Granada

Granada
.

The Alhambra, Generalife and Albayzín in Granada are exceptional reminders of Moorish Spain.

The Alhambra ("the red fortress") is a palace and fortress complex built by the Moorish monarchs of Granada. Its existence was first mentioned in the 9th century. During the reign of the Nasrid Dynasty, the Alhambra was transformed into a palatine city complete with an irrigation system for the lush and beautiful gardens of the Generalife located outside the fortress.

The Palacio de Generalife, to the east of the Alhambra, was the summer palace and country estate. It was built during the early 14th century by the Nasrid sultans.

The Albayzin is an old residential neighborhood in Granada, opposite the Alhambra. It has both Moorish and Andalusian influences. 

Map of Granada

Load map

Community Reviews

Write a review


Jakob Frenzel

Germany - 16-Jan-20 -

Granada by Jakob Frenzel

March 2017 - on the top of our itinerary was the Alhambra. I visited it in 1993 with my parents, but have only few memories. But this time we planned to see the gardens, insides etc.. The city has an intense arabic flair, probably comparable to medinas in the Maghrep. Narrow streets with shops with oriental clothings, baskets, spices. Also the Renaissance part of the city has still that charming flair.

We climbed up to the Alhambra and visited the outside areas as well as the court of the Palace of Charles V. Everything just beautiful, although it was packed with tourist. We did not make any reservation to go inside, and at the early afternoon we had no chance to get any remaining tickets. However, in the moning hours there are always a few tickets being sold at the machines, but you can only decide for a morning or afternoon visit. Of course, we could not leave Grenada without trying that. Next morning I climbed up the hill again, to be the 3rd person in row for the remaining tickets. Around 6:30 more and more people were joining. Finally at 8 the machines turned on and I could purchase two tickets. The Ticket said 9h, so perfect. Eventually my wife joined me and we went first to the Alcazaba. There. we had the luck to see the sunrise over Granada and the snow covered Sierra Nevada in the near vicinity. Finally, the tour for the Nazrid Palace and Gardens started. And what shall I say, it is just overwhelming. The many detailed wood carvings, the mosaics, the splashing of fountains: Its like being part of a tale of 1001 Night. The most stunning are the Muzqarnas, that remind one of stalactite caves.

Together with Cordoba, this is definitely the highlight of Andalusia and a perfect place to see how beautiful things were build in the past and how talented human craftmen/women can be.

 


Clyde

Malta - 27-Sep-17 -

Granada by Clyde

I visited this WHS in September 2017. I knew before going that this site was very popular and that it is supposedly one of Europe's top sites. However, the information available online is quite confusing and everything seems far more complicated than it actually is to visit.

First of course you need to book your ticket online to visit the Nasrid Palace and Gardens (it really is a must and a highlight). There are so many different possibilities and so many different online travel agencies acting as if they were the official vendors that the whole booking process can be quite daunting at first. Moreover, the tickets are available only from three months in advance. The official site is the one linked to Ticketmaster and you simply choose the date of your visit, and whether you would like to visit the Nasrid palace in the morning or in the afternoon. The receipt is not the actual ticket (which is a tad cumbersome) and you have to enter the same credit card used to book the ticket in a specific machine (which is always supervised, so nothing to worry about) at the Coral de Carbon, the Alhambra ticket office, ticketmaster cashpoints near the Alhambra or at specific Caixa cashpoints.

I opted for the Alhambra General day ticket and an afternoon visit of the Nasrid palace and gardens (which is best for courtyard photography). This ticket includes visits to the Alcazaba, the Generalife palace and gardens and the Partal gardens. Early in the morning I opted to walk to Barrio Sacromonte for splendid panoramic views of the Alhambra. The famous panoramic viewpoint Mirador de San Nicolas is only worthwhile in the afternoon (for photography). The whitewashed Albaicin district is worth getting lost in. There is a UNESCO WHS marker next to the Vega river and 2 UNESCO WHS inscription plaques: one near the Alhambra ticket office and another near Alhambra's Puerta del Vino.

Although the Alhambra is a magnet for tourist groups, the gardens can easily take countless groups without feeling to overcrowded. If you want to go on a splurge you can also opt for a stay at the Parador San Francisco which is inside the Alhambra!

