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World Heritage Site

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Lake Turkana

Lake Turkana

Lake Turkana National Parks is a group of three national parks. Reasons for the park's importance include its use as a stopping point for migratory birds, as a breeding ground for the Nile crocodile, hippopotamus, and snakes. It also contains both animal and hominid fossils in the Koobi Fora deposits which are unique in the world.

Lake Turkana National Parks consist of Sibiloi National Park and two islands on Lake Turkana (South Island and Central Island).

Map of Lake Turkana


  • Natural

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Site Info

Full name: Lake Turkana National Parks

Unesco ID: 801

Inscribed: 1997 In Danger

Type: Natural

Criteria: 8   10  

Link: By Name By ID

Site History

  • 2018 - In Danger Threats come from Dam in Ethiopia (already complete), plus sugar developments and the LAPSSETT project
  • 2001 - Extended To include South Island National Park
  • 2001 - Name change From "Sibiloi/Central Island National Parks" to "Lake Turkana National Parks"
  • 1997 - Deferred Bureau - Need to sort out Natural aspects (Mammal fossils) from Cultural (Hominid) even though Kenya only nominated under natural criteria
  • 1997 - Inscribed 


The site has 3 locations.

  • Lake Turkana: Central Island Marsabit District in Eastern Province, Kenya
  • Lake Turkana: Sibiloi National Park Marsabit District in Eastern Province, Kenya
  • Lake Turkana: South Island Marsabit District in Eastern Province, Kenya


The site has 22 connections.





  • Early Hominid Remains: Human fossils (at Koobi Fora) include the remains of Australopithecus robustus, Homo habilis, Homo erectus and Homo sapiens.

Individual People


  • Pliocene: This property's main geological features stem from the Pliocene and Holocene periods (4million to 10,000 years old). (Nom file)
  • Early Pleistocene: oldest hominid remains are 2 million years old


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