Sites of Hongshan Culture
Sites of Hongshan Culture: The Niuheliang Archaeological Site, the Hongshanhou Archaeological Site, and Weijiawopu Archa is part of the Tentative list of China in order to qualify for inclusion in the World Heritage List.
The Niuheliang, Hongshanhou and Weijiawopu Archaeological Sites, which could date back to 6,000 – 5,000 years ago, are important representative sites of the Hongshan culture. The overall plan and the layout features of Niuheliang Site represent the creative genius of primitive ancestors 5,500-5000 years ago, and provide an important evidence of the civilized society, bears a unique testimony to the burial and sacrificial traditions.
Map of Sites of Hongshan CultureLoad map
The coordinates shown for all tentative sites were produced as a community effort. They are not official and may change on inscription.
The archaeological sites are not open for public (at least at the time of writing). They are not anything impressive to see either as they are just grassy hills with some makeshift buildings for the staff that (I suppose) work here. If you insist on going to the Hongshan site, there is a bus from the central station in Chifeng. You will be disappointed ;)
Instead head to a museum to see these. I know it's not "the same" but the Chinese basically move all the artifacts there. Take it up with UNESCO/ICOMOS whether that is kosher. Nevertheless the museum in Chifeng has a nice, free, permanent exhibition of the Hongshan culture as well as several other significant local history such as the bronze age findings, Mongolian ruling time. Top this up with nice English displays and the ~1h spend in here is worth it. Note that the opening times include a long lunch break so time your visit accordingly.
To get the Chifeng you can easily take a bus or train from Beijing (6-7h), and if you are already up in the area you should check out Xanada (Shangdu) over at Duolun. The bus is around 4-5h and you can go to Beijing from here to do a nice triangle trip and "tick off" two historic sites.
Includes former TWHS Niuheliang Archaeological Site (1996) / The Niuheliang Archaeological Site (2008)
2013 Added to Tentative List
The site has 4 locations