The Lithuanian capital Vilnius is a historic trading town with medieval origins.

It is situated right on the boundary between Catholicism and Russian Orthodoxy. It also holds a variety of other religions, like that of the Karaites, Jews and Muslims.

The historic buildings are built in the Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque and Classical styles.





Map of Vilnius

Load map

Community Reviews

Write a review

Jakob Frenzel

Germany - 12-Nov-19 -

Vilnius by Jakob Frenzel

August 2017- we arrived in Vilnius around noon and where quite astonished. At first glance you can already recognize the different influences in this city. For Poland it is a very important place, and you can recognize the deep catholic code of this city. Also thea heart of Jozef Pilsudski is buried here.

However there are many facettes of Vilnius. It has some medieval architecture, a lot from Barock, some modern, and even a small Hippi Republic within the city and lots of streetart.

We enjoyed the many churches, in the evening it became a vivid place with people Dancing on the streets and the Illumination of  the buildings was just awesome. It is very different from Riga and Tallin.

Klaus Freisinger

Austria - 21-Oct-16 -

Vilnius by Klaus Freisinger

Even though it doesn't have any standout attractions, Vilnius is a very pretty and clean city with a well-preserved old town and a large number of historic buildings. The many Renaissance and Baroque buildings and Catholic churches make it seem like a classic Central European city similar to Krakow, rather than a Nordic, Protestant city like Tallinn. The best-known landmark is the tower of Gediminas Castle on a hill in the Old Town, followed by a cathedral that looks like a Greek temple, and the beautiful St. Anne's Church. I also enjoyed a visit to the interesting National Museum, housed in the Palace of the Grand Dukes of Lithuania.


Malta - 16-Sep-16 -

Vilnius by Clyde

I visited this WHS in August 2016. Unfortunately there were no convenient flights to Lithuania before Saturday evening so I missed the first day of the WH Travellers Get-together. However the following day, first thing in the morning I headed towards the Gediminis monument and surely enough I finally met Els and other WH travellers in person :) It was very humbling to visit Vilnius with travellers who visited more than double the amount of WHS I visited. The highlights of the walking tour of Vilnius, apart from meeting fellow WH travellers of course, were walking through what seemed like private garage doors leading to residential courtyards to take in the 'real' Vilnius on not only the fully painted and 'touristy' parts of the city, as well as the panoramic Subacius viewpoint. I also enjoyed visiting the Uzupis Republic and the gothic brick church of St Anne (picture) before ending our tour at the Presidential Palace. After the tour I visited the

Holy Spirit Orthodox Church with the peculiar green altar (free entrance). The UNESCO plaque is just next to the town hall columns. All in all I spent 3 days in Vilnius (including half day trips to Kernave and Trakai Castle) and having visited all 3 Baltic capitals, I would say Vilnius is the least interesting of the three and in my opinion the only Baltic capital which is not the true highlight of the country. Still it's a pleasant city for a cheap weekend trip.

Els Slots

The Netherlands - 28-Aug-16 -

Vilnius by Els Slots

Vilnius is a great find. 'The new Prague', some say. The ICOMOS report mentions Cracow. Having visited them all by now, I do believe that Vilnius is in the same league as Prague and Cracow - the quintessential Central European towns.

Our best memory was visiting the Russian Orthodox Church of the Holy Spirit early in the morning, and watching 50 – 60 people go about their rituals. The all-brick St. Anne’s church gets the votes for the most impressive exterior.

Another benefit of the town is that, despite having about 600.000 inhabitants, it still is very pleasant: clean, easy to be explored on foot, many restaurants, parks, places to sit, most buildings are in good repair. Almost everything looks new - restorations have almost finished, in time for early 2009 when Vilnius will be the new Cultural Capital of Europe.

The ‘Why’ isn’t explained very well in the ICOMOS report that got Vilnius the WHS status. A visiting professor highlighted its ‘rich collection of buildings from different ages and full of everyday life’. This may not sound very special but does justice to the combination of a rather unique religious atmosphere and variety in building styles in this town. A visit is well recommended, you'll need at least two days (preferably more).

Bojana Bartol

Slovenia - 17-Feb-14 -

The Vilnius old town gives the impression of a small town somewhere far in the province, and I find that as no disadvantage. The whole district is quiet but offers a lot of beautiful religious buildings of all architectural styles. If you feel fatigue and hunger, you can find very easily a place with cheap and tasty local specialties to try.

Ian Cade

UK - 05-Mar-10 -

Vilnius by Ian Cade

A big thumbs up from me for Vilnius. Whilst the main sights are nice they are not astounding however the city has a great atmosphere and wandering aimlessly around the old town’s cobbled streets was an exceptionally rewarding way to spend a weekend.

I spent three days in Vilnius in February 2010 using it as a base to explore south-eastern Lithuania and it was great. It reminded me an awful lot of the Czech city of Olomouc, where I studied a few years previously, and for me that is a big complement. I really enjoyed just walking through the winding lanes discovering bars, cafes and quite a number of churches. It was also good to see the University was a core part of the old town and the students sauntering to and from classes brought a relaxed air to the place. They also made the nightlife very enjoyable Cozy, Prie Universiteto and Bûsi Treèias were the drinking establishments I enjoyed most. Whilst walking between bars I also got to hear some of the incredible folk singing that the Baltic States are so famous for. It was very different to the sort of post-pub singing you hear in Britain, four part harmonies instead of a drawl about a favourite football team.

