Garden City Movement
The garden city movement is a method of urban planning that was initiated in 1898 by Sir Ebenezer Howard in the United Kingdom. Garden cities were intended to be planned, self-contained communities surrounded by "greenbelts", containing proportionate areas of residences, industry and agriculture. (wiki)
- The German Garden City Movement (1902-1931)
|Asmara||"The plan is also an early example of the implementation of urban zoning principles, championed by the contemporaneous Garden City Movement."|
|Berlin Modernism Housing Estates||Gartenstadt Falkenberg|
|Modernist Kaunas||"Žaliakalnis .. was developed as a garden city residential area" (AB ev)|
|Nord-Pas de Calais Mining Basin||For example, in France, the first garden city, which was built in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais coal mining basin from 1904, offered up a new way of looking at housing for workers (see link)|
|Pampulha||"The Pampulha Modern Ensemble was the centre of visionary urban design for part of a ‘Garden City’ promoted by a city administration who were responding to emerging international ideas" (AB ev)|
|Rabat||It is emblematic of rational land use ... through the use of a planted environment drawing on the European 'garden city' concept (AB ev)|
|Rjukan / Notodden||Notodden: "The housing layout reflects garden city ideals ..." (AB ev)|
|Saltaire||Saltaire is an outstanding and well preserved example of a mid 19th century industrial town, the layout of which was to exert a major influence on the development of the "garden city" movement. (OUV)|
|White City of Tel-Aviv||It was conceived as a 'garden city', but with a more urban character than those built earlier. (AB ev)|
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