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World Heritage Site

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Hill Forts of Rajasthan

Hill Forts of Rajasthan

The Hill Forts of Rajasthan are 6 military fortifications built in the Rajput cultural tradition.

The included forts are:

- Chittorgarh Fort

- Kumbhalgarh Fort

- Ranthambore Fort

- Gagron Fort

- Amber Fort

- Jaisalmer Fort

Map of Hill Forts of Rajasthan


  • Cultural

Visit July 1993

In 1993 I visited one of these forts: Amber Fort. It was my first trip to India, and I was completely overwhelmed by its street life and visible poverty. Jaipur, the nearest city to Amber Fort, also was the first place we visited on our tour.

July 1993

The Fort is located on the top of a hill, and we walked there in the late afternoon. I remember that it was getting dark when we returned, and that there were lots of local kids yelling at us, walking with us or wanting to hold hands.

The fort was built from 1592 and "shows the evolution from the purely defensive fort settlements of the early medieval period to the palace fortress type of architecture typified in the 16th century." It is quite an extensive complex, with several courtyards, gardens, a temple, audience halls and living quarters.

My visit was so long ago that I cannot really argue if this is a viable WHS or not. But certainly "palaces" in general are still a very prominent feature of Indian history and culture.

July 1993

Community Reviews

Clyde Malta 17.07.13

Hill Forts of Rajasthan by Clyde

I visited 4 sites of this WHS in December 2011-January 2012. There are several forts in Rajasthan but the ones inscribed in this WHS are really unique. My personal favourite is Jaisalmer Fort in the Thar Desert close to the Pakistan border. It is special because it is still inhabited and the people there are really special. Hopefully sanitation problems and refuse collection will improve thanks to UNESCO but I really hope that the rumours of Jaisalmer becoming a "tourist attraction" meaning that the locals would be "accommodated" in apartments "outside" the city walls does not materialise (similar to what has happened in Bagan, Burma or Angkor Wat, Siem Reap). Jaisalmer Fort is special and unique to me because it is still inhabited after hundreds or thousands of years. I also visited Amber Fort outside Jaipur (entering the fort gate on a painted elephant like a maharajah), Ranthambore Fort, and Chittorgarh Fort with the claustrophobic Victory Tower.

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Site Info

Full name: Hill Forts of Rajasthan

Unesco ID: 247

Inscribed: 2013

Type: Cultural

Criteria: 2   3  

Link: By Name By ID

Site History

  • 2013 - Revision Includes former TWHS Chittorgarh Fort (1981)
  • 2013 - Inscribed 
  • 2012 - Advisory Body overruled Referral instead of "Not inscribed" proposed by ICOMOS
  • 2012 - Referred 


The site has 6 locations.

  • Hill Forts of Rajasthan: Amber Fort
  • Hill Forts of Rajasthan: Chittorgarh Fort
  • Hill Forts of Rajasthan: Gagron Fort
  • Hill Forts of Rajasthan: Jaisalmer Fort
  • Hill Forts of Rajasthan: Kumbhalgarh Fort
  • Hill Forts of Rajasthan: Ranthambore Fort


130 community members have visited Hill Forts of Rajasthan.