Linear inscriptions

Cultural WHS whose core property is in linear form which has a "a start and end point, a considerable length and limited width". The linear aspects are man made, such as canals, roads/routes, railways etc

This type of site became recognised within the operational guidelines as a "Linear Cultural Landscape" from around 1995 - "The possibility of designating long linear areas which represent culturally significant transport and communication networks should not be excluded." . However, not all "Cultural Routes" are inscribed "Linearly" (see ) and sometimes it is not absolutely clear whether the finally inscribed site is "linear" or "point". Where a site is inscribed primarily in "point" form but also contains some linear stretches within an overall linear concept it is included. Where there is uncertainty the words used in the Nomination file/AB Evaluation are adopted.

Excluding sites which, inter alia, merely contain such a network within a wider inscription (e.g Kii Mountains) or include a lot of areas some distance away from the line.

Connected Sites

Site Rationale Link
Aasivissuit - Nipisat
Alto Douro see map in nom file
Aqueduct of Padre Tembleque
Camino Real It does include 4 "linear" stretches of road -some are less than 1km but there is also "Stretch of Camino Real between Nazas and San Pedro del Gallo This 64km stretch is the longest that has been preserved." (AB) It is described as a "Heritage route" rather than a "Linear Cultural Landscape"
Canal du Midi "The total length of the waterway that is the subject of this nomination is 360 km."... "It should also be considered to be a cultural landscape of the type Proposed in paragraph 39 of the Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention, although it was not nominated as such by the State Party". (AB)
Chankillo Archaeoastronomical Complex The Thirteen Towers are a row of thirteen cuboidal constructions built of stone and mortar along a low ridge roughly at the center of Chankillo. (Nomination Text, p. 17) The regularly-spaced thirteen towers of Chankillo were constructed atop the ridge of a low hill running near north to south, forming a "toothed" horizon with narrow gaps at regular intervals. To the east and west investigators designated two possible observation points. (wiki)
Chaîne des Puys
Danube Limes "(...) the fortifications consisted of a continuous chain of military installations almost all along the southern banks of the river. The backbone of the defence system was a string of legionary fortresses". (Brief synthesis)
Derwent Valley Mills see map at link
Dutch Water Defence Lines The AB evaluation states "It may also be considered to be a linear Cultural Landscape, as defined in the Operational Guidelines (1995, paragraphs 35-39)". The full artifact is described thus :- "The defensive line of the Stelling van Amsterdam is roughly Circular, on a radius of approximately 15 km from the city centre, and extends over two provinces. The main defence line is c. 135 km long and comprises 45 forts, with a number of ancillary works." It is not absolutely clear however whether the inscribed area is linear or consists just of specific points -or a mixture. The AB eval states "The area proposed for inscription runs continuously in a 3-5 km wide zone from Edam, north of Amsterdam, to Muiden, to the east of the city, and out to the PamPuS island fort in the IJmeer, Passing through twenty-six municipalities. It includes forty-five forts and many smaller works."
Forth Bridge
Frontiers of the Roman Empire Hadrian's Wall, Antonine Wall
Funerary and memory sites of the First World War Along the Western Front of WWI
Genoa Le Strade Nuove
Grand Canal
Great Wall It is not absolutely clear how much of the totality of defensive walls within China are inscribed
Hedeby and Danevirke
Incense Route of the Negev Incense & Spice Route (between Ovdat and Moa)
Khinalig The Transhumance Route
Loire Valley described as "a 200-km linear cultural landscape along the Loire River between Maine and Sully-sur-Loire"
Lower German Limes "The Lower German Limes was the earliest linear frontier of the Roman Empire" – "The component parts of the serial property have been selected to represent the linearity and attributes of the Frontier, demonstrating the early development of the perimeter defence." (Official description)
Mountain Railways of India Darjeeling Himalayan, Nilgiri and Kalka-Shimla railways
Paris, Banks of the Seine Focus is on the linear stretch of the Seine
Pont du Gard
Pontcysyllte Aqueduct and Canal "The nominated property consists of the whole length of the canal and its banks; 17km of its 18 km length is in Wales and 1km in England. It includes the towpath and adjacent buildings directly connected with its history" (AB)
Qhapaq Ñan
Quebrada de Humahuaca
Rhaetian Railway
Rideau Canal 202 km route (AB ev)
Rjukan / Notodden
Roman Walls of Lugo The core zone only exists of the rectangular wall, over 2km long and 4m wide
Route of Santiago de Compostela It is not absolutely clear whether this site is inscribed as a series of point monuments or in the form of a "line". The AB eval states "The entire route from the French Frontier to Santiago itself has been nominated" ..... "At the present time a 30 mtr strip on either side of the route is protected"
Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France "It may also be a linear cultural landscape, as indicated in paragraph 40 of the Operational Guidelines" and "In addition, seven stretches of the Chemin du Puy are included in the nomination ".(AB)
Royal Saltworks of Arc-et-Senans
Segovia The total "width" of the site consists solely of the aqueduct for around 12kms kms beyond the town centre of Segovia as far as the mountains where it commenced at the Fuente Fria.
Semmering Railway 41 kms long. "It may also be considered a Linear Cultural Landscape as defined in the operational guidelines 1995 paragraphs 35-39" (AB)
Silk Roads Chang'an-Tianshan Corridor
Silk Roads: Zarafshan-Karakum Corridor
Stevns Klint Follows the narrow coast line for 15km
The Four Lifts Canal du Centre
The Persian Qanat Most of the inscribed sites consist of linear areas 30m either side of the tunnel.
The Porticoes of Bologna Especially San Luca, Strada Maggiore and Certosa locations
The Slate Landscape of Northwest Wales The Ffestionog and Tal-y Llyn railways
Trans-Iranian Railway The entire 1394kms length is inscribed
Wachau Cultural Landscape
Yogyakarta "six kilometre north-south axis"


Do you know of another WHS we could connect to Linear inscriptions?

Send it to me!

A connection should:

  1. Not be "self evident"
  2. Link at least 3 different sites
  3. Not duplicate or merely subdivide the "Category" assignment already identified on this site.
  4. Add some knowledge or insight (whether significant or trivial!) about WHS for the users of this site
  5. Be explained, with reference to a source