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World Heritage Site

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Pimachiowin Aki

Pimachiowin Aki

Pimachiowin Aki is a very large ecosystem and cultural landscape, which is the most complete and largest example of the North American boreal shield.

It encompasses part of the lands of four First Nations, and three provincial parks: Woodland Caribou and Atikaki Provincial Parks along with Eagle-Snowshoe Conservation Reserve. The Anishinaabe First Nations continue to use and live in this forested area.

Pimachiowin Aki means Land that gives life in Ojibwe, an indigenous language of Canada.

Map of Pimachiowin Aki


  • Mixed

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Site Info

Full name: Pimachiowin Aki

Unesco ID: 1415

Inscribed: 2018

Type: Mixed

Criteria: 3   6   9  

Link: By Name By ID

Site History

  • 2018 - Inscribed 
  • 2016 - Referred 
  • 2016 - Advisory Body overruled Inscription was proposed, but Canada pleaded for a referral due to changes in the management of the corporation that maintains it.
  • 2013 - Deferred As Pimachiowin Aki (refine and strengthen the boundaries & further look into spiritual relationship with nature)


The site has 3 locations.

  • Pimachiowin Aki: Eagle – Snowshoe Conservation Reserve
  • Pimachiowin Aki: South Atikaki Provincial Park
  • Pimachiowin Aki: Woodland Caribou Provincial Park


The site has 11 connections.


  • Pictographs: Over a hundred pictographs have been recorded at thirty locations (AB ev)

Human Activity

  • Traditional Hunting: Traditional use by Anishinaabeg, including sustainable fishing, hunting and trapping, is also an integral part of the boreal ecosystems in Pimachiowin Aki.

Religion and Belief

  • Living indigenous religions: crit vi: Pimachiowin Aki is directly and tangibly associated with the living tradition and beliefs of the Anishinaabeg (AB ev)


  • Holocene: The Canadian Shield of which this is a part was totally glaciated in the last period. Everything "natural" now present in the inscribed Ecosystem must have "arrived" since then
  • Built in the 5th millennium BC: "Ancient and contemporary livelihood sites, habitations and processing sites, travel routes, named places, trap lines, widely dispersed across the landscape, while being sacred and ceremonial sites, reflect the way they, and their Indigenous ancestors, have made use of this and adjacent landscapes for over 7,000 years" (AB ev)


World Heritage Process


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