Barberton Makhonjwa Mountains
Barberton Makhonjwa Mountains is a range of small mountains best known for having some of the oldest exposed rocks on Earth.
The rocks are estimated to be between 3.2 and 3.6 billion years old, dating from the Paleoarchean. Scientists have also found evidence of the largest terrestrial meteor impact event to date near the area.
Map of Barberton Makhonjwa Mountains
- ●● Natural
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Full name: Barberton Makhonjwa Mountains
Unesco ID: 1575
- South Africa
- 2018 - Inscribed
- 2018 - Advisory Body overruled IUCN advised Referral
The site has 6 connections.
- Meteorite impact: meteorite-impact fallback breccias dating to just after the end of The Great Bombardment (4.6 to 3.8 billion years ago) (AB ev)
- On National Border: South African border with Swaziland
- Gold production: Barberton was established during the 1884 Barberton Gold Rush, and gold has been mined in Barberton nearly continuously since that time (AB ev)
- Archean: the best-preserved, thick and diverse succession of volcanic and sedimentary rocks dating back 3.6 to 3.25 billion years to the early part of the Archean Eon (AB ev)
- Named after individual people: "The town was named after Graham Hoare Barber (1835-1888) who discovered a rich gold-bearing reef there in 1884" - Wiki
World Heritage Process
- Inscribed on a single criterion only: crit viii