Chichen Itza
Gebel Berkal

World Heritage Site

for World Heritage Travellers


Bixi is a stone tortoise, used as a pedestal for a stele or tablet. Tortoise-mounted stelae have been traditionally used in the funerary complexes of Chinese emperors and other dignitaries. Later, they have also been used to commemorate an important event, such as an emperor's visit or the anniversary of World War II victory. Besides China, they can be found in Vietnam, Mongolia, Korea, and even the Russian Far East. (wiki)

The connection belongs to Constructions connections.

Connected Sites

  • Gyeongju: Many Bixi statues from various Silla Tombs, now mainly kept at Gyeongju National Museum
  • HuĂ©: At the Thien Mu pagoda Link
  • Imperial Palace: Beijing Imperial Palace Link
  • Imperial Tombs: Two at Xiaoling Tomb in Nanjing Link
  • Kaesong: Phyochung Monuments - "The monuments comprise large turtle-shaped granite plinths weighing over ten tons, supporting black marble stelae inscribed with poems commemorating Jong Mong Ju, and topped by pavilion-style hipped-gable caps carved from granite with dragon reliefs." - nomination file
  • Mount Taishan: Dao Miao features Bixis.
  • Orkhon Valley: 4 originally marked boundary of Karakorum, at least 1 or maybe 2 still in place. Symbol of Eternity.
  • Royal Joseon Tombs: Numerous Bigak buildings contain Bixi stone tablets. "Bigak - A building which has a stone monument where the names of the king and the queen are written at the front, while at the back was written the list of the king's accomplishments." wiki (Bixi diagrams are illustrated in the Joseon Royal Tombs Nomination File)
  • Seokguram Grotto and Bulguksa Temple: Bulguksa's Bixi carry a drum
  • Temple, Mansion and Cemetery of Confucius: Several Link


Do you know of another WHS we could connect to Bixi?

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A connection should:

  1. Not be "self evident"
  2. Link at least 3 different sites
  3. Not duplicate or merely subdivide the "Category" assignment already identified on this site.
  4. Add some knowledge or insight (whether significant or trivial!) about WHS for the users of this site
  5. Be explained, with reference to a source