The main sights of the city were nice, especially St Anne’s church and the Gates of Dawn. The two big squares, by the town hall and the cathedral felt a little too open and ordinary in comparison to the surrounding streets. However the view from the Higher Castle and the Artillery Bastion were particularly pleasant. It does all manage to squeeze in a Micronation in the shape of the Uþupis Republic).).

Vilnius was a really charming city with enough to merit a few slow days of exploration. It has a real central European feel and is one of Eastern Europe's largest preserved Old Towns and a worthwhile inscription on the World Heritage List

Christer Sundberg

Sweden - 23-Sep-06 -

Vilnius by Christer Sundberg

For some reason there is something in Vilnius that reminds me of Copenhagen. It might be the relaxed atmosphere or the obvious resemblance between the bohemian district of Uzipio and its Danish cousin Christiania. A slow walk around Vilnius Old Town and you will constantly bump into a mix of churches, monasteries, old Jewish areas, restaurants, cafés, hotels and small houses on the verge of collapse. On my first visit to Vilnius in 2002, I was amazed by the number of excellent restaurants I found and on my return, four years later, there seems to be even more of them around. In difference to its two Baltic capital cousins, Tallinn and Riga, Vilnius is the town of unlimited “bon vivant”, something that’s for sure been discovered by an increasing stream of summer tourists.

But in my opinion, Vilnius can be even better on a chilly autumn day when walking almost alone in the lovely parks that surround Gediminas Hill. On the hill once stood two 14th century defence castle but today there is only one castle of them left together with a tower. But just below the hill, the Lithuanians are rebuilding their main castle that was burnt to the ground in the late 18th century. They are likely the only nation in the world to be building a fully-fledged castle in the absolute centre of their capital – five points for that!

One of the absolute-must-places to visit in Vilnius is the 16th century Church of St.Anne, a gothic brick-construction that once Napoleon, invading his way into Russia, was absolutely flabbergasted by. And if you for some reason get tiered of Vilnius, why not hop on one of the many excursions tours to the town and castle of Trakai. It’s just 40 km south-west of the city and you suddenly you find yourself in the midst of a nature park with lovely lakes and a brilliant brick castle that easily could have been taken out of a movie.

A.J. Kuolas

U.S.A. -

My three favorite European cities are Tallinn, Krakow, and Vilnius. Like the other two, Vilnius has a picturesque old town that's not too commercial and touristy like Prague, yet isn't sleepy like Toledo. These three are just right--bustling little city-towns that haven't sold out their cultural identities. All three beg you to simply wander the cobblestone streets in an attempt to get lost. Though choosing one is a toss-up in terms of UNESCO criteria and prices, I give a slight edge to Vilnius for its nightlife and its location. In one direction, the insular castle of Trakai is 20 km away, as is the geographic center of Europe in another. Within an overnight train-trip or less, you can reach numerous World Heritage Sites in Lithuania, Poland, Russia, Belarus, Latvia, and Estonia. Another advantage Vilnius holds: it has a strong sense of its various historical periods. The hilltop castle has watched over the city for centuries; the genocide museum remembers the decades watched over by the KGB. Visit the church Napolean wanted to take home with him, or touch the cement blocks that protected democracy-minded Parliamentarians from Soviet tanks on the night thirteen citizens were massacred in 1991. The longer you stay, the more you'll discover.

Site Info

Full Name
Vilnius Historic Centre
Unesco ID
2 4
Urban landscape - Medieval European Urban landscape - Post-medieval European

Site History

1994 Inscribed

1990 Referred

Info on town planning schemes required + ICOMOS review


The site has 1 locations



The site has

Human Activity
Individual People
Religion and Belief
Science and Technology
WHS on Other Lists
World Heritage Process


Community Members have visited.

