Lake Turkana National Parks is a group of three national parks. Reasons for the park's importance include its use as a stopping point for migratory birds, as a breeding ground for the Nile crocodile, hippopotamus, and snakes. It also contains both animal and hominid fossils in the Koobi Fora deposits which are unique in the world.
Lake Turkana National Parks consist of Sibiloi National Park and two islands on Lake Turkana (South Island and Central Island).
Map of Lake Turkana
- ●● Natural
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Full name: Lake Turkana National Parks
Unesco ID: 801
Inscribed: 1997 In Danger
Criteria: 8 10
- 2018 - In Danger Threats come from Dam in Ethiopia (already complete), plus sugar developments and the LAPSSETT project
- 2001 - Extended To include South Island National Park
- 2001 - Name change From "Sibiloi/Central Island National Parks" to "Lake Turkana National Parks"
- 1997 - Deferred Bureau - Need to sort out Natural aspects (Mammal fossils) from Cultural (Hominid) even though Kenya only nominated under natural criteria
- 1997 - Inscribed
The site has 3 locations.
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- Early Hominid Remains: Human fossils (at Koobi Fora) include the remains of Australopithecus robustus, Homo habilis, Homo erectus and Homo sapiens.
- Total Solar Eclipse since Inscription: 3 November, 2013
WHS on Other Lists
- World Biosphere Reserves: Mount Kulal recognised as a Biosphere Reserve under the UNESCO Man and Biosphere Programme (700,000 ha. Includes South Island and the waters of Lake Turkana). (UNEP-WCMC)
- U.S. Ambassadors Fund : Preservation of the Cultural Heritage of the Lake Turkana Region in Northern Kenya (2007)
- IUCN Conservation Outlook Assessment Critical Link