Srebarna Nature Reserve

Srebarna Nature Reserve
Photo by Els Slots.

Srebarna Nature Reserve is a lake and wetland habitat on the bird migration route between Europe and Africa.

It comprises Lake Srebarna and its surroundings, which are located on the west bank of the Danube River. It is home to some 180 bird species, both breeding and migrating. Among the most interesting waterfowl are the Dalmatian Pelican, Pygmy Cormorant, Great White Egret, Glossy Ibis and Spoonbill.

Community Perspective: It is very similar in scenery and bird list to the Danube Delta, less than 200km away. Near the lake lies a small visitor center / museum, and from the surrounding hills you can observe the birdlife. Tsunami managed to visit on public transport, while Nan and Els entered during the 2018 WH Community Meeting, where they were educated by birder Peter and shocked by the upkeep. Clyde has provided some birding tips.

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Malta - 24-Feb-24 -

Srebarna Nature Reserve by Clyde

I visited this WHS in 2023. Knowing that this was one of the lowest ranking WHS in our community, I made sure to visit it first before the Danube Delta in Romania and I decided to spend two nights here to be able to explore more of the reserve at appropriate times of the day (i.e. sunrise and sunset) for more birdlife activity, as opposed to a touch-and-go experience.

Getting here by car in the summer months means visiting when the landscape is dominated by never-ending sunflower fields and the only hazard you'll meet on the road are the several huge harvesters. Srebarna is a very sleepy village, so much so that there is no grocer or an ATM! We stayed at a very low key B&B just next to the Natural Science/History Museum or Srebarna Nature Reserve Visitor Centre (free entrance on Thursdays) is too far to appreciate the best bird activity'; in fact it is best suited for a panoramic view (with binoculars and telescopes) of the nature reserve and to at least see any birds you missed out in the field ... but stuffed! There is a painted UNESCO and Man and Biosphere sign next to the museum entrance and a couple of new UNESCO WHS inscription boards along the ecotrail.

Years after the 2019 meetup I had missed, the overall upkeep of the ecotrail is now fully "eco", i.e. it has been engulfed by nature. Not only are all the remains of wooden handrails, benches and dustbins taken over by overgrowth, but now even the few gazebos and observation towers are out of bounds, and anyway the view there once was is now fully covered by trees in front of them. The only service I noticed was a not-so-clean portable toilet and the only maintenance is keeping the minor unpaved road/trail free of grass, shrubs and branches. This is a shame as the site has potential for small guided tours or even small boat trips, although this might be against the strict nature reserve policy.

Although visiting around sunrise and sunset are surely the best options to be able to see more bird activity and in larger numbers, these times are also when mosquitoes outnumber birds by far. So make sure to cover yourself from head to toe, and use deet mosquito repellent. That said, whenever you stop hiking to take photos, you'll quickly be literally covered by these pests, and in some way or another, they'll find their way to suck a generous breakfast out of your skin. I've been to several birdwatching experiences, but the one in Srebarna was surely the worst in terms of mosquito bites even with all the precautions taken.

Without any guide, I headed down the road (GPS coordinates 44.10275245017054, 27.062852383278862) and kept on walking (sometimes in ankle high mud) till I reached the lake, connected to the Danube river via a channel, just opposite the Romanian border. There are a couple of makeshift fisherman homes and sheds along the way, towards the end of the "trail", and a couple of reed patches and small islands in the middle of the lake, but other than that there is nothing to see from land. In the early morning and in the late afternoon, you'll definitely see hundreds of pygmy cormorants, cormorants, spoonbills, glossy ibises, wagtails, herons, egrets, bluethroats, coots, ducks, swans, marsh harriers, sparrowhawks, kestrels, etc. feeding close to or in the water. Closer to the muddy banks near the reed patches, you'll be able to spot scores of honey-bee eaters and kingfishers, although the chances of getting a good photo without a mosquito blurring your focus are quite hard. I managed to spot and track some small mammals such as rodents, foxes, a deer and a small boar too. Pay attention as there are lots of spiders and snakes too in the area, especially since it isn't well kept.

The star attraction for most at the Srebarna Nature Reserve, as in the Danube Delta, is probably going to be the Dalmation Pelican. Along the trail I managed to spot several of them in flight, but also some feeding at the lake. The Nature Science Musuem seems to have built a very small wooden jetty and some planks where a number of pelicans love to rest during the day (the binoculars and telescopes point mostly toward this direction for people to get a chance of spotting pelicans). However, most of the Dalmatian pelicans seem to love to congregate on the opposite muddy/sandy bank of the island in large groups. I managed to view this area from a distance using my drone and the aerial views are far better than those from land.

All in all Srebarna Nature Reserve is an important wetland in Eastern Europe, located along the Via Pontica, a bird migration route between Europe and Africa, providing a nesting and migratory habitat for many endangered avifauna. Although I haven't visited yet, it seems to be comparable mostly to the Ichkeul National Park in Tunisia, both in terms of accessibility and in terms of what there is to see for the common visitor/birder.

