Fishriver Canyon is part of the Tentative list of Namibia in order to qualify for inclusion in the World Heritage List.
The Fish River Canyon of southern Namibia is the second largest canyon in the World after the Grand Canyon of the USA. From the first waterfall north of the northernmost viewpoint, to a point opposite the Chudaub trigonometrical beacon, the canyon is 56 km long, measured along the river course. Major continental uplift, following the break-up of Gondwanaland some 130 million years ago, resulted in the deep incision of the river to its present day level.
Map of Fishriver CanyonLoad map
The coordinates shown for all tentative sites were produced as a community effort. They are not official and may change on inscription.
Spectacular New Year’s Day visits are starting to become a habit of mine: it was Virunga in 2016 (gorillas on New Year’s Eve, chimps the next morning) and the Rock Islands of Palau in 2017. On the first of January 2018, I woke up at the edge of Namibia’s Fish River Canyon. I had only been sleeping intermittently because of the strong, howling winds blowing through the canyon and along the chalets of the Fish River Lodge which has been built exactly on the rim. From my bed I could see the sun rise above the canyon, constantly changing the illumination of the rocks.
This canyon in the far south of Namibia is one of the world’s largest (often advertised as the second largest), although a precise ranking of canyons is as difficult as that of waterfalls. Are we counting length, width, depth or total area? We have 26 different canyons within WHS already inscribed in our connection, including Capertee Valley (Greater Blue Mountains) which also is said to be the world's second largest canyon after the Grand Canyon.
Anyway, the Fish River Canyon is a spectacular natural creation. It actually consists of two canyons, one inside the other. The outer canyon, the first level of terraces, was created when a tectonic rift made a wide gap in the earth’s crust. The Fish river afterwards eroded the second canyon along the valley floor, creating the 270m deep inner canyon.
It would have been lovely to do a hike through part of the canyon, but hiking permits are only available outside the summer season because of the scorching heat. See “The hottest walk on earth” for an impression. The canyon is already known as a bit of a graveyard anyway, due to reports of lost and dead hikers attempting the 5 day hike through the canyon valley. So I had to make do with a jeep tour along 4 viewpoints.
It is tempting to compare the Fish River Canyon to the Grand Canyon. Although it is the second most visited site in Namibia, visitor numbers are nowhere as huge as at its US counterpart. There were about 40 people staying overnight in our lodge, which is the only one right at the canyon. And for day trippers there are a couple of viewpoints at the other side of the canyon. There isn’t much that will keep you there for long. Getting to the Fish River Lodge is an adventure in itself by the way – it takes 108 km / 2 hours of unpaved roads from the main paved road.
Another difference is that this area is much more arid. Hardly anything grows at the ridge of the canyon, and even less inside it. The local guide that showed us around told that during the past 8 years, there has been no rain of any importance in this area. Even the iconic quiver trees that need very little are starting to die.
I believe the Fish River Canyon wouldn’t be out of place on the World Heritage List. Maybe the Namibian authorities can combine it with another tentative site: the Succulent Karoo Protected Areas. The Huns-Ai-Ais Park at the start of the canyon contains high populations of endemic succulent flora and is considered the most biologically diverse arid area in the world. The giant quiver trees, euphorbias and the aloe ramosissima are floral species that you will not easily find anywhere else.
Read more from Els Slots here.
Fish River Canyon is the second longest canyon in the world, only beaten by the Grand Canyon. It's located in the Ai-Ais Richtersveld Transfrontier Park in the south of Namibia (close to South Africa).
There are a number of spectacular viewpoints over a distance of circa 30 kilometers: Main viewpoint, Hiker's viewpoint, Sulphur Springs viewpoint and Eagle's Rock viewpoint. The Main viewpoint can be reached by normal car, which is also the case for Hiker's viewpoint and Sulphur Springs viewpoint although for the latter two a 4x4 is recommended. The Eagle's Rock viewpoint can only be reached by 4x4.
We found the Eagle's Rock viewpoint to be the least spectacular and it takes 30-45 minutes (one way) to reach, so if you run out of time we suggest to skip this one.
- Full Name
- Fishriver Canyon
- Natural landscape - Eroded
- By ID
2002 Added to Tentative List
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24 Community Members have visited.