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World Heritage Site

for World Heritage Travellers


Photo provided by Bram de Bruin

Sanganeb Marine National Park and Dungonab Bay - Mukkawar Island Marine National Park are two pristine marine ecosystems in the Red Sea.

The 2 geographically separated locations around a coral reef are known as excellent diving sites.

Huge schools of manta rays and sharks make common appearances in these waters. Furthermore, Dungonab Bay has a healthy dugong population.

Map of Sanganeb


  • Natural

Community Reviews

Bram de Bruin Netherlands - 27-Jul-16

Sanganeb by Bram de Bruin

I visited this site in 2009 as part of a 2 week diving trip in Sudan on board the Royal Evolution. I won this expensive trip with a website contest.

We did 3 or 4 dives a day for 2 weeks! We got our visa in Port Sudan. From there we visited all the magnificent diving sites of Sudan. At Sanganeb reef we visited the lighthouse and had a chat with the guy who works there. After the visit we stayed 2 days at Sanganeb Reef and did several dives at Sanganeb North and Sanganeb South. Everything you can imagine under water was there!

I dived on many nice places in the world but diving at Sanganeb and the rest of Sudan was really amazing and unforgettable!!

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Site Info

Full name: Sanganeb Marine National Park and Dungonab Bay - Mukkawar Island Marine National Park

Unesco ID: 262

Inscribed: 2016

Type: Natural

Criteria: 7   9   10  

Link: By Name By ID

Site History

  • 2016 - Inscribed 
  • 2015 - Referred 
  • 2014 - Incomplete - not examined 
  • 1983 - Deferred Bureau session: Deferred until receipt of necessary info


The site has 2 locations.

  • Sanganeb: Dungonab Bay-Mukkawar Island Marine National Park
  • Sanganeb: Sanganeb Marine National Park (SMNP)


The site has 17 connections.


  • Lighthouses: The lighthouse at Sanganeb Atoll is a historic building and is an important part of Sudan’s maritime heritage. Construction of the modern lighthouse was started in 1950, but there was a structure present at this site from at least 1907. See  Link



Individual People


  • Holocene: the coral reefs we see along the Red Sea today are primarily Holocene

World Heritage Process


1 community members have visited Sanganeb.