Els Slots

The Netherlands - 26-Sep-18 -

Srebarna Nature Reserve by Els Slots

In advance, we had a lot of fun with the inclusion of Srebarna on the itinerary of our 2018 WH meetup. At that time it was the worst-rated WHS on our website. Would we be able to collectively raise the score after our visit? Srebarna is a freshwater lake that is an important breeding, transit and wintering place for waterfowl. The lake was originally connected to the nearby Danube - now the two are only connected via a channel. The protected area measures only 6 square kilometers. 75% of it is covered with reeds and other marsh plants.

During the preparations, I had tried to arrange a serious birding guide to show us around - but the few English-speaking ones I was able to track down were guiding elsewhere (even up to Sofia, perhaps a telling sign). Fortunately, we had with us Peter, a fellow world heritage traveller who is also a keen birder. He even prepared a presentation for us. Through this we became acquainted with the 4 most special birds of this area, that lies on the migratory route along the Black Sea: the Dalmatian pelican, the pygmy cormorant, the glossy ibis and the spoonbill.

From the visitor center we first walked down towards the lake. At least, 'in the direction of': around the lake, there is a dirt road that you can also drive by car. The trees and shrubs that separate the road from the shore have grown so high that the lake isn’t visible. At a few spots they have made a lookout point, but even there you are still so far away from the lake that you have to have very good binoculars to observe something on the water. Needless to say – we did not see any birds.

We carried on following the main road to lookout number 3 - quite an exercise in the hot sun. From there, having seen nothing again, we turned back through the bushes via what once seemed to have been a trail. Tree branches regularly block the passage and the grass has grown high. The picnic benches along the route are gradually becoming overgrown with plants.

It got better when we followed an arrow with something like 'eco-nature trail' painted on it. This brought us to a higher area, from where there is a good overview of the lake. Here you should be able to see the colonies of Dalmatian pelicans. However, we mainly saw swans and ducks (of the kind that you see every day in the Netherlands). Fortunately, in the end, we still discovered a highlight on a reed island: a cormorant, which according to our birdwatcher could only be a pygmy cormorant. A 'special' species ticked off after all!

A day later, part of our group visited the Danube Delta about 230 km across the border in Romania (I was already there in 2010). Videos of dozens of Dalmatian pelicans taking off from the river flooded our whatsapp group. Without any effort, they saw all the species that should also be in Srebarna. The Romanian site was listed 8 years after Srebarna, but shows a so much better example of wetland ecosystems in this part of the world that has allowed Srebarna to become world heritage should actually be considered a mistake.


Germany - 19-Sep-18 -

Srebarna Nature Reserve by Nan

As part of our community meetup in Eastern Bulgaria, we decided to tackle the at the time worst rated site: Srebarna. Srebarna is meant to represent the ecosystem of a contributary lake to the Danube. The Bulgarians also argue that it's a good birding site. When we came, though, birds were in as short supply as were other visitors or tour guides for that matter.

Peter was so kind to prepare some material to provide context. But without birds present it didn't help much that day. Indeed, Peter was adamant that Srebarna is not a very unique birding site simply on account of the limited diversity of the bird populations.

My personal impression was fairly underwhelming and I can see the following reasons:

  • Size: It's a fairly small national park.
  • No wow factor: The site doesn't have anything outstanding, e.g. a unique species or a great scenery.
  • Accessibility: There are very few trails and it's really hard to explore the site.
  • Upkeep: The site is really in bad shape. Trails are overgrown and several installations have fallen into disrepair. See Els' pictures.

To me the accessbility point is the key short coming of the site. You can't even get down to the lake proper. I did expect some learning trails taking you into the different parts of the ecosystem with some explanation boards: "This is a world heritage site and this is our claim to fame!" But no. For birding some dedicated platforms would have helped. If the Bulgarians need any ideas, Donana NP and Everglades NP could serve as templates.

On a certain level I can see that OUV should not be tied to questions as upkeep or accessibility. But it's really hard to appreciate or even just to identify it without. The end result is that Srebarna remains one of our lowest rated sites and deservedly so.

PS: The next day Philipp and I made good use of Peter's presentation. The diversity in the Danube Delta is immense and it was kind of hard to spot all the birds; there were just too many of them around. So if you are in the area and interested in wildlife, go to the Danube Delta.


Japan / USA / Europe - 08-Jun-17 -

Srebarna Nature Reserve by Tsunami

I got on a pontoon pushed by a ship from Calarasi, Romania, crossing the Danube / border to Silistra, Bulgaria.

Staying overnight in Silistra, I visited the Srebarna Nature Reserve WHS by bus. The sign at the bus stop for Bus 22 (located at 44°06'49.4"N 27°15'10.8"E) says it runs from 5:15 on but does not say exactly what time. So instead of milling around waiting for the bus at the bus stop, I decided to take another bus from the main bus station a few hundred meters away to the city of Ruse at 9:30 and get off at the entrance to the village of Srebarna.