The Alcazaba is worth visiting in the morning for the magnificent views of the Albaicin and Sacromonte districts from Torre del Homenaje, Torre del Cubo and Torre de las Armas. The former tower views are the best as they are the closest to the Nasrid Palace. The Partal balcony plasterwork is worth taking in as well as the 14th century steam baths (hammas) of the Alhambra. The incredible patio of the Renaissance Palacio de Carlos V was a pleasant surprise among the exquisite Moorish architecture and the Alhambra museum inside is worth visiting.

At around 13:20 I decided to queue for the 14:00 entrance to the Nasrid Palace and Gardens. This meant that I was the first one to enter at the alotted time slot and I headed straight to the Patio de los Arrayanes and the Patio de los Leones to view them when they were least crowded. I could go back and forth from one building to the other for hours on end once inside and take in the incredible ceramic tiles, intricate plasterwork and muqarnas. It really is like a return ticket to Morocco. Another hightlight was the view from the Mirador de Lindaraja.

In the late afternoon I headed towards the Mirador de San Nicolas which was full of tourists and locals. A sweet old lady dressed in traditional clothes was selling flamenco castanets. The sunset view from here is breathtaking to say the least. However, behind the hundreds of people who gathered at the square, I caught site of the recently painted St Nicholas Bell Tower next to scaffolding covering the rest of the church. I peeked inside and a friendly local greeted me and asked whether I would like to see sunset from the bell tower for a small donation for the church restoration project which should be ready by 2018.

I closed the gate behind me and after climbing just a few stairs, I had an even more spectacular view all to myself: the Generalife, the Alhambra with the Sierra Nevada in the background, Granada with the Albaicin and Sacromonte districts, the Vega and the Valley of Valparaiso - all in one view (photo). Granada didn't disappoint and for me it surely deserves to be among the top 200 WHS on the list.


Hubert

Austria - 19-Feb-17 -

Granada by hubert

The view to the Alhambra from the Mirador de San Nicolas provides an impression of the size of the palace complex, the massive walls and towers appear austere and powerful, nothing indicates that the interior houses a gem of Moorish architecture. And even when you stand in front of the entrance gate of the Nasrid Palaces - the heart of the Alhambra - you see only an inconspicuous façade. In contrast to European palaces, a sumptuous exterior is not characteristic for Moorish architecture. But that changes fundamentally as soon as you enter the interior: abundant wall decorations, inner courtyards with fountains and water basins, coloured tiles everywhere, elegant columns, filigree stucco decorations. Unfortunately, large parts of the Nasrid Palaces were destroyed after the Reconquista, e.g. to build the Palace of Charles V.

We visited the Alhambra in September 2016 and I agree with other reviewers that booking in advance is highly recommended. You can print your pre-booked tickets at one of the ticket machines without queuing. In summer, you have to choose between morning and afternoon visit and you have to select a time slot for the Nasrid Palaces. However, it is hardly possible to avoid the crowds, there are tourists all year round, probably less in the winter, but this is not the best time for a visit, at least for the Generalife garden, beside the Nasrid Palaces the second highlight at the Alhambra.

Alhambra and Generalife are well described elsewhere, so just a few remarks on the Albayzín, the oldest quarter in Granada. The above mentioned Mirador de San Nicolas is a must (the photo shows the view to a part of the Nasrid Palaces). I recommend a visit in the evening at sunset, and though you have to share the beautiful view with hundreds of tourists, it is an unforgettable experience. I liked the narrow streets and white-painted houses of the Albayzín. One gets lost inevitably, but that does not matter, sooner or later you will find the way downhill to the Carrera del Darro or the Plaza Nueva. There are several buildings that can be visited, the tourist information offers a combined ticket and a map with the locations. We visited three sites: the Banuelo (larger and more interesting than the baths of the Alhambra) and two palaces, the Casas del Chapiz with a beautiful garden and nice views to the Alhambra and the Palacio de Dar al-Horra. Unusual for Andalusia, these sites are opened all day without a siesta break.

