Built in the 11th century

WHS whose OUV derives entirely or significantly from 11th century constructions. Where construction straddles the centuries the date of conception/commencement is used i.e which century does the site really "belong" to in spirit.

Connected Sites

Site Rationale Link
Al Qal'a of Beni Hammad founded 1007
Avila walls built 1090-1099
Bagan The historical period of greatest relevance in this nomination is the Bagan period (11th – 13th centuries) (AB ev)
Bamberg exerted a strong influence on urban form and evolution in the lands of central Europe from the 11th century onwards (AB ev)
Bassari Country first documented population movement phenomenon dates back to the 11th - 13th centuries (AB ev)
Chaco Culture The zenith of this culture was from 1020 to 1100
Chola Temples Brihideswara temple in Thanjavur: 1003-1010
Diyarbakir Fortress and Hevsel Gardens Oldest towers and inscriptions in the city walls date from 1085-1093
Durham Castle and Cathedral The archetypal Norman Cathedral even though it took centuries to reach its current from, therefore 11th Century
Fujisan by the 11th century, the form of Fujisan came to inspire literature and art - notably on painted paper screens (AB ev)
Gonbad-e Qâbus 1006
Great Zimbabwe Ruins founded in the 11th Century
Hildesheim Cathedral and Church the cathedral was constructed 1010-1020
Hiraizumi
Island of Patmos 1088
Kunya-Urgench Kutlug-Timur minaret dates from the 11th century
Kyiv Construction of the Cathedral started in ca. 1037, "It is one of the major edifices of Eastern Christianity in the 11th century" and "the stylistic features of its decoration were spread throughout Kievan Russia in the 11th century by the icon painters working in Kiev." (AB ev)
L'Anse aux Meadows The settlement at L'Anse aux Meadows has been dated to approximately 1000 years ago, an assessment that agrees with the relative dating of artifact and structure types. This is about the same time as the establishment of Vinland (1003)
Lake District The Normans took control over the region in 1092 and the land was subdivided amongst members of the aristocracy, and large tracts of land were also given to monasteries, and the wool trade and the mining industry developed from this period onwards. .... The current settlement pattern began to develop in this period. (AB ev)
Lavaux, Vineyard Terraces The present vine terraces date from the 11th century and where developed by Benedictine and Cistercian Monasteries (AB ev)
M'Zab Valley the standing sites originate from the early 11th Century
Medina of Marrakesh Founded in 1070-72 by the Almoravids
Monasteries of Daphni, Hosios Loukas and Nea Moni of Chios Hosios Loukas (1011 or 1042), Nea Moni (1045)
Mont-Saint-Michel William de Volpiano designed the Abbey in the early 11th Century.
Mount Athos In 1054, the sacred mountain of Athos, a holy place in the Christian world, became the principal spiritual home of the Orthodox church. (AB ev)
Mtskheta Cathedral and Samtavro date from the 11th century, there are also remains of 7th century churches
Novgorod "veritable "conservatory" of Russian architecture of the Middle Ages and later periods (llth-19th centuries)" (AB ev); St. Sophia Cathedral is from 1045-1050
Piazza del Duomo (Pisa) In the Campo dei Miraculi "the individual, basic structures ..... church, cathedral, baptistry, campanile, cemetery), were erected between the 11th and 14th centuries" (AB) "The power of Pisa as a mighty maritime nation began to grow and reached its apex in the 11th century.... Construction (of the Duomo) was begun in 1064 .... and set the model for the distinctive Pisan Romanesque style of architecture." (Wiki)
Preah Vihear Temple In the first half, during the King Suryavarman I (1002-50)
Qalhat flourished in the 11th to 15th centuries CE (AB ev), though its origins are much earlier ("The earliest historic evidence in the ancient city of Qalhat is an Iron Age tomb dating to around 500 BC")
Rammelsberg and Goslar first documentary mention of Rammelsberg is from the beginning of the 11th century. The rich deposits of silver ore there were one of the main reasons for siting an Imperial residence at the foot of the Rammelsberg mountain by the Emperor Henry II; he held his first Imperial Assembly there in 1009 (AB ev)
Rani-ki-Vav built as a memorial in the 11th century CE (Nom File)
Route of Santiago de Compostela For Santiago's Cathedral and Puente la Reina
Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France From the 11th-13th centuries 'staging post' churches developed along the pilgrimage route, and in particular in France.
Ruins of Loropéni "The recent inter-disciplinary project has allowed a reassessment of the history of Loropéni. This has pushed much further back the date of its construction from around the 17th century to at least the 11th century AD" (AB)
Saint-Savin sur Gartempe current abbey was built 1040-1090
Saloum Delta "The creation of tumuli on certain large shell mounds ... started in the 8th century AD and developed through to the 16th century. Various populations occupied the islands in the Saloum Delta one after another: Fulani, Tukulor and Serer in particular. The latter arrived in the 11th century from modern northern Senegal fleeing the Almoravid conquest. They erected large tumuli and they are still the dominant ethnic group in Saloum."
Santiago de Compostela the cathedral was constructed 1075-1122
Speyer Cathedral constructed 1024-1061
Thang Long Origins from 1010, but most of the current structures are from the 19th century
Tower of London Straddles many eras but the White tower is its heart and is 11th century
Vat Phou The earliest remains that still can be seen are from the 11th century - major rebuilding was done in the 11th-12th centuries by the rulers of Angkor
Venice and its Lagoon St. Mark's: status as a symbol of Venetian wealth and power, from the 11th century (wiki)
Wartburg Castle The first steps in its construction were taken in 1067, following the troubles caused by the Investiture Contest, troubles which encouraged the birth of feudalism. The castle is mentioned for the first time in 1080 as a strategic base (AB ev)
Yazd The oldest dated inscription surviving in Yazd today is on the Davazdah-Imam monument (1008-1051)

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