Avila: "At Ávila the cathedral was incorporated into the city wall" (wiki)
Baroque Churches: Nuestra Senora de la Asuncion in Santa Maria
Cracow: St. Andrew's Church, "a rare surviving example of the European fortress church used for defensive purposes" (wiki)
Durham Castle and Cathedral: Cathedral: "Durham Cathedral was also partly fortified and known as 'half fortress against the Scot'."
Mount Athos: "The entire guarding and defending system was pointed towards the enemy coming from the sea. He came up against the fortification of the shore (fortified harbors and towers), then against the fortifications of the monasteries that could held out until the outside help arrived. During the Ottoman domination there was an army body to protect the monasteries."
Novodevichy Convent: the whole complex is protected by Fortress-like wall
Popocatepetl monasteries: "These monasteries were built very solid with thick walls and very austere. In some of the complexes, one can see stone merlons which make the complexes look like castles or forts. These were for defensive purposes as the monks were invading Mesoamerican lands to impose a new religion. For this reason, churches and monasteries of this type are called "fortress temples." (wiki)
Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France: St. Avit Sénieur in the Dordogne
Saint Catherine Area: Monastery
Santa Cruz de Mompox: "The churches also served as forts in the earlier years of the city."
Southern Öland: Hulterstad, Remso
Trinity Sergius Lavra: Sergiev Posad - the whole complex is protected by Fortress (posad in russian means fortress)
Upper Middle Rhine Valley: fortified church in Oberwesel
Wachau Cultural Landscape: Weissenkirchen Church
Wudang Mountains: the upper complex is protected by high wall similar to the Beijing's Forbidden City
Yaroslavl: The Spaso-Preobrazhensky Monastery in Yaroslavl was built to be a citadel in times of war. The monastery is surrounded by a thick 16th century, white-painted wall, complete with watchtowers and embattlements.
Do you know of another WHS we could connect to Fortified religious buildings?
A connection should:
- Not be "self evident"
- Link at least 3 different sites
- Not duplicate or merely subdivide the "Category" assignment already identified on this site.
- Add some knowledge or insight (whether significant or trivial!) about WHS for the users of this site
- Be explained, with reference to a source