For the evening, I recommend the restaurants and bars at the Plaza Aliatar or Plaza Larga, which are also popular with locals, or along the Carrera del Darro. Our favourite tapas bar was La Gran Taberna at Plaza Nueva, a traditional tapas bar open until late at night and perfect for a last drink.


Tony H.

Finland - 04-Jul-10 -

I think that everything is said about this site. You should definitely book tickets to Alhambra in advance. When I visited this site in June it was +36 Celsius and people waiting in a long queue. Not nice. I took my booked tickets easily from ticket machines. Area was beautiful and views to the city were amazing. Sad thing was that the Court of the Lions was still in construction. Good thing was that there were many drinking fountains in the area. And the area of Albayzin is definetely worth of visit.


John booth

New Zealand - 30-Mar-10 -

Granada by John Booth

Having visited the Alhambra and the Genaralife previously (50 years earlier), this time I spent more time in the Albayzin. I took one of the little buses (#31 & 34) that wind through the narrow streets from the Plaza Nuevo take you to delightful little squares and streets beside the Darro river. Stopped in the Plaza San Nicolas for al freso lunch while listeneng to a live concert and overlooking the Alhambra and the Sierra Nevada.

Visiting in early June I was fortunate to get access to the Palacios Nazarias within two hours of buying my Alhambra ticket at 08.30, so had the rest of the day to wander through the gardens afterwards.


Stewart ayukawa

canada - 14-Mar-09 -

This is my fourth visit to the Alhambra complex and it remains magnificent and timeless. The gardens in combination with the chambers and courts invite spiritual awareness. The Albaycin is a pleasant reminder of the Moors and the views from there of the Alhambra and the Sierra Nevada behind are stunning. Of historical significance included Ferdinand and Isabel's defeat of the Moorish King , Boabdil , completing a big chapter in history.


Els Slots

The Netherlands - 03-Mar-08 -

Granada by Els Slots

This must be one of the most popular WHS in Europe. Even on an early Monday morning in March there were long lines of visitors when I arrived at 8.30. I had to queue with about 300 other people that had been so foolish not to pre-book a ticket. Announcements told us that only 150 tickets were left for the morning, and 750 for the afternoon. When I finally, at 10.10, got my ticket it was for an afternoon visit and with a 16.00-16.30 time slot to enter the Palaces of the Nazarenes.

In hindsight, I was quite happy starting my visit in the afternoon. The sun had warmed up the earth and I could walk around in a short-sleeve shirt and sit outside. The Alhambra complex (castle, palaces) and the Generalife occupy a large area. I had been here before (1991), but I do not remember a thing about that visit. This time I started my tour at the gardens of the Generalife, with its Mediterranean plants and trees and pools.

At the entrance gates for the Nazarene Palaces, we had to queue again, and I found myself just behind the same Austrian couple as this morning when we were buying our tickets. Getting inside is pretty organized though: they let in small groups about every five minutes, so it doesn't feel too crowded. In about every room there are elaborate carvings and mosaics to be admired. Unfortunately, the Court of the Lions is under construction at the moment and its celebrated Fountain of Lions has been taken away for restoration.

After the palaces I strolled around the Alhambra complex once more, visiting the Alcazaba, enjoying the sun, and finally walking back to Granada's city center for dinner in the Albayzin quarter.


Louise

GB/Australia - 20-Feb-06 -

Gorgeous, absolutely fantastic and I recommend everyone should visit at least once in their life.

The easiest way to get there is to catch the shuttle bus from Plaza Nueva up the hill - then walk back down at the end of the day.

Can't wait to go back again.


A. O`Riordan

US - 07-Jul-05 -

Absolutely breath taking, the building itself is dreamlike and condusive to fantasies and daydreams. It would be a fantastic place to go with a loved one because of its romantic nature. The garden is amazing, especially when I went as most the flowers were in bloom (It was about June if I recall correctly). Nearby, you there are shops and artist studios where you can learn how the beautiful inlays that are typical of Moorish architecture are made, making you appreciate the beauty all the more.


Adrian Lakomy

Slovakia -

Granada by Adrian Lakomy

Site consists from there different places.

Albayzin is a white painted jewish quarter on a steep hill. I really enjoyed walking through those narrow streets and at the end to enjoy the best view on Alhambra from San Nicolas.

