Chichen Itza
Gebel Berkal

World Heritage Site

for World Heritage Travellers

Islamic pilgrimage sites

Top pilgrimage sites for Shia or Sunni muslims. Mecca and Medina are generally considered no. 1 and no. 2, several others are vying for spots no. 3 - 5.

The connection belongs to Religion and Belief connections.

Connected Sites

  • Ancient ksours: Chinguetti: major site for African pilgrims, principal gathering place for pilgrims of the Maghreb to gather on the way to Mecca
  • Bolgar: Muslim pilgrimage centre (AB ev)
  • Central Highlands: Adam's Peak
  • Damascus: Umayyad Mosque, after Mecca and Medina possibly the world's third most important mosque
  • Harar: "the fourth holiest city of Islam"
  • Hebron/Al-Khalil Old Town
  • Kairouan: Centre of Islamic faith in the Maghreb; "third-holiest site" in Islam
  • Old City of Jerusalem: In terms of the virtue of a religious site, and the value of prayers performed within it, Muslims believe that the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem is the third most virtuous mosque
  • Robben Island: Just to the north of the maximum security prison is the Kramat, a monument built in 1967 on the site where Hadjie Mattarm, a Muslim holy man exiled by the VOC from the East Indies to Robben Island in 1744, was buried. He died in 1755 and his tomb became a place of pilgrimage for the Muslim community of the Cape. (AB ev)
  • Sulaiman-Too: Sulaiman-Too is the main holy and pilgrimage site for Muslims of southern Kyrgyzstan and the Ferghana Valley


Do you know of another WHS we could connect to Islamic pilgrimage sites?

Send it to me!

A connection should:

  1. Not be "self evident"
  2. Link at least 3 different sites
  3. Not duplicate or merely subdivide the "Category" assignment already identified on this site.
  4. Add some knowledge or insight (whether significant or trivial!) about WHS for the users of this site
  5. Be explained, with reference to a source