Al-Ahsa Oasis, an Evolving Cultural Landscape, is one of the largest natural agricultural palm oases in the world.
Al-Ahsa has been inhabited since prehistoric times, due to its abundance of water in an otherwise arid region. This is a serial site of 12 locations. They comprise palm groves, castles, urban centers, archaeological sites, villages, Jawatha mosque and Al-Asfar Lake.
Map of Al-Ahsa Oasis
- ●● Cultural
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Full name: Al-Ahsa Oasis, an evolving Cultural Landscape
Unesco ID: 1563
- Saudi Arabia
Criteria: 3 4 5
- 2018 - Advisory Body overruled From Not to Inscribe to Inscription (amendment prepared by Kuwait and others)
- 2018 - Inscribed
- 2015 - Revision includes former TWHS Ibrahim Palace (Hufuf) and Sahud Palace (Al-Mabraz) both 1988
The site has 12 locations. Show all
- Al-Ahsa Oasis: ‘Ain Qinas archaeological site
- Al-Ahsa Oasis: Al-‘Oyun Village
- Al-Ahsa Oasis: Al-Asfar Lake
- Al-Ahsa Oasis: As Seef
- Al-Ahsa Oasis: Eastern Oasis
- Al-Ahsa Oasis: Jawatha archaeological site
- Al-Ahsa Oasis: Jawatha Mosque
- Al-Ahsa Oasis: Northern Oasis
- Al-Ahsa Oasis: Qasr Ibrahim
- Al-Ahsa Oasis: Qasr Khuzam
- Al-Ahsa Oasis: Qasr Sahood
- Al-Ahsa Oasis: Souq Al-Qaisariyah
The site has 12 connections. Show all
- Mangroves: At Al-Asfar Lake (AB ev)
- Neolithic age: The earliest occupation of Al-Ahsa is in the location of the present Al-Hofuf, where remains from pre-ceramic Neolithic culture (before 6000 BCE) have been found. (AB ev)
- Ottoman Empire: Qasr Ibrahim in the city center of Al-Hofuf is the main architectural built heritage from the Ottoman period of Al-Hofuf (AB ev)
- Palm Groves: numerous densely cultivated palm groves (AB ev)
- Sea Ports: Al Uquair Port
- Irrigation and drainage: The circular urban shape of the villages of Al-Ahsa resulted from an irrigation canal on one side and a drainage canal on the other side circling the village as a result of the developed water management systems in Al-Ahsa (AB ev)
Religion and Belief
- Mosque: Jawatha Mosque - the earliest mosque built in east Arabia (wiki)
- Built in the 7th century: Jawatha Mosque ( c. 629 AD) + "Al-Ahsa reached its maximum integration and size during the Islamic period (from 661 to the 10th century CE)." (AB ev)
World Heritage Process
- Derived from more than one TWHS: former TWHS Ibrahim Palace (Hufuf) and Sahud Palace (Al-Mabraz) both 1988
1 community members have visited Al-Ahsa Oasis.