Late Medieval Bastioned Fortifications in Greece

Late Medieval Bastioned Fortifications in Greece is part of the Tentative list of Greece in order to qualify for inclusion in the World Heritage List.

Click here for a short description of the site, as delivered by the state party.

Map of Late Medieval Bastioned Fortifications in Greece

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The coordinates shown for all tentative sites were produced as a community effort. They are not official and may change on inscription.

Community Reviews

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Nan

Germany - 09-Sep-20 -

Late Medieval Bastioned Fortifications in Greece (T) by Nan

When exploring the Eastern Peloponnese I based myself in Nafplio. Three components of the tentative site are in town, one in the bay on an island. and two on hills overlooking the town

These fortifications were important as they were used by the Byzantines and later the Venetians to foster trade. Being accessible by sea, they could be supplied from sea and could keep their independence, even if the land outside the city walls was governed by a different entity, e.g. Slavs, Arabs or Ottomans.

OUV

While the fortifications in and around Nafplio are nice, they pale in comparison to Rhodes and Corfu. Corfu is the Venetian fortification in Greece. Rhodes is the crusader castle. Both are already inscribed. I don't see what inscribing them a second time would bring as benefit. Nafplio on it's own would not make the list. And looking at Ilya's review, neither would the Crete ones.

Getting There

For Rhodes and Corfu, see their respective page. For Nafplio, you have frequent connections to Athens by bus and one connection per day to Tripoli.

While You Are There

Nafplio is a pleasant town and a good base to visit the two WHS in the area (Mycene and Epidauros). In Argos, you also find another serial tentative site in the amphitheatres of Greece.


Ilya Burlak

USA - 14-Feb-19 -

Late Medieval Bastioned Fortifications in Greece (T) by Ilya Burlak

My visit to this site was rather marginal. During a stay in central Crete in the summer of 2018, I explored Heraklion for about half a day. Included in the itinerary for that excursion was a stop at the fortress of Rocca al Mare, or Koules, which guards the city harbor.

The cost to enter is fairly negligible and the required time allocation does not exceed an hour, so even though it is not rising to the level of exceptional, on balance it is a reasonable point of interest to explore. The interior spaces hold a small historical and archaeological exposition (in addition to offering a cool respite from the summer heat). The ramparts offer excellent perspectives onto the town and out to the sea. It is from the ramparts that you can best observe the remains of Heraklion's town walls along its quays. The glass-covered dozen or so skylights in the roof add a bit of unwelcome modern touch to the impression made by the fort.

I have mixed feelings about fortifications on the WH list when they do not present as a fully integrated ensemble with the city that they are meant to protect. Based on this minimal evidence, I do not feel that Heraklion's fortifications are worth the WH status, but I obviously have to reserve my opinion of the full site until I visit other proposed locations.

Read more from Ilya Burlak here.


Full Name
Late Medieval Bastioned Fortifications in Greece
Country
Greece
Added
2014
Link
By ID
2014 Added to Tentative List

The site has 11 locations

Late Medieval Bastioned Fortifications in Greece: Corfu (T)
Late Medieval Bastioned Fortifications in Greece: Zakynthos (T)
Late Medieval Bastioned Fortifications in Greece: Koroni (T)
Late Medieval Bastioned Fortifications in Greece: Methoni (T)
Late Medieval Bastioned Fortifications in Greece: Bourtzi, Argolis (T)
Late Medieval Bastioned Fortifications in Greece: Palamidi, Argolis (T)
Late Medieval Bastioned Fortifications in Greece: Akronafplia, Argolis (T)
Late Medieval Bastioned Fortifications in Greece: Heraklion (T)
Late Medieval Bastioned Fortifications in Greece: Chania (T)
Late Medieval Bastioned Fortifications in Greece: Rhodes (T)
Late Medieval Bastioned Fortifications in Greece: Mytilini (T)
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