Been part of independent Finland (de facto)

WHS, outside of the current borders of Finland, that have been part of independent Finland (de facto).

Connected Sites

Site Rationale Link
Kizhi Pogost Finnish army occupied the area of Petrozavodsk and Olonets Karelia in 1941, including the peninsula and island of Kizhi. The area was held by Finnish forces until 1944. The area of Kizhi was front line and the furthest place Finnish army advanced during the Continuation War. There is even a legend that Finnish bombers didn't want to drop bombs to Kizhi Pogost.
St. Petersburg The former Finnish municipalities mentioned below were a part of independent Finland until 1939 (de facto) (or 1940 [de jure]) when Soviet Union occupied them. Finland occupied the areas back a Continuation War but Soviet Union occupied them again in 1944.
540-003c1 Fort ”Ino”, or Inon linnake in Finnish, is located at the former Finnish municipality of Uusikirkko (Nykyrka in Swedish).
540-025d The park ”Dubki” is located at the former Finnish municipality of Siestarjoki (Systerbäck in Swedish, Sestroretsk in Russian). Siestarjoki or Rajajoki (Border River) was a border town between Finland and Russia from 1812 until 1940. Nowadays, the only surviving attraction in park ‘Dubki’ from the period of Peter the Great is the magnificent oak grove.
540-025e Sestroretsky Razliv is half former Finnish municipality of Siestarjoki and half part of the areas that Finland occupied at Continuation War.
540-025f Terioki (Zelenogorsk), or Terijoki in Finnish, is a former Finnish municipality. Terijoki is known especially for its sandy beaches and numerous wooden villas. It was a popular holiday destination in late 19th and early 20th centuries.,_Saint_Petersburg
540-026 The I.Repin Estate ”The Penates” is located at the former Finnish municipality of Kuokkala (Repino in Russian). Kuokkala was also a popular holiday destination with villa communities and beaches. One of the villas at Kuokkala is the one of famous Russian painter Ilya Repin, the Penates. After the Finnish independency in 1917 Repin’s ties with Russian cultural elite broke and he wanted to integrate with Finnish painter community. Repin lived in his villa for 30 years, 13 years of which in independent Finland. He was even married with woman with Finnish origin. Repin died in his villa in 1930 and is buried to the garden of Penates.,_Saint_Petersburg
540-027 The Cemetery of the Village of Komarovo is located at the former Finnish municipality of Kellomäki (Komarovo in Russian). Kellomäki was known for its lively artist community. On the cemetery there are buried several well-known Russian artists, e.g. Anna Akhmatova.,_Saint_Petersburg
540-028 Lindulovskaya Roshcha, or Lintulan lehtikuusimetsä (Lintula Larch Forest) in Finnish, is located at the former Finnish municipality of Raivola (Roshchino in Russian). Lintula Larch Forest had a major impact on the cultivation of larch throughout the world and is considered one of the most important cultivated forests in northern Europe.,_Leningrad_Oblast
Struve Geodetic Arc Mäki-Päälys, Hogland Z: The island of Gogland or Suursaari in Finnish, Högland in Swedish, was a part of Finland until 1939 when Soviet Union occupied it. Finnish army took it back in 1941 but Soviet Union occupied it definitively in 1942.


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  5. Be explained, with reference to a source