Generalife are beautiful gardens on the main castle hill representing eden with a lot of flowers and waster. I enjoyed a small nap on a bench and after waking up I really felt like in eden :)

Alhambra itself is complex of military (Alcazaba) and secular palaces. Most important for visit is Nasrid Palaces with its Mudejar architecture. It has very similar decorations as Alcazar in Seville but somehow nicer.

To get inside is quite a problem as tickets are very difficult to get in summer season. Please book with advance via http://www.servicaixa.com or you will be frustrated.

The town of Granada I didn't like very much. It was just an ordinary Andalusian town. I recommend to visit Capilla Real where spanish rulers Isabela and Ferdinand are buried.

Pic: Alhambra from San Nicolas with Sierra Nevada in back


Klaus Freisinger

Austria -

The Alhambra of Granada is a true work of art and reminiscent of a time in history few people know about - when Arabs ruled much of Europe. I have been there twice, and while my first visit in 1996 was just a quick day trip from the Costa del Sol, in 2013 I made sure to invest some time and effort to really see it all. The main palace is a breathtakingly beautiful place, and the Generalife Gardens and the Alcazaba Fortress are very impressive as well. You can easily spend a whole day in the complex, but after a while it will get exhausting. As mentioned elsewhere, advance reservations are highly recommended. The rest of Granada is quite interesting as well, including the Albayzín quarter with the Arab baths and the stunning San Nicol's viewpoint overlooking the Alhambra, and the Sacromonte district with its cave dwellings. The city centre features a very large Renaissance cathedral and the adjoining chapel containing the tombs of King Ferdinand of Aragon and Queen Isabel of Castile, whose marriage in 1469 paved the way for the ouster of the Arabs from Europe, a united Spain, and the conquest of the New World.


Site Info

Full Name
Alhambra, Generalife and Albayzin, Granada
Unesco ID
314
Country
Spain
Inscribed
1984
Type
Cultural
Criteria
1 3 4
Categories
Urban landscape - Medieval European
Link
By ID

Site History

1994 Extended

Albayazin quarter added

1984 Inscribed

Locations

The site has 2 locations

Granada: Alhambra & the Generalife Spain
Granada: El Albayzín

Connections

The site has

Architecture
Constructions
History
Human Activity
Individual People
Religion and Belief
Science and Technology
Timeline
Trivia
Visiting conditions
WHS Hotspots
WHS on Other Lists
World Heritage Process

Visitors

Community Members have visited.

