Chichen Itza
Gebel Berkal

World Heritage Site

for World Heritage Travellers

Zuojiang Huashan Rock Art

Zuojiang Huashan Rock Art

The Zuojiang Huashan Rock Art Cultural Landscape comprises three locations with thousands of pictographs, painted on steep cliff faces along the river in a karst landscape.

The paintings were made by between the 5th century BCE to the 2nd century AD by the Luoyue people. The site is a cultural landscape and also includes hamlets and villages where people still perform rituals connected to the rock art.

The pictographs can be seen from boats and wooden platforms. They cover four distinct phases of painting, and include depictions of bronze drums, ferry boats and human figures.

Map of Zuojiang Huashan Rock Art


  • Cultural

Community Reviews

Zoe Sheng China - 10-Nov-18 -

Zuojiang Huashan Rock Art by Zoe Sheng

What a disappointment even with my low expectations for rock art in general. A lot has changed since the site has been inscribed and the town of Ningming has really been placed on the map. Known to local tourists before, the town has been upgraded with rock art copies to decorate lamp posts, supermarket roofs, even the factory chimneys, with the cutest one at the tunnel entrance to the scenic area that has the world heritage symbol as rock art alongside the stickmen/women found on the walls.

TIC, or This Is China, refers to the fact that things change quickly here. Before one would have to find an obscure boat hire service to take you to see the rocks, then there was a ferry service twice a day, now there are regular tours from Zhulian Ferry Port every half an hour on weekends, and this was already early November.

I regret not going directly to the scenic area onky a few kilometers further in because the ferry service is slow and you spend a maximum 10 minutes looking at one of the walls, with many rocks walls covered with scaffolding where they still do plenty of research on the art. There are some individual drawings on the way but it takes a good 45 minutes to the place they stop. They in fact spend more time stopping at the local village for the inevitable shopping, mainly fruit and snacks. The images at the port and even the entrance ticket make it seem as one can actually step on a nice wooden boardwalk in front of the art wall but this is in fact a misconception. The boardwalk is there but not accessible, and probably never was invented to be? You can see the art fine from the boat but it obviously feels misleading.

I talk of regret without knowing what the scenic area offers instead, but for the short duration of seeing the rock art I would probably not take a ferry ride and risk the disappointment at the other area without the 3h waste of time on a “leisure” cruise where everyone picnics, and while the scenic views are nice this is nothing compared to Guilin and North Vietnam. If only another visitor would have correct information. Guide books still talk about the old ferries costing 35 RMB... The tour explains some icons but I got more info from the CCTV-1 program showing clips on the TV. You also see more of the rock art but I suppose one wants to see the real deal else we would be looking at pictures of every place to visit and be done in a day.

So what makes this rock art so special? There's always the “most”, “tallest”, “oldest” criteria which for me is a non-factual argument that shouldn't fly. They discovered older art in Indonesia already. I am in favor of these nations at the UN to sit together and compare their findings or review if the rock art is actually unique. I found the ones in Denmark already just passable, France and Spain very much not, and then there are several unlisted places like Indonesia that may even be more unique than those. And if you do inscribe on superlatives than be prepared to be delisted.

I would give this place half a star for the presentation but i believe there is something great about the large amount and how the people placed it on the wall so high, abseiling from the top or if the water level was so much higher than why there is rock art at the bottom areas too? A lot of rock art is unreadable or half washed away. I am of course a little bit biased having seen heaps of rock art before. I did think it was rather smart how some of these were painted to throw a tool on top to most likely symbolise the person's job or status.

Logistic-wise I recommend taking a 2h bus from Nanning Jiangnan Station which is connected by the metro to not only the center but also all the way east to the other coach station, Longdong, and the east fast train station, or take a bus directly from Longdong which takes 3h and is not very frequent. If you come from Vietnam you stop at the old station in Ningming which is slightly closer to Huashan than the coach station but still requires transportation by taxi or motorbike. I don't recommend the train onward to Nanning because it's so much slower and less comfortable and hardly worth the cheaper ticket price.

Zos M Philippines/China - 16-Jan-18 -

Zuojiang Huashan Rock Art by Zos M

[Visited Ningming Cluster on Jan. 13, 2018]

English information on Hanoi-Nanning train route is limited. But coming from Hanoi, the MR1 train actually stops at Ningming Country. Hotels in Hanoi can book train tickets – mine costs $35 USD to Pingxiang Border and I bought Pingxiang-Ningming at the station for 11 RMB. The train leaves Hanoi at 9:15 PM and arrives Ningming at 7:00 AM.

Ningming really takes pride in their WHS. You can see the rock art figures printed all over town. They even put the UNESCO WHS logo in front of the train station - perhaps to remind travelers they are indeed not lost upon arrival on this sleepy town. And the ease of visiting this WHS stops here. There are no English signs pointing to Tuolongqiao Dock where boats supposedly to the scenic area are located. Locals are not of help either unless you speak Mandarin or local language. According to AMap (a Chinese map app) there are buses going to Huashan Murals. But the bus stops are nowhere to be found and there are no signs of it even on the GPS coordinate given by the map.

Already tired and frustrated after 30 minutes of looking for the dock and bus stop, I gave in to the offer of the man who kept talking to me. He had a van parked at the station and he offered to bring me to the site and back for 100 RMB. It was still 8:00 AM so I figured he would just take me to the observation area the opposite bank as he pointed on the map. We drove though sugar cane farms on a road that is still being paved. The observation area too was still under construction, possibly to catch the tourist rush for 2018 Chinese New Year. 

Viewed from the opposite bank, the rock arts were still visible – hundreds of red anthropomorphic figures squatting with arms raised up. There was no English interpretation boards so it was difficult to place them into context. The view from the opposite side was picturesque – lush greenery provided a contrast to the murky water with the cliffs looming over. The river was idyllic. It set the tone on the relationship between the rock arts and the entire landscape and gave the sense of scale with the paintings splattered across the cliff wall.

Seeing the rock art from afar took away the awe and the personal connection. Compared to my visit of Bhimbetka where I am in breathing distance to the paintings, Huashan experience paled in comparison. The surrounding landscape was scenic but it did not give me the emotional pay-off I was anticipating. From the opposite bank, the paintings seem impersonal and devoid of context even after reading the dossier and ICOMOS evaluation.

I asked the driver if we can go to the opposite bank. He talked to the local boatmen to ferry me across the river. Unfortunately, they refused possibly because of the time or maybe the park was totally close on winter. We then drove back to the train station where I looked again for the bus stop but still no signs of a bus or any stop. I took the 11:15 AM train to Nanning which is 4.5 hours away. Missing the train meant the other option was to take the last train at 2:30 PM or stay overnight at Ningming.

Share your experiences!

Have you been to Zuojiang Huashan Rock Art? Add your own review!

Community Rating

Community Rating 2.10. Based on 5 votes.

Site Info

Full name: Zuojiang Huashan Rock Art Cultural Landscape

Unesco ID: 1508

Inscribed: 2016

Type: Cultural

Criteria: 3   6  

Link: By Name By ID

Site History

  • 2016 - Revision On T List as "The Rock Painting of the Mountain Huashan"
  • 2016 - Inscribed 


The site has 3 locations.

  • Zuojiang Huashan Rock Art: Jiangzhou District, Fusui County rock art
  • Zuojiang Huashan Rock Art: Longhzou County rock art
  • Zuojiang Huashan Rock Art: Ningming and Longzhou County rock art


The site has 5 connections.


Religion and Belief