The Discovery Coast Atlantic Forest Reserves is a region of tropical and subtropical moist forest, tropical dry forest, tropical savannas, and mangrove forests.
They extend along the Atlantic coast of Brazil from Rio Grande do Norte state in the north to Rio Grande do Sul state in the south, and inland as far as Paraguay and the Misiones Province of Argentina.
The Atlantic Forest is unusual in that it extends as a true tropical rainforest to latitudes as high as 24'S. This is because the trade winds produce precipitation throughout the southern winter. In fact, the northern Zona da Mata of northeastern Brazil receives much more rainfall between May and August than during the southern summer.
Map of Discovery Coast
- ●● Natural
João Aender Campos Cremasco Brazil 16-Aug-14
It was surprising to me to see this WHS hasn't been yet reviewed. Discovery Coast is by no means a difficult place to reach or uninteresting area to be looked down, all the way around. It is made up of several Atlantic Rainforest reserves, most of them close to Porto Seguro, a vibrant city (and with a famous carnival) that is also situated in the area where the first Portuguese colonizers arrived in Brazil (year 1500).
I have visited this reserves many times when I was a kid and also recently with my father. I could not see (and I doubt there is, at least for the casual tourist) any significant distinction between Discovery Coast Atlantic Forest (in States of Bahia and Espírito Santo) and the Atlantic Forest South-East situated more southerly (in São Paulo and Paraná States).
In any case, the exuberance of the tropical rainforest (along with good trekkings, waterfalls, birdwatching, etc.) usually pays off the visit. Do not expect, however, the same facilites and tourist infrastructure that can be found in Iguaçu or other more famous sites in Brazil.
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Full name: Discovery Coast Atlantic Forest Reserves
Unesco ID: 892
Criteria: 9 10
- 1999 - Inscribed
- 1999 - Referred Bureau - Brazil tried to convert 3 sites into 2 part way through the process
The site has 8 locations.
- Discovery Coast: Discovery National Park State of Bahia,
- Discovery Coast: Linhares Forest Reserve State of Espirito Santo,
- Discovery Coast: Monte Pascoal National Park State of Bahia,
- Discovery Coast: PAU Brazil CEPLAC Experimental Station State of Bahia,
- Discovery Coast: Pau Brazil National Park State of Bahia,
- Discovery Coast: Sooretama Biological Reserve State of Espirito Santo,
- Discovery Coast: Una Biological Reserve State of Bahia,
- Discovery Coast: Veracruz Station State of Bahia,
The site has 15 connections. Show all
- Critically endangered fauna species: Golden-bellied capuchin: The largest continuous area of forest in its known range, the Una Biological Reserve in Bahia, is estimated to contain a population of 185 individuals (wiki) Link
- Tapirs: Brazilian tapir
- Sloths: brown-throated sloth
- Turtles and tortoises: Green Sea Turtle, Loggerhead sea turtle
- Coral: Coral reefs
- Anteaters: southern tamandua