4matcha A. Mehmet Haksever A.thum AGrego ALS AYB Aalberty Adam@rainoff.com Adolfo Adrian Lakomy Adrian Turtschi Afshin Iranpour Aidan Coohill Aj.daamen Ajmoya Albarbella Alberto Rodriguez Gutierrez Alessandro Votta Alex Alexander Barabanov Alexander Lehmann Alexander Parsons Alfons and Riki Verstraeten Ali Zingstra Alicemears Alliosoncita La unica Peruchita Altacyr Alvaro1404 Amy Tull Ana Lozano Andrea & Uwe Zimmermann AndreaTLV Andreas Thum AndreasThum Angel Ying Liu AniaCh Anja Anna Wludarska Ansitong Antonio J. Argo Artur Anuszewski Aspasia Assif Astraftis Atila Ege Atuzhikova Aurora Petan AustralLights Awkwardkeychanged Bamse Bas Bgbaum Bin Binemitz1983 Bob Parda Bodil Ankerly Boroka Szamosi Bosswench Bram Cleaver Bram de Bruin Brendan Carroll Brigitte Huber Byronb Carlo Medina Carlo.bergonzini Carlos Caminando Carlos Garrido Carlos Sotelo Caroleannwhittle@aol.com Caspar Dechmann Catalina Belso Catchant Cgrannem CharlieN Chen Taotao ChenMing Chenboada Chessjsr Chlossow Chris Law Chris Lee Chrissiequirk272@gmail.com Christian Wagner Christine Schmit Claire Bradshaw Claire Whiteley ClaireWhiteley Cluckily Clyde Col Comensal Coppi Corinne Vail Cosaflora Coulpete Craig Harder Cristina Erba Ctravel D.dedisse@vogo.fr DMORMAR Dan Pettigrew DanVoyageur Dani Cyr Daniel C-Hazard Daniela Hohmann Dave wood David Aaronson & Melanie Stowell David Berlanda David Marton David Pastor de la Orden Davied Ddefilipi Debatecoach Debfc Dennis Nicklaus Devenyi Dgjohansson Dibro Diggy Digits Dimitar Krastev Dimitrios Polychronopoulos Djpatten Dkabanov Dn1206 Don Irwin Donald M Parrish Jr Donia Dorejd Doubanjiang Doug Robertson Drazsika Dutchbirder Dutchnick Dwight Zehuan Xiao E.Xaus Eanna81 Echwel Elaine Ganderton Elaine McArdle Eleonora Elia Vettorato Els Els Slots EngelMef Enid MC Enrico Cerrini Enrique Clemente Eric Lurio Eric PK Esther Westerveld Eternalarrival Eva Kisgyorgy Eva Rooks Evajuk FGKJR1492X FK FS F_Teno Faekah Gohar Fan Yibo Fanguo Farikica Farinelli Fderuet Feldhase Femke Roos Fernweh Feudikbenson Filip Murlak Fmannucci Forest80 Frankwsolak Frederik Dawson G.L. Ingraham Gary Arndt Geert Luiken Geo George Evangelou George Gdanski Gernot Gewo Gi Gianni Bianchini Gile363 Gill Colman Gilles Giulio25 Glendaviste Glubu Gonca Gonçalo Elias Grimloch Grzegorz Andruszkiewicz Hadas Midbari Hadrianus Haining Guan Handballrama Harald T. HaraldOest Harry Mitsidis Hazyhazyhazy Hft Homadism Howard Howard Brayer Hsjamsil Hubert Hyoga I&W Rohde IC I_See_by_the_Web Iain Jackson Ian Cade Ian Coldwell Ibonez IgnacioM Ilya Burlak Inigo Cia Iriss Itahue Ivan Ivan Rucek Iwilliams Izzet Ege J Mitchell JBTOR JGirlJGirl Jacob Otten Jaehyeon Jay Park Jagnes Jakob Frenzel Janameerman Janis Janmoch Jasam Jasm Jason and Corrinna Javier Coro Jaynew Jdewilde Jduffhue Jean Lecaillon Jeanne OGrady Jgera Jo Geris JoStof Joachim Nölte-Baumann Joao Farminhao JobStopar Jochem Taanman Joel Baldwin John Westray John booth Johnson Zhao Jon Bauer Jon Eshuijs Jonas Hagung Jonas Kremer Jonathanfr Jos Schmitz Jos? Segura Jose Jose Antonio Collar Josef Mikus Joyce van Soest João Aender Judit Dalla Judith Tanner JudyWalsh Julianna Lees Julirose Gonzales Jun Zhou Junwang111 Juropa Jwflorida Jörg B. KAO Kalattime Kasia Kasienka5 Kayakka Kbecq Kbtwhs Keith90245 Kelly Henry KentishTownRocks Kenzaseb Keqi Kevin Padley-Knight Kevin247 Kgeographer Kjdavis Kjlauer Kjlchiang Kkralich Klara Woodson Klaus Bondar Klaus Freisinger