Summer residences

WHS connected with sites created as or containing significant numbers of summer residences for rulers and ruling classes to escape from the heat and bustle of the capital

Connected Sites

Site Rationale Link
Lushan National Park "In addition there are around 600 villas built by Chinese and foreign visitors in the late 19th and 20th centuries, when the area became a popular resort and was, during the 1930s and 40s the official Summer Capital of the Republic of China." (UNESCO)
M'Zab Valley "The living pattern of the Ibadis of the M'zab Valley included a seasonal migration. Each summer, the population settled in palm groves, where the "summer cities" were marked by the looser organization of their settlememts" AB. The structures include a summer citadel or Ksar
Medici Villas and Gardens Villa di Cafaggiolo (AB ev)
Mountain Railways of India Darjeeling, Shimla and Ootacamund were all developed as locations for the British Raj to escape the heat of the lowlands and the railways were created to give them easy access.
Mountain Resort, Chengde
Potsdam Sanssouci is the former summer palace of Frederick the Great, King of Prussia
Schönbrunn Summer residence of the Habsburg family
Semmering Railway after the railway was built, the Semmering region became a summer resort to wealthy Viennese; also Wartholz Castle was used as official summer residence by Emperor Karl I in 1917 and 1918
St. Petersburg Peterhof Palace, the summer palace of Peter the Great
Summer Palace


Do you know of another WHS we could connect to Summer residences?

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A connection should:

  1. Not be "self evident"
  2. Link at least 3 different sites
  3. Not duplicate or merely subdivide the "Category" assignment already identified on this site.
  4. Add some knowledge or insight (whether significant or trivial!) about WHS for the users of this site
  5. Be explained, with reference to a source