Chichen Itza
Gebel Berkal

World Heritage Site

for World Heritage Travellers

Built in the 11th century

WHS whose OUV derives entirely or significantly from 11th century constructions. Where construction straddles the centuries the date of conception/commencement is used i.e which century does the site really "belong" to in spirit.

The connection belongs to Timeline connections.

Connected Sites

  • Al Qal'a of Beni Hammad: founded 1007
  • Avila: walls built 1090-1099
  • Bamberg: exerted a strong influence on urban form and evolution in the lands of central Europe from the 11th century onwards (AB ev)
  • Bassari Country: first documented population movement phenomenon dates back to the 11th - 13th centuries (AB ev)
  • Chaco Culture: The zenith of this culture was from 1020 to 1100
  • Chola Temples: Brihideswara temple in Thanjavur: 1003-1010
  • Diyarbakir Fortress and Hevsel Gardens: Oldest towers and inscriptions in the city walls date from 1085-1093
  • Durham Castle and Cathedral: The archetypal Norman Cathedral even though it took centuries to reach its current from, therefore 11th Century
  • Fujisan: by the 11th century, the form of Fujisan came to inspire literature and art - notably on painted paper screens (AB ev)
  • Gonbad-e Qâbus: 1006
  • Great Zimbabwe Ruins: founded in the 11th Century
  • Hildesheim Cathedral and Church: the cathedral was constructed 1010-1020
  • Hiraizumi
  • Island of Patmos: 1088
  • Kiev: Construction of the Cathedral started in ca. 1037, "It is one of the major edifices of Eastern Christianity in the 11th century" and "the stylistic features of its decoration were spread throughout Kievan Russia in the 11th century by the icon painters working in Kiev." (AB ev)
  • Kunya-Urgench: Kutlug-Timur minaret dates from the 11th century
  • L'Anse aux Meadows: The settlement at L'Anse aux Meadows has been dated to approximately 1000 years ago, an assessment that agrees with the relative dating of artifact and structure types. This is about the same time as the establishment of Vinland (1003)
  • Lake District: The Normans took control over the region in 1092 and the land was subdivided amongst members of the aristocracy, and large tracts of land were also given to monasteries, and the wool trade and the mining industry developed from this period onwards. .... The current settlement pattern began to develop in this period. (AB ev)
  • Lavaux, Vineyard Terraces: The present vine terraces date from the 11th century and where developed by Benedictine and Cistercian Monasteries (AB ev)
  • M'Zab Valley: the standing sites originate from the early 11th Century
  • Medina of Marrakesh: Founded in 1070-72 by the Almoravids
  • Monasteries of Daphni, Hosios Loukas and Nea Moni of Chios: Hosios Loukas (1011 or 1042), Nea Moni (1045)
  • Mont-Saint-Michel: William de Volpiano designed the Abbey in the early 11th Century.
  • Mount Athos: In 1054, the sacred mountain of Athos, a holy place in the Christian world, became the principal spiritual home of the Orthodox church. (AB ev)
  • Mtskheta: Cathedral and Samtavro date from the 11th century, there are also remains of 7th century churches
  • Novgorod: "veritable "conservatory" of Russian architecture of the Middle Ages and later periods (llth-19th centuries)" (AB ev); St. Sophia Cathedral is from 1045-1050
  • Piazza del Duomo (Pisa): In the Campo dei Miraculi "the individual, basic structures ..... church, cathedral, baptistry, campanile, cemetery), were erected between the 11th and 14th centuries" (AB) "The power of Pisa as a mighty maritime nation began to grow and reached its apex in the 11th century.... Construction (of the Duomo) was begun in 1064 .... and set the model for the distinctive Pisan Romanesque style of architecture." (Wiki)
  • Preah Vihear Temple: In the first half, during the King Suryavarman I (1002-50)
  • Qalhat: flourished in the 11th to 15th centuries CE (AB ev), though its origins are much earlier ("The earliest historic evidence in the ancient city of Qalhat is an Iron Age tomb dating to around 500 BC")
  • Rammelsberg and Goslar: first documentary mention of Rammelsberg is from the beginning of the 11th century. The rich deposits of silver ore there were one of the main reasons for siting an Imperial residence at the foot of the Rammelsberg mountain by the Emperor Henry II; he held his first Imperial Assembly there in 1009 (AB ev)
  • Rani-ki-Vav: built as a memorial in the 11th century CE (Nom File)
  • Route of Santiago de Compostela: For Santiago's Cathedral and Puente la Reina
  • Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France: From the 11th-13th centuries 'staging post' churches developed along the pilgrimage route, and in particular in France.
  • Ruins of Loropéni : "The recent inter-disciplinary project has allowed a reassessment of the history of Loropéni. This has pushed much further back the date of its construction from around the 17th century to at least the 11th century AD" (AB)
  • Saint-Savin sur Gartempe: current abbey was built 1040-1090
  • Saloum Delta: "The creation of tumuli on certain large shell mounds ... started in the 8th century AD and developed through to the 16th century. Various populations occupied the islands in the Saloum Delta one after another: Fulani, Tukulor and Serer in particular. The latter arrived in the 11th century from modern northern Senegal fleeing the Almoravid conquest. They erected large tumuli and they are still the dominant ethnic group in Saloum."
  • Santiago de Compostela: the cathedral was constructed 1075-1122
  • Speyer Cathedral: constructed 1024-1061
  • Thang Long: Origins from 1010, but most of the current structures are from the 19th century
  • Tower of London: Straddles many eras but the White tower is its heart and is 11th century
  • Vat Phou: The earliest remains that still can be seen are from the 11th century - major rebuilding was done in the 11th-12th centuries by the rulers of Angkor
  • Venice and its Lagoon: St. Mark's: status as a symbol of Venetian wealth and power, from the 11th century (wiki)
  • Wartburg Castle: The first steps in its construction were taken in 1067, following the troubles caused by the Investiture Contest, troubles which encouraged the birth of feudalism. The castle is mentioned for the first time in 1080 as a strategic base (AB ev)
  • Yazd: The oldest dated inscription surviving in Yazd today is on the Davazdah-Imam monument (1008-1051)


Do you know of another WHS we could connect to Built in the 11th century?

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A connection should:

  1. Not be "self evident"
  2. Link at least 3 different sites
  3. Not duplicate or merely subdivide the "Category" assignment already identified on this site.
  4. Add some knowledge or insight (whether significant or trivial!) about WHS for the users of this site
  5. Be explained, with reference to a source