A. Mehmet Haksever AC Adrian Turtschi Airpunk Alexander Barabanov Alexander Lehmann Alfons and Riki Verstraeten Ali Zingstra Alicemears Allison Vies Ana Lozano Anna Wludarska Anonymous15788 AnteEP1979 Argo Arno.Smit Artur Anuszewski Asegelman Ask Gudmundsen Aslak Aspasia Astraftis Atila Ege Bin Birgitte Sørensen Bob Parda BobSmithseestheworld Bodil Ankerly Bram de Bruin Braza Brendan Carroll Bruno_Pires Butterflybird Byronb CAN SARICA CHJLondon Carlos Caminando Carlos Sotelo Carlosaganzo Carstenhansen Cezar Grozavu Chenboada Cheryl Chris Law Christer Sundberg Christian Wagner Christoph Christravelblog Cirene Moraes Cjones Claire Bradshaw ClaireWhiteley Clyde Cmtcosta Corinne Vail Craig Harder Ctravel CugelVance Cutiecuscrisori@yaho DAB Dachangjin3 Dan Pettigrew Dani Cyr Daniel C-Hazard David Berlanda David Marton DeJenerate Debfc Dgjohansson Dibro Dimitar Krastev Dimitrios Polychronopoulos Dkabanov Donald M Parrish Jr Dorejd Dpottenr Drazsika Drinkteatravel Dwight Zehuan Xiao Easymet Elaine McArdle Els Slots Emili Xaus Enrico Cerrini Eric Lurio Eric PK Erik Jelinek Eternalarrival Eva Kisgyorgy FGKJR1492X FK FS Fan Yibo Feanster Fedekiwi Femke Roos Filip Murlak Filippo Ubaldi Flexiear Frank Britton Fuaron Fvdd G.L. Ingraham Gary Arndt Gennady Nezhdanov George Evangelou George Gdanski Gerlach Gernot Ghostbear Ghostorchid7 Gi Gile363 Gilles Grimloch Gwythyr Haining Guan Harald T. Harry Mitsidis Headius Howard Howard Brayer Hubert Hungarian Geographic Hurrvinek Iain Jackson Ian Cade Ibonez Ivan Rucek Izzet Ege J Mitchell Jaakkotoivanen Jacob Choi Jagnes Jakob Frenzel Jakubmarin Jan-Willem Jani Hyppanen Janis Jarek Pokrzywnicki Jaroslav Klement Jduffhue JeanK Jessica Cox JoStof JobStopar Joel Baldwin John booth Johnson Zhao Jon Eshuijs Jonas Hagung Jonas Kremer Jonathanfr Jordanovichy Jos Schmitz Jose Jose Antonio Collar Josef Mikus João Aender Judith Tanner JudyWalsh Juha Sjoeblom Julie July Jungliemonkey Junwang111 Juropa KAO KB1 Kadet722796 Karl Grossner Kasia Kasienka5 Kasper Katharina Kbtwhs Kelly Henry KentishTownRocks Kevin Padley-Knight Kevin247 Kgeographer Khuft Kinstell Kjlchiang Klara Woodson Klaus Bondar Klaus Freisinger Komorfil Krijn La caperucita roja LaVale Lara Adler Lars Bogstad Lars Jensen Lauren Leckie118 Leonie Geurts Lesoruble Lichia Lidiane Lilimarleenm Liverpool1023 Lloyd Cross Loic Pedras Londonium Longdutch Lorenzo Mejino Lubos Lucio Gorla Luis Filipe Gaspar Luke725 Luke725 Luki501 MH MMM MaYumin Maciej Gowin Maki Wang Malcolm Malgorzata Kopczynska Marek Maria Mariaana Nelimarkka Marie Morlon Markassonne Marta Lempert Martin Lind (Switzerland) Martin Richardson Martina Ruckova Marton Kemeny Matthewgibbs Mattias Max Smits MaxHeAnouBen Małgosia Łupicka Merveil Michael Novins Michael Turtle Michael anak Kenyalang Michal Kozok Michal Marciniak Michiel Dekker Mikael Bjork Mikal Ahmet Mikek Mikko Milan Jirasek Mkborys Mnikish730 MoPython Monchan5396 Monica66 Naim Y Nan Nasebaer NataliaS Nej153 Nihal Ege Nomad99 NonDuality Oldwhizzy Olivier MONGIN Olli-Pekka Turunen Orphanos PJ Paczeterson Paolosan82 Parrot Pascal Cauliez Pasha Globus Patphilly Patrick Matgen Patrik Paul Hilder Paul RYKEN Paul Schofield Paw90 Peltzi Peter Lööv Petteri Philipp Leu Philipp Peterer Piotrurbanski Plutomu Pressdm Purrfect Randi Thomsen Rdroghetti Red Reisedachs Reza Ri Riccardo Quaranta RobRos Rodinia Roel Sterken Roger Enarsson Roger Ourset Rogerding Rom Roman Bruehwiler Roman Koeln Roman Raab Rvieira SHIHE HUANG Sachin Saru Sascha Grabow Saxondean Sazanami Schnitzel Sergio Arjona Shaka_schulz Shandos Cleaver Sheila Shijie ZHU Shu Sibariam SirLoydd Solivagant Sophie Squiffy Stanimir Stanislaw Warwas Super-Sophie Sutul Svein Elias Szucs Tamas Tamara Ratz Tarquinio_Superbo Tatiana Nikulnikova Ted Coombs Tevity Thibault Magnien Thomas Buechler Thomas Harold Watson Thomas Kunz Thomas van der Walt Timothy C Easton Tingmelvin Tino A Offner Tjark Tlaloc Tom Flaten Tommasorossotti Tonioto Tony H. Travel Addicts Trevni Truls Brekke Tsunami VLabhard ValeriiaK ValiaVeweth Van Hung Vernon Prieto Vladimir WHS Lux WalGra Walter Walter H. Watkinstravel Wj1997yi Wodynski Wojciech Fedoruk Wolfgang Hlousa Wolfgang Sander WolfgangHl Xiquinho Silva YaroMir Yi Han Goh Yuri Samozvanov ZiemowitFilip Zoë Sheng