The "Ennedi Massif: Natural and Cultural Landscape" is an eroded mountain massif in the Sahara desert, containing numerous rock paintings and archaeological sites.
The sandstone plateau was sculpted by water and wind erosion, leading to scenically impressive features such as formidable rock arches.
Though lying deep in the desert, the area sees regular rain. This results in a varied flora and fauna, and notably in the surviving Nile crocodiles in the permanent pocket of water called Guelta Archei. It became a refuge also for humans, who left rock art there. Nomadic pastoralists are still visiting.
Map of Ennedi Massif
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Full name: Ennedi Massif: Natural and Cultural Landscape
Unesco ID: 1475
Criteria: 3 7 9
- 2016 - Revision On T List as: Gravures et peintures rupestres de l'Ennedi et du Tibesti
- 2016 - Inscribed
- 2015 - Incomplete - not examined As "Massif de l'Ennedi : paysage naturel et culturel"
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- Natural Arches and Bridges: "very large concentration of rock arches, probably only exceeded by Arches National Park in the USA. With a height of 120 metres, the Aloba stone arch is reportedly the second highest .. in the world" (AB ev)
- Crocodiles: "One of the most striking conservation features is the small population of crocodiles, estimated at around 10 individuals, which live in the Guelta Archei" (AB ev)
- Visited by Nicolas Hulot: Ã‰mission 44 : Tchad - Espoir de vie (Tchad, 2011)
- Holocene: originated in what is called the Neolithic Subpluvial or Holocene Wet Phase (wiki nl)
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