Holy Roman Empire

The Holy Roman Empire was a realm that existed from 962-1806 in Central Europe. The empire's territory was centered on the Kingdom of Germany, and included neighbouring territories, which at its peak included the Kingdom of Italy and the Kingdom of Burgundy. For much of its history the Empire consisted of hundreds of smaller sub-units, principalities, duchies, counties, Free Imperial Cities and other domains.

Connected Sites

Site Rationale Link
Aachen Cathedral Otto I was elected King in Aachen in 936
Belfries The first belfry of Cambrai was destroyed by Henry, King of the Romans, in 1226 as punishment for a rebellion. Only in 1395 did emperor Wenceslaus IV allow the construction of a new belfry with a clock. The current belfry was built from 1447 until 1474 as a clocktower of the church of Saint Martin. (Nomination file, p. 32)
Great Spa Towns of Europe "According to a legend, Charles IV organized an expedition into the forests surrounding modern-day Karlovy Vary during a stay in Loket. It is said that his party once discovered a hot spring by accident, and thanks to the water from the spring, Charles IV healed his injured leg. On the site of a spring, he established a spa (...). The location was subsequently named "Karlovy Vary" after the emperor. Charles IV granted the town privileges on 14 August 1370."
Hildesheim Cathedral and Church exceptional testimony to the religious art of the Holy Roman Empire
Lyon In 843 it was assigned to Lotharingia by the Treaty of Verdun, and then passed to the Burgundian kingdom. It became the centre of the County of Lyon, the lordship of which was conferred by the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa to the Archbishop of Lyon in 1157. (wiki)
Piazza del Duomo (Pisa) "The church also contains (...) the tomb of Holy Roman Emperor Henry VII"
Quedlinburg in 919, Quedlinburg became the first capital of the Saxonian-Ottonian dynasty of the Holy Roman Empire
Rammelsberg and Goslar From the 10th to the 12th century [the town of Goslar] became one of the seats of the Holy Roman Empire. (Official description) "The rich deposits of silver ore there were one of the main reasons for sitting an Imperial residence at the foot of the Rammelsberg mountain by the Emperor Henry II; he held his first Imperial Assembly there in 1009." (AB Ev)
Regensburg After the war, in 1663, Regensburg hosted the Imperial Diet, with some interruptions, until the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire, in 1806. (AB ev)
Reichenau The monastic island of Reichenau was in the 8th-11th centuries one of the cultural and artistic centres of the German Holy Roman Empire, over which it exercised considerable influence. (AB ev)
Speyer Cathedral Built by Conrad II (c. 990 - June 4, 1039), Holy Roman Emperor from 1027 until his death and representative of the Salian dynasty.
Tokaji Wine Region "In his edict of 1737, Charles VI, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire and King of Hungary by the name of Charles III, pronounced the area into a closed wine region for the first time in the world," (nom file)
Town Hall and Roland, Bremen Criterion (vi): the ensemble of the town hall and Roland of Bremen with its symbolism is directly associated with the development of the ideas of civic autonomy and market freedom in the Holy Roman Empire (AB ev)


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