on the mountains and volcanoes of the larger islands (UNEP-WCMC)
Garajonay dense dominant cloud forest of El Cedro (UNEP-WCMC)
Kinabalu Park
Komodo National Park A quasi cloud-forest occurs above 500m on pinnacles (UNEP-WCMC)
Laurisilva of Madeira laurel forest (laurisilva), a type of mountain cloud forest (UNEP-WCMC)
Lorentz National Park The mid-montane zone which is known as cloud or mossy forest, is dominated by Nothofagus species and starts about 1,500m (UNEP-WCMC)
Machu Picchu The ruins rise just above cloud forest (UNEP-WCMC)
Manu National Park
Pitons of Reunion
Rainforests of the Atsinanana Ranomafana NP: The range of altitudes in the park produces a variety of forest types, including lowland rainforest and cloud forest. (wiki)
Redwood Temperate cloud forest
Rio Abiseo National Park The cloud forest is considered a relic of the preglacial Huallaga Pleistocene refugium, and the reason for the area's high degree of diversity and endemism (UNEP-WCMC)
Sangay National Park
Te Wahipounamu Temperate cloud forest (Fiordland)
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley presence of one of the few areas of cloud forest that are located in Mexico (wiki)
Yakushima Temperate cloud forest


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