Historical Food Remains

Connected Sites

Site Rationale Link
Ancient Thebes Tutanchamon Tomb (3,000 year old doum fruit)
Biblical Tells Wheat grains at Tel Hazor
Caves of Maresha and Bet Guvrin Chicken bones at Maresha
Caves of Yagul and Mitla corn cob fragments
Cilento and Vallo di Diano Small underground temple: "It's interesting to note that traces of two-thousand-year-old honey were found in some of the vases."
Danube Limes Passau Boiotro – Kastell (ID No 9b): In 1975 and 1977 charred plant remains were found in a layer of clay from the Horreums, which could be identified as grains of wheat, rye, barley and millet.
Djenné The discovery of organic remains, among which were a large number of African rice grains, shed much light on how the cultivation of rice developed (AB evaluation).
Frontiers of the Roman Empire carbonated remains of grains at Saalburg
Gyeongju Excert from National Geographic Magazine (August 1988) Kyongju, Where Korea Began by Cathy Newman (Concerning the Heavenly Horse Tomb) "We also found eggs in the coffin." "Eggs?" "Seven Eggs. One or two actually intact. To nourish the dead."
Incense Route of the Negev Shivta
Joya de Ceren ICOMOS : "the objects recovered constitute a virtual inventory of their contents at the moment of eruption .... and a variety of foods ncluding maize, beans, chilis and cocoa beans"
L'Anse aux Meadows Butternuts
Lenggong Valley Gua Kajang: "During the 1917 excavation, fragments of pottery, stone tools, food residues and human skeletal remains were uncovered."
Lopé-Okanda Nuts and crops
Mapungubwe Bones and ostrich eggs
Masada wheat, olives and dates
Medina Azahara historical food remains (discovered in the sewage)
Prehistoric Pile Dwellings Besides stores of grain and waste from processing cereals, remnants of food have also been found on ceramic vessels in pile-dwelling sites; these include various types of stews, por- ridges and probably also baked goods.
Pyramids (Memphis) Blocks of halloumi cheese preserved for 2,600 years at Saqqara
Rapa Nui Palm nuts and animal bones were found in caves on the island.
Rome Archaeologists found seeds of fruits such as figs, grapes and melons in the drainage system under the Colosseum in Rome. Traces of olives and nuts were also found. These were probably eaten by the spectators as snacks.
Shahr-i Sokhta During these investigations several categories of botanical remains such as cereals (grains and legumes),fruits, spices and wood were studied. (Nom File)
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley fossilised maize
Tsodilo fish bones and ostrich eggs


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