Descendants of Vikings who, in the 10th century, settled on land in northern France (later "Normandy") granted to them by Charles the Simple. Intermarried with the Frankish/Gallo-Roman natives and adopted the local Romance language Conquered land in Italy in 1030 and took over most of S Italy by 1099. Invaded England in 1066. Were involved in military adventures in Wales, Scotland and and in Crusader States (particularly Antioch) in the Middle East. This connection is limited to locations which are significant in Norman History since "Romanesque Architecture" as developed by the Normans has its own Connection.

Connected Sites

Site Rationale Link
Agrigento From the 7th century, Agrigento was in decline and was successively occupied by the Arabs and then by the Normans in 1086, who called it Girgenti. (AB Ev)
Arab-Norman Palermo Palermo was the capital of Sicily during the Norman period.
Durham Castle and Cathedral The Castle was built in the 11th Century as part of the ongoing efforts by the Normans to subdue the North
Mont-Saint-Michel Annexed from Britanny by the Normans in 933. The Abbey was built with Norman royal patronage
Roman Walls of Lugo "The town was to be ravaged once again in 968 by the Normans, on their way to the Mediterranean, and it was not restored until the following century." (AB Ev)
Syracuse "The later Norman conquest (1086) relegating Syracuse to the role of a city of secondary importance, strengthens more and more Palermo as capital of the island." (Nomination file, p. 147) Some buildings date back to the Norman period, e.g. the Church of San Martino on Ortygia. (wiki)
Tower of Hercules In the 9th and 10th centuries, "the attacks of the Normans and the Vikings struck fear into the coasts of the south of Europe. On various occasions, enemy squadrons disembarked on Galician soil (...). [The] Chronicle of King Alphonse III (...) alluded to a battle which took place in the year 846 close to the "Farum Brecantium" or "Bregantium" and where the Asturian king's troops succeeded in defeating the Norman hoards after having sacked and burnt their ships. This episode, however, did not represent an isolated incident but rather this type of attack is alluded to on numerous occasions, particularly in the years 854 and 866 when the Normans held the Kingdom to siege." (Nomination file, p. 91-92)
Tower of London Construction of the central Keep known as "The White tower" was initiated by William the Conqueror in 1078
Villa Romana del Casale "It seems that the final act of destruction [of the villa] was the work of the Norman ruler of Sicily, William I the Bad, around 1155." (AB Ev)


Do you know of another WHS we could connect to Normans?

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A connection should:

  1. Not be "self evident"
  2. Link at least 3 different sites
  3. Not duplicate or merely subdivide the "Category" assignment already identified on this site.
  4. Add some knowledge or insight (whether significant or trivial!) about WHS for the users of this site
  5. Be explained, with reference to a source