Underwater Archaeology

Sites with underwater remains in the core zone.

Connected Sites

Site Rationale Link
Al Zubarah "Presenting the results of surveys and excavations carried out in the property and its wider setting, including underwater archaeology, that have already permitted the understanding of the origins of the town, the basis for its prosperity," (AB ev)
Bikini Atoll The Atomic Tests resulted in the sinking of a large number of "test ships". Their underwater remains are referred to in the Nomination File and are part of the site's OUV, They have been the subject of underwater archaeological studies
Chichen-Itza Cenotes
Giant's Causeway The Site contains a Historic Wreck Site safeguarded under the Protection of Wrecks Act 1973, the Girona. This wreck represents a significant period in European history. On 26th October 1588, the Girona, a galleas of the Spanish Armada, sank of Lacada Point, some three months after sailing from La Corunna. Only 1300 of the 5,00 0 men survived the sinking of the Girona, which is remembered in the name of the bay close to where she sank, Port Na Spaniagh.
Hedeby and Danevirke Location 1553-019 "Offshore Work"
Ibiza The site has more than ten underwater archaeological sites of the Late Bronze Age which have revealed the extent of early trade in the western Mediterranean (UNEP-WCMC)
Nan Madol
Old City of Acre In addition to archaeological findings on land, archaeologists have discovered remnants from various periods under the sea, such as gravel quarry, sea wall, towers and sunken vessels together with their cargoes. (nom file)
Petroglyphs of the Lake Onega and the White Sea "In 1972-1979, the research team of U.A. Savvateev performed purposeful and continuous field work in the Lake Onega and surrounding Prehistoric dwellings. (...) 11 new clusters were discovered in the course of the field works with a few figures discovered underwater in breakaway granite blocks in the vicinity to the capes (Kladovec Nos, Besov Nos, Peri Nos, Kareckij Nos). (...) Underwater studies, launched by U. A. Savvateev in 1972-73, were also continued. In 2008-2010, another granite slab with rock art near the cape Kladovec Nos was discovered by divers from Saint Petersburg." (Nomination file,
Prehistoric Pile Dwellings Almost all of the dwellings are completely or largely underwater
Red Bay Basque Whaling Station the most comprehensive and earliest terrestrial and underwater archaeological testimony of European Transatlantic whaling (AB ev)
Tyre to include the underwater archaeological remains located to the south of the city (boundary change 2013)


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A connection should:

  1. Not be "self evident"
  2. Link at least 3 different sites
  3. Not duplicate or merely subdivide the "Category" assignment already identified on this site.
  4. Add some knowledge or insight (whether significant or trivial!) about WHS for the users of this site
  5. Be explained, with reference to a source