Chichen Itza
Gebel Berkal

World Heritage Site

for World Heritage Travellers

Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire was a Turkish-ruled state spanning much of Southeastern Europe, the Middle East and North Africa (1299-1922). Connected sites must have visible remains from that era.

The connection belongs to History connections.

Connected Sites

  • Al-Hijr: Ottoman Fort (built from 1744 to 1757 to protect the pilgrimage route to Mecca)
  • Aleppo: Ruled by Ottomans, remains of that era include Ahmadiyya Madrasa, Ahmad Pasha Khan, Adiliyya Mosque and other mosques and residences
  • Berat and Gjirokastra: Well-preserved Ottoman town.
  • Budapest: Kiraly, Racs, Rudas Baths
  • Bursa and Cumalikizik: birthplace of the Ottoman Empire in the early 14th century, contains tomb of Orhan Ghazi, the founder of the Ottoman dynasty
  • Damascus: Part of empire from 1517-1864. Visible remains for example in Fethiyye Madrasa, Ahmed Semsi Pasha Complex. Link
  • Diyarbakir Fortress and Hevsel Gardens: In 1515, after taking Amid, the Ottoman Empire further developed trade, built new public (commercial, religious and cultural) structures and contributed to the renewal of the city. The Ottoman period extended until 1922. (AB ev)
  • Erbil Citadel: "The Citadel features a peculiar fan-like pattern, dating back to Erbil's late Ottoman phase" (AB ev)
  • Hebron/Al-Khalil Old Town
  • Historic Cairo: Part of empire from 16th century until 1867. Visible remains for example in ornamentation at the Harem Palaces at the Citadel, Ibrahim Agha Mustahfizan House-Waqf e.a. Link
  • Historic Jeddah: from 1517 to 1916
  • Istanbul: Capital of the Ottoman Empire.
  • Kasbah of Algiers: Ottoman influences
  • Medina of Tunis
  • Mehmed Paša Sokolović Bridge: Example of Ottoman architecture and engineering
  • Mostar: Chief administrative city for the Ottoman Empire in the Herzegovina region.
  • Mystras
  • Ohrid Region: "In the late 14th century Ohrid fell to the Ottoman Empire. The Ottomans converted a number of churches and monasteries into mosques but tolerated the Ohrid Archiepiscopate"
  • Old City of Acre: Ottoman walled town.
  • Old City of Jerusalem
  • Paphos: Paphos Castle was restored and extended by the Ottomans
  • Pergamon: The city fell to the Ottomans in 1345, then briefly to the Mongols under Timur before being taken again by the Ottomans under Murat II (1421-1451)(AB ev)
  • Rhodes: After 1522 the island was a possession of the Ottoman Empire for nearly four centuries
  • Safranbolu
  • Selimiye Mosque: Example of Ottoman architecture in Edirne
  • Zabid Link


Do you know of another WHS we could connect to Ottoman Empire?

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A connection should:

  1. Not be "self evident"
  2. Link at least 3 different sites
  3. Not duplicate or merely subdivide the "Category" assignment already identified on this site.
  4. Add some knowledge or insight (whether significant or trivial!) about WHS for the users of this site
  5. Be explained, with reference to a source