A tumulus is a mound of earth and stones raised over a grave or graves.

Connected Sites

Site Rationale Link
Archaeological Site of Aigai
Białowieża Forest 184 old Slav burial tumuli from the 10th and 11th centuries have been found (UNEP-WCMC)
Brú na Bóinne
Cahokia Mounds "The mounds served variously as construction foundations for public buildings and as funerary tumuli." (OUV)
Cilento and Vallo di Diano La tomba del Principe in Monte Pruno
Curonian Spit 500 tumuli were discovered in Kaup
Danube Limes Carnuntum (ID No 31): "cemeteries along the ancient radial roads, whereby elaborate tomb architecture such as funeral altars, pillar monuments or tomb chapels as well as tumulus tombs were found" (Nomination file, p. 79)
Dholavira: A Harappan City "Six hemispherical tumuli are the most conspicuous features of curiosity and promise in the zone of [the] western necropolis." They surround a "depression representing a buried water body and were believed to be of special significance in terms of their shape, size and location. Two of them (...) have been subjected to archaeological investigation which confirmed their being funerary monuments of exceeding importance and unique character". (Nomination text, p. 223)
Dilmun Burial Mounds
Ennedi Massif tumuli grouped in large necropolises (AB ev)
Etruscan Necropolises
Gamzigrad-Romuliana The mausolea of Galerius and his mother are hidden in two tumuli, visible from the main palace
Gaya Tumuli “The introduction of new forms of tombs and the intensification of the spatial hierarchy in the tumuli sites reflect the structural changes experienced by Gaya society during its history.” - UNESCO Description
Golden Mountains of Altai The Pazyryk tombs are Scythian kurgans, that is barrow-like tomb mounds of larch logs covered over by large cairns of boulders and stones, dated to between the 6th and 3rd centuries BCE. (wiki)
Gordion "Surrounding the Citadel Mound and the Lower and Outer Towns, more than one hundred tumuli – earthen mounds protecting the burials of the ruling class – dot the landscape of Gordion. Their size is variable, from small humps on the ground to large-scale mounds, such as the tumulus known as the Midas Mound" (AB ev)
Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump a tumulus where vast quantities of buffalo (American Bison) skeletons can still be found (Unesco website)
Himā Cultural area Ceramic remains of mid-to later Holocene times occur widely, and are especially common at a series of rock tumuli at Najd Sahi. (nom file p.14)
Hopewell Mound City: ".. the highest density of burial mounds of any Hopewell earthwork." (nom file)
Koguryo Kingdom "Some of the tombs show great ingenuity in their elaborate ceilings, designed to roof wide spaces without columns and carry the heavy load of a stone or earth tumulus (mound), which was placed above them." - Nomination File
Koguryo Tombs "The best known cultural heritage remains of this kingdom are thousands of tombs, built of stone and covered by stone or earthen mounds. Earthen mound tombs, including many with murals, were prevalent once Koguryo moved its capital to Pyongyang - but existed in other parts of the kingdom as well." - Nomination file
Mozu-Furuichi Kofungun
Nemrut Dag the tumulus at the site, which is 49 m (161 ft) tall and 152 m (499 ft) in diameter (wiki)
Neolithic Orkney Maeshowe
Pergamon Ikili tumuli
Saloum Delta Shellfish tumuli
Sammallahdenmäki Stone cairns
Solovetsky Islands over 600 stone burial cairns
Stonehenge Avebury Silbury hill near Avebury (biggest tumulus in Europe), West Kennet Barrow and East Kennet Barrow. Also many smaller ones.
Tanbaly "A huge number of ancient burials are known on the site. ... the later types consist of mounds (kurgans) of stone and earth built above tombs. The latter seem to date from the Early Iron Age to the present day." (AB ev)
Tassili n'Ajjer The lowlands have stone tumuli and hearths dating between 6000 to 4000 BCE. (wiki)
Taxila tumulus of Saraikala
Thracian tomb of Sveshtari The tomb is covered by a burial mound
Volubilis AB: "there is a burial mound dating from the 3rd/2nd century BC"
Western Caucasus There have been numerous findings in the tumuli including unique golden adornments and artifacts of metal and clay. (EOEarth)


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