Koen Vliegenthart Krangalang Kriegerfamilymn@gmail.com Krijn Kris Umlauf Krisztina zill Krzysztof B Ktisgodzilla Ktwosef Kurt Lauer Kutasp LKERPS La caperucita roja LaVale Lameduck99 Lara Adler Larry F Lars Jensen Lauren Leontine Helleman Leslieisthebest Lidb93 Lidiane Lindaann Lindsay Hasluck Lisa Ross Liverpool1023 Lloyd Cross Loic Pedras Lois Dekker Longdutch Longo.ilaria Loratodorova Lorenzo Mejino Lubos Lucia Lucio Gorla Ludvan Luis Filipe Gaspar Luisfreire Lukas_PV Lukasz Palczewski Luki501 M. Huineman de la Cuadra MAURO PODDA MH MHL MMM MaYumin Maciej Gowin Majkl20 Maki Wang Malgorzata Kopczynska Maria Mariaana Nelimarkka Mariam Marie Morlon Mariska Markus Marry122 Marta Lempert Marthalfreeman Martin Richardson Martina Librio Martina Ruckova Martinacurra88 Marton Kemeny Matejicek Mateusz Mathieu Matthewsharris MaxHeAnouBen Maxine Eisenberg Mdnichol Melinda Baumann Melissa Harder Mepilokisazt Michael Novins Michael Rohde Michal Kozok Michele Armstrong Michelle.has.murphy Michiel Dekker Mihai Mikal Ahmet Mike Mikek Mikko Milan Jirasek Miriam laschever Misio_pysio Misswanderlust Mistysmoke MoPython Monchan5396 Monika and Rini Moreworld2c Morodhi Mtlmr NCosta Nadia Balduccio Naim Y Nan Naveed Panjwani Nej153 Niall Sclater Nihal Ege Nikolamus Nils Kronenberg Ninalr Nmocosta Nmocosta79 Nolan B. Nomad99 NonDuality Odolena Okke Oliver.pluemper Olivier MONGIN Olli-Pekka Turunen Omnisppot OnlyTheSnake Out4astroll Ovalarezo PJ PabloNorte Paczeterson Paola Laura Paolosan82 Parrot Pascal Cauliez Pasha Globus Patphilly Patricia Schiller Patricia Schwindt Patricia1972 Patrick Matgen Patrik Patty Verhoeven Paul Schofield Paw90 Payen de La Garanderie Isabelle Peltzi Peter Day Peter Lööv PeterH Peterhorst6974 Petersona Petteri Philip T.K. Philipp Leu Philipp Peterer Pierre T Pietprive06@kpnmail.nl Pigeonpost Pillaus Polyommatus_icarus Preiki Pressdm Pumpkinelf Purrfect Qqalexqq Rae25 Ralf Regele Randi Thomsen Ray matlock Reisedachs Reza Richard Stone Richardleesa RobRos Roberto Diaz Robin Frank Roger Ourset Rom Roman Koeln Roman Raab Ryan09sb SHIHE HUANG Sabrina Liebehentschel Sachin Salla Samy Sandersx2 Saru Scubarrie Seadie Serimari Shaka_schulz Shandos Cleaver Shijie ZHU Shyeen Sibariam Simmot2019Z Simonh Sjmakredes17 Socon Solivagant Solivagant Cuban Stanimir Stanislaw Warwas SteO153 Stefan and Mia Stephanv Stephanvermeulen Stephen Brooker Stephen S. Kamin Stetrab Stewie Strogan SueA Sun_jianyuan@me.com Susan Stair Sutul Suzanne Suzy OBrien Svein Elias Svermeulen Szucs Tamas Tamara Ratz Tammy Gouldstone Tangopium Tarquinio_Superbo Tatiana Nikulnikova Tcchang0825 Ted Coombs The Salmons Thibault Magnien Thijs van den Berg Thomas Buechler Thomas Harold Watson Thomas van der Walt Thorben TimAllen TimPick Timothy C Easton Timothyyy Tischae Tkinou Tlaloc Tom Flaten Tommasorossotti Tonioto Tonisan Tony H. Tony0001 Torkjell Djupedal Toya HornHoward Tracy Harder Travel Addicts TravelPeter84 Traveling Girl Trevni Truls Brekke Tsunami V&M Valeron4ever Van Hung Vanjavod Veelineen Veronica Vicente B. Avanzado Jr. Victoria | Bridges and Balloons Vidiot Virp Vlad Lesnikov Vladimir Volker1972 Voyager WHS Lux WILLIAM RICH Wait About Walter Walter H. Wang Qin Watkinstravel Werksoltan Werner Huber Wieland Willc1515 Willem van Altena Wj1997yi Wolfgang Hlousa Wolfgang Sander WolfgangHl Wouter Wtrentfox Xiong Wei Xiquinho Silva Yellowjohn Yorch Zen Zeng Zhenjun Liu Zoë Sheng Zsuzsanna Forray _johsch_