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World Heritage Site

for World Heritage Travellers


Photo provided by Paul Tanner

The Cultural Landscape of Southern Jerusalem, Battir is a series of agricultural valleys with stone terraces.

The villagers of Battir use a traditional method of agriculture, focused on olives, vines and fruit. Their ancestors built an unique irrigation system that utilizes man-made terraces with dry-stone walls. Battir's eight main clans take turns each day to water the village's crops.

The town of Battir lies in the West Bank, south of Jerusalem. This is the first part of a serial nomination named "Palestine: Land of Olives and Vines".

Map of Battir


  • Cultural

Community Reviews

Wojciech Fedoruk Poland 30-Dec-15

Battir is a small village in Palestine, easily available with a short drive from Bethlehem. Battir is known from its stone terraces, which were (and currently are) used for planting olive, vine, vegetables and fruits. When I told the taxi driver that I wanted to visit Battir he said that for him the popularity of this place among foreign tourists seemed strange, as for Palestinians this is just an ordinary village. I suspect the main reason tourists want to visit Battir is its World Heritage status, because indeed the place is not an attractive spot. This type of stone terraces is very popular in Mediterranean region and nobody claims that those other places have an outstanding universal value. Nonetheless, visiting Battir was not a complete waste of time, as we could see that very traditional farming methods are still practiced nowadays. The landscape of Battir area is also quite nice. Still, I would not recommend Battir for tourists that are not strong WHS fans as this was for me the least attractive WHS one in Israel/Palestine.

Clyde Malta 22-Jun-14

Battir by Clyde

I visited this newly inscribed WHS in April 2009. The terraced landscape full of olive trees is the main highlight I remember appreciating from this site, although I would never have imagined that this site would become a WHS. In my opinion it has no OUV and it isn't different or better than many Mediterranean rural areas or countryside with the same landscape or irrigation methods.

Walter Switzerland 04-May-14

Battir by Walter

My visit to Battir took place in June 2013. At that time, the boundaries of site were unclear. (now available at // So I went around a bit by chance.

I took bus 21 from Jerusalem to Bethlehem (Bet Jala). A first glimpse at the site happens right after the two tunnels under Bet Jala. There, on the right of the road, lies the main core zone, with a very nice valley bordered with terraces and olive trees. A better glimpse appears as the bus turns back toward Bethlehem.

After leaving the bus, I hired a taxi to get to Battir. It is a 10 minutes drive.

There is a also a bus from Bethlehem, leaving from Cinema Plaza, to the village of Battir.

At the center of Battir village lies the the Ain Al-Balad source. It was a very warm day, and children and teenagers were playing in the water. It is part of the core area, the village itself being in the buffer zone.

Below the source lies the ancient roman pool. From there, several hiking path lead to the westren part of the core area (I lacked time to hike there).

After the village, the road continues into the eastern valley, with plenty of very nice views on the agricultural terraces made of dry stones and the olive trees.

Battir is an pleasant and easy side trip from Bethlehem. You can spend an hour (like I did) but also hike around for a full day.

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Community Rating

Community Rating 1.06. Based on 8 votes.

Site Info

Full name: Palestine: Land of Olives and Vines - Cultural Landscape of Southern Jerusalem, Battir

Unesco ID: 1492

Inscribed: 2014 In Danger

Type: Cultural

Criteria: 4   5  

Link: By Name By ID

Site History

  • 2014 - Inscribed 
  • 2014 - Advisory Body overruled ICOMOS was against an Emergency Nomination
  • 2014 - In Danger As consequence of the Emergency Nomination: construction of a separation Wall


The site has 2 locations.

  • Battir: Area 1
  • Battir: Area 2


The site has 16 connections.




Human Activity


  • Built in the 2nd Millennium BC: The village of Battir, which developed on the outskirts of this cultural landscape, and was inhabited by farmers who worked and still work the land, attests to the sustainability of this system and to its continuation for the past 4,000 years (Nom File).


WHS on Other Lists

World Heritage Process