A martyrium is a structure built at "a site which bears witness to the Christian faith, either by referring to an event in Christ's life or Passion, or by sheltering the grave of a martyr". Martyria, mostly small, were very common after the early 4th century, when Constantine became the first emperor to make the Nicene Creed the dominant religion of the Roman Empire. Martyria had no standard architectural plan, and are found in a wide variety of designs. (wiki)
|Zu den bekanntesten Martyria gehören die Geburtskirche Christi in Bethlehem (wiki de)
|St. Philippe Martyrion
|Old City of Jerusalem
|Church of the Holy Sepulchre & Dome of the Rock
|Santo Stefano Rotondo
|Santiago de Compostela
|"The excavations conducted in the cathedral during the 19th and 20th centuries uncovered a Roman 'cella memoriae' or martyrium, around which grew a small cemetery in Roman and Suevi times which was later abandoned. This martyrium, which proves the existence of an old Christian holy place, has been sometimes attributed to Priscillian, although without further proof."
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