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World Heritage Site

for World Heritage Travellers

Garden City Movement

The garden city movement is a method of urban planning that was initiated in 1898 by Sir Ebenezer Howard in the United Kingdom. Garden cities were intended to be planned, self-contained communities surrounded by "greenbelts", containing proportionate areas of residences, industry and agriculture. (wiki)

Further reading:
- The German Garden City Movement (1902-1931)

The connection belongs to Architecture connections.

Connected Sites

  • Asmara: "The plan is also an early example of the implementation of urban zoning principles, championed by the contemporaneous Garden City Movement."  Link
  • Berlin Modernism Housing Estates: Gartenstadt Falkenberg
  • Nord-Pas de Calais Mining Basin: For example, in France, the first garden city, which was built in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais coal mining basin from 1904, offered up a new way of looking at housing for workers (see link) Link
  • Rabat: It is emblematic of rational land use ... through the use of a planted environment drawing on the European 'garden city' concept (AB ev)
  • Rjukan / Notodden: Notodden: "The housing layout reflects garden city ideals ..." (AB ev)
  • Saltaire: Saltaire is an outstanding and well preserved example of a mid 19th century industrial town, the layout of which was to exert a major influence on the development of the "garden city" movement. (OUV)
  • White City of Tel-Aviv: It was conceived as a 'garden city', but with a more urban character than those built earlier. (AB ev)


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  5. Be explained, with reference to a source