Garden City Movement

The garden city movement is a method of urban planning that was initiated in 1898 by Sir Ebenezer Howard in the United Kingdom. Garden cities were intended to be planned, self-contained communities surrounded by "greenbelts", containing proportionate areas of residences, industry and agriculture. (wiki)

Further reading:
- The German Garden City Movement (1902-1931)

Connected Sites

Site Rationale Link
Asmara "The plan is also an early example of the implementation of urban zoning principles, championed by the contemporaneous Garden City Movement."
Berlin Modernism Housing Estates Gartenstadt Falkenberg
Modernist Kaunas "Žaliakalnis .. was developed as a garden city residential area" (AB ev)
Nord-Pas de Calais Mining Basin For example, in France, the first garden city, which was built in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais coal mining basin from 1904, offered up a new way of looking at housing for workers (see link)
Pampulha "The Pampulha Modern Ensemble was the centre of visionary urban design for part of a ‘Garden City’ promoted by a city administration who were responding to emerging international ideas" (AB ev)
Rabat It is emblematic of rational land use ... through the use of a planted environment drawing on the European 'garden city' concept (AB ev)
Rjukan / Notodden Notodden: "The housing layout reflects garden city ideals ..." (AB ev)
Saltaire Saltaire is an outstanding and well preserved example of a mid 19th century industrial town, the layout of which was to exert a major influence on the development of the "garden city" movement. (OUV)
White City of Tel-Aviv It was conceived as a 'garden city', but with a more urban character than those built earlier. (AB ev)


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