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World Heritage Site

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Air and Téneré

Air and Téneré

Air and Ténéré Natural Reserves includes the volcanic massif of the Aïr Mountains, a Sahelian island isolated in climate, flora and fauna in the surrounding Saharan desert of Ténéré.

It contains an outstanding variety of landscapes, plant species and wild animals. One-sixth of the reserve is a sanctuary for addax, a critically endangered species of antilope.

Map of Air and Téneré


  • Natural

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Site Info

Full name: Air and Téneré Natural Reserves

Unesco ID: 573

Inscribed: 1991 In Danger

Type: Natural

Criteria: 7   9   10  

Link: By Name By ID

Site History

  • 1992 - In Danger region in which this site is situated has been affected by civil disturbance
  • 1991 - Inscribed 


The site has 1 locations.

  • Air and Téneré


The site has 18 connections.



  • Critically endangered fauna species: dama gazelle, Saharan cheetah
  • Animal Migrations: The massif of the Aïr also constitutes a transit zone for a large number of afrotropical and palaearctic migratory birds. (unesco website)
  • Dunes: The "live dunes" of the Ténéré are an example of erosion under way the landscape is rapidly modified on a geological time scale by the displacement and deposition of sand (AB ev)
  • Ratites: common ostrich
  • Strict Nature Reserve: Sanctuaire des Addax


  • Sahara
  • Sahel: The Aïr constitutes a Sahelian enclave surrounded by a Saharian desert (AB ev)


  • Songhai Empire: Became the furthest northern outpost of the Songhai Empire in the early 16th century - until recaptured by the Tuareg later in the century
  • Neolithic age: Palaeolithic and Neolithic archaeological sites are found at many locations in the reserve, as are rock engraving sites. (unesco website)

Human Activity


  • Proterozoic: La zone du socle précambrien de l'Aïr est composée de dépôts de roches sédimentaires plissées et métamorphisées (gneiss, schistes) et de roches volcaniques datant du Protérozoïque inférieur. (wiki fr)

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World Heritage Process


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