Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire was a Turkish-ruled state spanning much of Southeastern Europe, the Middle East and North Africa (1299-1922). Connected sites must have visible remains from that era.

Connected Sites

Site Rationale Link
Al-Ahsa Oasis Qasr Ibrahim in the city center of Al-Hofuf is the main architectural built heritage from the Ottoman period of Al-Hofuf (AB ev)
Aleppo Ruled by Ottomans, remains of that era include Ahmadiyya Madrasa, Ahmad Pasha Khan, Adiliyya Mosque and other mosques and residences
As-Salt As-Salt was a prominent frontier Ottoman trading centre between the mid-19th and early 20th centuries (AB ev)
Berat and Gjirokastra Well-preserved Ottoman town.
Budapest Kiraly, Racs, Rudas Baths
Bursa and Cumalikizik birthplace of the Ottoman Empire in the early 14th century, contains tomb of Orhan Ghazi, the founder of the Ottoman dynasty
Damascus Part of empire from 1517-1864. Visible remains for example in Fethiyye Madrasa, Ahmed Semsi Pasha Complex.
Diyarbakir Fortress and Hevsel Gardens In 1515, after taking Amid, the Ottoman Empire further developed trade, built new public (commercial, religious and cultural) structures and contributed to the renewal of the city. The Ottoman period extended until 1922. (AB ev)
Erbil Citadel "The Citadel features a peculiar fan-like pattern, dating back to Erbil's late Ottoman phase" (AB ev)
Hebron/Al-Khalil Old Town "During the long period of Ottoman rule (1517-1917), art and architecture were strongly influenced by Istanbul, capital of the Empire. The town expanded and extensions and additional floors were added to existing buildings" (AB ev)
Hegra Ottoman Fort (built from 1744 to 1757 to protect the pilgrimage route to Mecca)
Historic Cairo Part of empire from 16th century until 1867. Visible remains for example in ornamentation at the Harem Palaces at the Citadel, Ibrahim Agha Mustahfizan House-Waqf e.a.
Historic Jeddah from 1517 to 1916
Istanbul Capital of the Ottoman Empire.
Kairouan "The Ottomans safeguarded Kairouan as the place in which Islam gained its first foothold in the Maghreb."
Kasbah of Algiers Ottoman influences
Medina of Tunis Several historic mosques date to this period, such as the Sidi Youssef Dey Mosque (1631), and houses of rich merchants.
Mehmed Paša Sokolović Bridge Example of Ottoman architecture and engineering
Mostar Chief administrative city for the Ottoman Empire in the Herzegovina region.
Ohrid Region "In the late 14th century Ohrid fell to the Ottoman Empire. The Ottomans converted a number of churches and monasteries into mosques but tolerated the Ohrid Archiepiscopate"
Old City of Acre Ottoman walled town.
Old City of Jerusalem "In 1516, Jerusalem was taken over by the Ottoman Empire along with all of Greater Syria and enjoyed a period of renewal and peace under Suleiman the Magnificent, including the construction of the walls, which define until today what is now known as the Old City of Jerusalem." (wiki)
Paphos The Lusignan manor house that now serves as the Palaipahos Museum, served as the centre of administration for the local Ottoman chiflik and aspects of the building date from this era.
Pergamon The city fell to the Ottomans in 1345, then briefly to the Mongols under Timur before being taken again by the Ottomans under Murat II (1421-1451)(AB ev)
Rhodes After 1522 the island was a possession of the Ottoman Empire for nearly four centuries
Safranbolu "it set a standard in public and domestic architecture that exercised a great influence on urban development over a large area of the Ottoman Empire" (OUV)
Selimiye Mosque Example of Ottoman architecture in Edirne
Zagori Cultural Landscape "The central squares also usually feature a church, a fountain or a cistern, and an amelikó built during Ottoman rule (mid-15th to early 19th centuries) to host visitors such as merchants and craftspeople" (AB ev)


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A connection should:

  1. Not be "self evident"
  2. Link at least 3 different sites
  3. Not duplicate or merely subdivide the "Category" assignment already identified on this site.
  4. Add some knowledge or insight (whether significant or trivial!) about WHS for the users of this site
  5. Be explained, with reference to a source