As soon as I got off the bus at the entrance, an old lady who also got out of the bus just waved to the first car she saw to get a ride into the village, and I was at the visitor center/museum for the WHS in no time.

I first checked out the museum and then walked out to the lake. There were two groups of pelicans nesting in different shores of the lake.

This site is just one lake, so it wasn't as extraordinary and impressive as the Danube Delta.

Read more from Tsunami here.

John booth

New Zealand - 07-Dec-12 -

Srebarna Nature Reserve by john booth

Bus no.22 from outside Silistra station dropped me at the Visitor Centre in Srebarna village.

After viewing the exhibits at the centre's museum I set of along several paths, one leading to the lake edge where fishing was in progress. Another path led northwards around the lake, affording views over the lake. At intervals were information boards with maps and details of the wildlife to be found in the vicinity.

phil campbell

Wales - 22-Jun-08 -

Yes ,there is no doubt about it that this place is worth a visit if nature is what you are about. The drive from Sofia which takes 5 hours gets nicer as you get closer to SREBARNA in fact the last 15km or so reminded me of parts of Wales (beautiful countryside. The place is looking tired but a new mayor has been appointed 6 months ago (Jan 2008) who is a local of the village and has set about 'tidying' the place up. A place to watch in the furture I think and that was why I bought property there overlooking the lovely lake !


UK - 21-May-06 -

Srebarna Nature Reserve by Solivagant

I can conceive of only 2 reasons why a tourist would visit Srebarna, tucked away as it is in NE Bulgaria close to the Romanian border – either you are a keen ornithologist or a keen WHS collector. We fitted both categories and visited it in 2000.

The site, just south of the Danube, consists of a lake (formed from an old ox-bow of the river to which it used to be connected until a dyke was built) and an area of marshes where the land drops at the edge of the eponymous village. Most of it is a “Strict Reserve” and closed to visitors. However, the reserve has an Ecological Research and Visitor Station. The latter is a pleasant facility containing an exhibition of stuffed birds and a terrace with a reasonable view over the marshes When we were there the station was very quiet and perhaps a bit “tired” – the exhibits seemed aimed mainly at groups of school children/students who, no doubt, made up most of the visitors when it was built in earlier “Communist days”. From the station a trail leads to a viewpoint overlooking a pelican colony – this is one of very few breeding sites for the Dalmatian Pelican. The scenery (photo) with its reed beds is vaguely reminiscent of the Danube Delta (less than 200kms away across the border) and the bird list is very similar. In fact most of the birds can be seen in the surrounding area without needing to enter the reserve. Around 100 species of birds nest there and its position on the “migratory flyway” means that another 80 or so visit it but, as the IUCN recommendation states, “its small size means that the quantities of birds are not comparable to other larger wetlands”. Nevertheless, as the recommendation also states, “the site is important on a European scale” and it features in books and articles on “Where to watch birds in Europe”.

As would be expected, most of the “wetland biospheres” which make it onto the WHS list are already RAMSAR (Wetland) and UNESCO World Biosphere reserve (WBS) inscribed and Srebarna is no exception. Worldwide there are around 1600 of the former and 480 of the latter and dual designation is not that uncommon. However whether it should also have received the third (and highest?) accolade of “WHS” is perhaps less clear (there are only 160 natural WHS). In so doing it joins undoubted World-class wetland locations like Donana, Pantonal, Danube Delta and Everglades. It is relatively unusual for a natural site to get inscribed on the basis of just 1 of the 4 available criteria (none of the above 4 examples was and I think that, of similar sites, only Ichkeul in Tunisia does so). Yet Srebarna was accepted on the sole basis of Criterion 4 – i.e. it “contain(s) the most important and significant natural habitats for in-situ conservation of biological diversity,” Can this small site really meet even that criterion? The Dalmatian Pelican colony isn’t the biggest in Europe (I believe that is in Greece) and (as far as I am aware) the site lacks the White Pelican (whereas both species breed in the Danube Delta). However Bulgaria has always been very active in gaining WHS inscription from the earliest days of the scheme (8 out of 160 worldwide after 6 years when Srebarna was added in 1983) and also in establishing Biosphere Reserves (it has an amazing 16 sites, only beaten in Europe (not counting Asiatic Russia), I believe, by Spain) so I guess that the inscription is at very least “due reward” for playing the bureaucratic game well!

Site Info

Full Name
Srebarna Nature Reserve
Unesco ID
Natural landscape - Rivers, Wetlands and Lakes

Site History

2003 Removed from Danger list

1992 In Danger

"series of upstream interferences, including the Iron Gates Dam, have permanently altered the natural hydrology of the Danube River in the region and that of Srebarna, located downstream along the river"

1983 Inscribed


The site has 1 locations

Srebarna Nature Reserve


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Religion and Belief
WHS Hotspots
WHS on Other Lists
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