Museum History

WHS containing locations that have been important in international museum history.

Connected Sites

Site Rationale Link
Florence Uffizi: also one of the oldest city museums (together with Statuario Pubblico in Venice); since 1765 open to the public as one of the first modern museums
Mantua and Sabbioneta Mantua: Palazzo Ducala, studiolo of Isabella d?Este, one of the first orientated outwards, to the visitor & symbol of the continuity of the d?Este dynasty
Museumsinsel (Museum Island) Alte Museum (prototype of art museum), Neue Museum (prototype of (cultural) history museum), both examples of the Bildungs-ideal
Paris, Banks of the Seine During the French Revolution (1793), the National Assembly decreed that the Louvre should be used as a museum, to display the nation's masterpieces.
Rome Musei capitolini - "The Musei Capitolini, a peerless and precious ancient-art collection, are traditionally viewed as the world's oldest public museum. In 1471 pope Sixtus IV 'donated" to the Roman People a group of ancient artefacts that had previously been housed in the Lateran, amongst which are the She-Wolf, the city's own symbol, the colossal head of Constantine with hand and globe, the Spinarius and the Camillus."
St. Petersburg Kunstkamera (1718-1734), one of the earliest buildings constructed for use as a museum (by Peter the Great, encyclopedic collection/ cabinet of curiosities)
Vatican City Belvedere ? early 16th century, to present large classical sculptures in courtyards and gardens (designed by Donato Bramante)
Venice and its Lagoon Statuario Pubblico was one of the oldest city museums established by a government for propaganda causes and to educate its people
Vienna In 1776 Maria Theresia and her son, Emperor Joseph II decided to transfer the k.k. Gemäldegalerie (Imperial Picture Gallery) from the Imperial Stables - a part of the city's Hofburg Imperial Palace - to the Upper Belvedere. Inspired by the idea of enlightened absolutism, the intention was to make the imperial collection accessible to the general public. The gallery opened five years later, making it one of the first public museums in the world


Do you know of another WHS we could connect to Museum History?

Send it to me!

A connection should:

  1. Not be "self evident"
  2. Link at least 3 different sites
  3. Not duplicate or merely subdivide the "Category" assignment already identified on this site.
  4. Add some knowledge or insight (whether significant or trivial!) about WHS for the users of this site
  5. Be explained, with reference to a source