Ancient Roman colonies

Colonies or trading posts of Ancient Rome (outside of current Italy), with a significant Roman population.

Connected Sites

Site Rationale Link
Arles Iulia Paterna Sextanoum
Bordeaux Bordeaux (Burdigala) : Palais Gallien
Bosra Once the capital of the Roman province of Arabia Um er-Rasas (Kastrom Mefa'a)- started as a Roman military camp and grew to become a town from the 5th century
Budapest Aquincum
Butrint After the arrival of the Romans in 44BC, Butrint became a Roman colony in the province of Illyria and expanded considerably, on reclaimed marshland. It was equipped with the usual appurtenances of a Roman city. (AB Ev)
Caves of Maresha and Bet Guvrin Bet Guvrin was the seat of a Roman governorate during the 2nd and 3rd centuries CE. It was at this time one of the most important cities in Roman Palestine and a major crossroads. (AB ev)
City of Bath Aquae Sulis
Cordoba Colonia Patricia
Danube Limes Carnuntum (ID No 31): At the end of the 2nd century, the Upper Pannonian governor Septimius Severus was proclaimed emperor there by the Danubian legions and the civilian city was subsequently elevated to the rank of a colony.
Djémila The city was initially populated by a colony of Roman soldiers from Italy, and eventually grew to become a large trading market. (wiki)
Florence "Florence was built on the site of an Etruscan settlement and the later ancient Roman colony of Florentia (founded in 59 BC)." (Official description)
Fortified City of Carcassonne Colonia Iulia Carcaso
Ghadames Cydamus
Great Spa Towns of Europe Baden Baden, Bath
Kotor Risan
Leptis Magna
Lower German Limes Cologne was promoted to a "colonia" by Emperor Claudius in AD 50. (Nomination file, p. 48) - Colonia Ulpia Traiana (Xanten) was elevated to a Roman colony by Emperor Trajan around 100 AD. (wiki)
Lyon Lugdunum
Maison Carrée of Nîmes Nîmes became a Roman colony as Colonia Nemausus sometime before 28 BCE (wiki)
Medina of Sousse Hadrumetum
Mudejar Architecture of Aragon La Seo Cathedral in Zaragoza is located above the ancient Roman forum of Caesaraugusta.
Mérida Emerita Augusta
Nice Cimiez (Cemenelum)
Old City of Jerusalem Colonia Aelia Capitolina
Oporto Romans establisned a town there in the 1st century bc, under the name of Portus <= the port>. (AB ev)
Orange Colonia Julia Firma Secundanorum Arausio
Paris, Banks of the Seine Lutetia
Pont du Gard Was built to meet the needs of the colony Nemausu
Regensburg Regensburg was known as Castra Regina, there was a large Roman military post and a town; remains are left from the Porta Praetoria
Tarraco Tarraco
Tauric Chersonese It was subject to Rome from the middle of the 1st century BC until the 370s AD (wiki)
Timgad Timgad was created ex nihilo as a military colony by the Emperor Trajan in AD 100. (official description)


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