Chichen Itza
Gebel Berkal

World Heritage Site

for World Heritage Travellers

Mamluk Sultanate

The Mamluk Sultanate (1250-1517) was a regime of a military caste of former soldiers of slave origin who had been converted to Islam. They were of varied ancestry but were often Kipchak Turks, Circassians, or Georgians.

The connection belongs to History connections.

Connected Sites

  • Aleppo: Rebuilt the city in the late 13th century (Great Mosque, Citadel) and constructed the Altinbugna Mosque (1318-1323)
  • Damascus: Mausoleum of Baibars (1277-1281), Madrasa Afriduniya
  • Hebron/Al-Khalil Old Town
  • Historic Cairo: Palace of the Bashtak, Sultan Hassan Mosque (1356-1362), various mausolea. Cairo also was the capital of the Mamluks.
  • Old City of Acre: The Mameluke period (named after the Moslem rulers of Egypt) began in 1291 with the conquest of Acre and continued until 1517. Acre came within the mamluka of Gaza. The city was destroyed and totally abandoned, with only a few buildings remaining around the port (AB ev)
  • Old City of Jerusalem: Al Aqsa Mosque ("added two naves and two gates to the mosque's eastern side") and several structures in the Muslim Quarter, like the Markte of the Cotton Workers


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A connection should:

  1. Not be "self evident"
  2. Link at least 3 different sites
  3. Not duplicate or merely subdivide the "Category" assignment already identified on this site.
  4. Add some knowledge or insight (whether significant or trivial!) about WHS for the users of this site
  5. Be explained, with reference to a source