"A proto-city is a large, dense Neolithic settlement that is largely distinguished from a city by its lack of planning and centralized rule.... The label of a proto-city is applied to Neolithic mega-sites that are large and population-dense for their time but lack most other characteristics that are found in later urban settlements such as those of the Mesopotamian city-states in the 4th Millennium B.C." (wiki)

Connected Sites

Site Rationale Link
Ancient Jericho "common examples include Jericho.." (wiki)
Sarazm "The proto-urban site of Sarazm is an archaeological site which bears witness to the development of settlements in Central Asia from the 4th millennium BCE to the late 3rd millennium BCE." (OUV)
Shahr-i Sokhta "Shahr-i Sokhta displays an exceptional and even unique testimony to the development of a human settlement in a specific geographical location during the Bronze Age in the eastern part of the Iranian Plateau. For more than a thousand years, from 3200 BCE to c. 2000 BCE, the proto-urban site of Shahr-i Sokhta was the capital of a region ranging from Kandahar to Makran shores" (nom file)
Çatalhöyük ".. common examples include .. Çatalhöyük" (wiki)


Do you know of another WHS we could connect to Proto-cities?

Send it to me!

A connection should:

  1. Not be "self evident"
  2. Link at least 3 different sites
  3. Not duplicate or merely subdivide the "Category" assignment already identified on this site.
  4. Add some knowledge or insight (whether significant or trivial!) about WHS for the users of this site
  5. Be explained, with reference to a source