Cultural landscape of Bač
Cultural landscape of Bač and its surroundings is part of the Tentative list of Serbia in order to qualify for inclusion in the World Heritage List.
The Cultural landscape of Bač has seen for centuries multi-ethnic groups coexisting in harmony. Catholic, Islamic and Orthodox influences can be found in its religious and civic structures and art. Central to this border town is its medieval fortress, built to withstand invading Ottoman forces.
Map of Cultural landscape of BačLoad map
The coordinates shown for all tentative sites were produced as a community effort. They are not official and may change on inscription.
Bac - what phonetic consonance best suited this place steeped in history, surrounded by a world of waters. There are lakes, but also a river.
It is almost the border of Vojvodina, a stone's throw from the Karadordevo Reservation. The muddy soil has attracted the man of ancient times here, taking him practically from the middle of nature.
It is practically the area of millennial symbiosis that we can call agricultural archeology - it is so bidding to expose to the viewer the diversity of tools and storage vessels from the darkness of history until relatively new times.
The granary between the waters has thus sustained populations that have prospered, no matter how they were called the masters of the place.
We are talking about the invisible border of the West with the East, here are mixed elements of the old world (with most nations, stately or migratory) with the medieval one (from Romanesque to Byzantine, from Renaissance to Baroque) but also with Eastern influences.
Initially, it is a settlement from the Iron Age, evolving into the Bronze Age, as the first population of the Celts.
In the Middle Ages the massive investment in the defensive system of the area begins, considering that here it was wanted to draw the western demarcation line against the Ottomans.
The proximity of another temporary empire made the place under Habsburg control (first Austrians, then Hungarians), but the region becomes part of the Serb-Croatian-Slovenian Kingdom.
In order to imagine how complex the defensive element had become, we took the castle-fortress, so not only the tower, whose height can be climbed, but also the bastions, the outer walls and the bridge. Initially it is a fortification of Avars, then of the Slavs . Towards the middle of the fourteenth century, the fortress was begun by the care of King Carol Robert de Anjou, it lasted about a century.
The Ottomans definitively conquer it, the signs of the hard battles being visible through the scars left on the towers or the spectacular holes in the trapezoid walls set as the basis of the construction.
The best preserved (and obviously well rehabilitated) is the inner tower, where the knights of the time were, but where the water and food were kept in storage.
The grandeur of the place is best seen in the old maps or the reconstructions based on reality that we find in the halls allocated as museums on the floors of the tower, there are also evidences of the daily life of the population living here from the darkness of the times, but also the exemplification of the way of construction of the fortresses and fortifications.
Over the water we find the cultural element represented by the faith of the place - the two proud monasteries one Franciscan and the other Orthodox, both presenting different styles, as a distinguishing fact being that they did not fit in the compulsory taxation, but followed their own line, which has allowed the important turning of the Serbian identity later.
Read more from Lisu Marian here.
Successor to Historical place of Bac and its Surroundings (2010)
2019 Added to Tentative List
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