The Historic Centre of Morelia contains 249 historic buildings, all made out of characteristic pink stone.
The town started out in 1537 with a Franciscan monastery, and has played an important part in various stages of Mexican history since.
In 1578, its name was changed to "Valladolid". During the colonial period a number of religious orders established themselves in the city, allowing it to take an important place in the history of art and culture in Mexico. Important architectural sites from the colonial period include the Catedral de Morelia, the Aqueduct (built between 1785 and 1789 by Fray Antonio de San Miguel), the Governor's Palace, the Palacio Clavijero, and numerous churches, convents, and houses. The Conservatorio de Música de las Rosas of Morelia was the first music conservatory in the Americas.
The city is the birthplace of José María Morelos (1765), after whom it was renamed in September 12, 1828, and who along with Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla began the Mexican War of Independence from Spain in 1810.
Map of Morelia
- ●● Cultural
Visit January 2014
I repeated my parking trick from San Miguel de Allende, and left my car this time at an even bigger mall on the ring road of Morelia in the direction of Patzcuaro. This mall (Plaza de Morelia) has a couple of American franchise restaurants, and I ate a good salad at one of them for lunch.
Morelia is a large city, and the WHS area stretches a long way across town. There are two central areas to check out. The first center is the Cathedral area. I was the only tourist around, and people did look a little bemused when I took my camera out of my bag. There are some fine facades around here, and arcades that came right out of Spain. Worth a peek inside is the Colegio de San Nicolas de Hidalgo, formerly one of the most prestigious schools of colonial Mexico.
From that area, I walked to the second center which lies near the Aqueduct. The Aqueduct is… an aqueduct, what’s more to say. In front of it stands the also very underwhelming Tarascas Fountain. The city is very busy with cars (as all Mexican cities are), and they speed past the fountain and the aqueduct.
I left the best for last: the Santuario de Guadelupe looks like a bland parish church from the outside. The interior is spectacular however: bright pink and light blue, it looks more like a Hindu temple. It also has 4 huge paintings on how the Spanish converted the poor indigenous Mexicans.
Ian Cade England 28-Jan-15
Planning our trip around central Mexico, I assumed there would come a stage where our interest in historic city centres would run out, well it did and Morelia was the place that fell victim.
We didn't do the city justice, we stopped for an early lunch on an overcast Sunday morning, meaning that many of the church interiors were out of bounds as they were being used by the large congregations. We had a stroll around the city centre, hunting out a cash machine, before sitting in a cafe to watch the locals ride bikes along the Zocalo which had been close to cars. The most impressive thing in the centre we saw was the governor's mansion, which was decorated with impressive murals. A really impressive undertaking, but amazingly it was par for the course for Mexican municipal buildings.
After a quick wizz through the convent turned folk art museum we headed out towards the aqueduct, and like Els were somewhat underwhelmed by it. We also managed to peek inside the glorious Santuario de Guadelupe before realising the service was going on and tried to leave the congregation in peace.
So that was about it, I can see that Morelia may reward a longer stay and that we didn't do it justice, however it really didn't grab us during our visit.
Site 4: Experience 3
Morelia, is a romantic untouristed city of a million people that feels more like 100,000. Rich in color and history, you will feel safe exploring its "Cantera Rosa" (Pink Stone) downtown neighborhoods and central plaza. The Morelians are friendly educated people who adore their community. There is so much to do and see in this clean, beautiful city, I especially enjoyed the vibrant "Candy" market and variety of art galleries. I'm returning again in the Spring!
Among the somewhat excessive number of Mexican historic “colonial” town centres on the UNESCO list Morelia’s special claim lies in is its very “Spanish” feeling/atmosphere. As the Rough Guide says “you might easily be in Salamanca or Valladolid” – and indeed the city had this latter name for almost 300 years until it was renamed after the local Independence hero (whose birthplace in the city centre is something of a shrine and worth a quick visit).
The city is pleasant enough and one certainly wouldn’t say “Don’t visit it” but it is difficult to put one’s finger on any particular attraction. It has an enormous late 17th/early 18th century cathedral (photo 1) but this lost most of its riches to pay for Mexico’s wars and now has a late 19th century interior. The inscription emphasises the overall unity of the centre in design and appearance and this has certainly been maintained everywhere in a slightly “blocky” way (photo 2). Our hotel, 2 blocks behind the main street, was not an old building but was faced with the ubiquitous reddish stone – from the back however it was grotty red brick! There are however many genuine old buildings built on a grid pattern which still follows the original plan – it is interesting to read on the tourist “plaques” the detailed instructions sent out by Philip II as to how “exactly” cities in the New World were to be laid out and the buildings designed – real micro management! The main street is wide with imposing colonnaded structures and huge squares. Behind, the streets are narrower and one comes across old convents and churches, pleasant squares, small gardens and fountains. The city has a population of over 1 million and a significant university – as such it has the “mass” to support a pleasant café culture, restaurants etc.
After an evening and a morning in Morelia we moved on to nearby Patzcuaro – a more indigenous and atmospheric town with adobe walls, cobbled streets and red tiled roofs. It is the antithesis of Morelia’s grandeur, rigidity and “Spanishness”. However, this Michelin *** town (as opposed to Morelia’s **) is not UNESCO-inscribed nor on its Tentative list. For a tourist visiting Mexico I would suggest that it is by far the more interesting and beautiful and I wonder why it is being ignored “World Heritage-wise” whilst Mexico gets so many of its more “Spanish” colonial cities inscribed?
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Full name: Historic Centre of Morelia
Unesco ID: 585
Criteria: 2 4 6
- 1991 - Inscribed
The site has 17 connections. Show all
- Italian Architects outside Italy: Cathedral was designed by Vicenzo Varoccio (source: Michelin Guide)
- Universities: Universidad Michoacana de San Nicol?s de Hidalgo. It was founded in 1551 as the Colegio de San Nicol?s by Vasco de Quiroga, first bishop of Michoac?n. It is one of the oldest universities in America and one of the most important public universities of Mexico.
- Monumental Fountains: Tarascas Fountain - formed by three purepechas women or tarascas with naked backs carrying a big tray full of typical fruit of Michoacan
- Bandstand: At the Plaza de Armas
- Equestrian Statues: Presiding over Morelos Square, the largest public square in the Morelian historic district, is the equestrian monument to Morelos, cast in bronze
- Visited by Alexander von Humboldt on his travels: Sep 14 1803
- Built in the 16th century: Founded in 1541 and gained city status from Charles V in 1545, taking the name of "Valladolid". By 1580 it had become both the civil and religious centre of the province. "The historic center is roughly equivalent to the original layout of the city when it was founded ..., and most of this layout has survived intact to the present day. Anticipating growth, this original layout had very wide streets and plazas for the time, with streets systematically arranged to allow for elongation. The streets are systematically laid out, but not rigidly squared, with most having gentle curves designed into them. Most of the grandest structures where completed during the 18th century, including the facade and bell towers of the Cathedral, the Colegio Seminario (today the State Government Palace), La Alhóndiga (today part of the Palace of Justice) and numerous private mansions. During the same time period, infrastructure such as the city's aqueduct and various plaza fountains were constructed." (Wiki)
- Named after individual people: After Jose Maria Morelos, an Independence fighter Link
- Built or owned by Spanish: What would become the city of Morelia was founded by Viceroy Antonio de Mendoza and a number of encomenderos in 1541, who first named it Nueva Ciudad de Mechuacan (wiki)
- Total Solar Eclipse since Inscription: 11 July, 1991
WHS on Other Lists
- World Monuments Watch (past): San Nicolás Obispo, Morelia (2006)
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