Baptism Site "Bethany Beyond the Jordan"
The Baptism Site "Bethany Beyond the Jordan" (Al-Maghtas) is a Christian pilgrimage site commemorating the location where Jesus of Nazareth was baptised by John the Baptist.
It also represents the Christian tradition of Baptism. The site is located on the eastern banks of the Jordan river, and comprises two locations: Tell el-Kharrar (Elijah’s Hill) and the Zor area of the Churches of St. John the Baptist.
Map of Baptism Site "Bethany Beyond the Jordan"Load map
Visited October 2017
Reading the previous reviews from Bethany beyond the Jordan, I had an impression that most of the visitors are seeing only one component of the inscribed site – the area of the churches of Saint John the Baptist which is located close to the Jordan river and the river bank itself. It is maybe because this is the place where most of the tours from the visitors’ information booth are taken. And you must be a part of the tour, ‘cos this site is located straight at the border with Israel – while at the Jordan bank you can see pilgrims on the other side of river just 20 metres from you at Kasr al-Jahud. (It is kind of a ceremony as many people are coming to the Israeli side, where the infrastructure is very well prepared and organized to host pilgrims willing to be baptized or to ‘take’ the second baptism, they enter the shallow and dirty water, all wearing white, singing and praying; it has a look and feel of something special… In a meantime on the Jordanian side – not a lot of pilgrims and they are not allowed to immerse themselves, so they just pour some drops on their heads while standing in the water very close to the platform.)
On the way to the site we were passing by new churches and monasteries being built by different Christian denominations, and then we spent around one hour at this component. Our guide told us about the history and importance of that site to Christians, showed the place where Jesus was baptised (although we cannot be sure that this happened exactly at this specific site), explained what we can see looking at the remains of two churches and took us to the river. And after that, including the compulsory visit to the gift shop, he said it was time to go back… And I still wanted to see the second archaeological component, Jabal Mar Elias with the caves, baptism pools, remains of Roman baths and Byzantine churches I have read before this visit. He was not too happy to hear that and explained that regular tours looked like ours and to see more we should arrange everything before coming. But seeing me very intent, he made a call, and said that first we have to come back to the starting point to leave other tourists, and then if we had our own car we could visit the rest of the inscribed property in it, and with him as a guide of course. Before leaving he pointed me the way to the caves which are located just few hundred meters from John the Baptist churches. You cannot get into any of these caves at the moment, but at least you can see them located in the face of the rock.
During the second part of the tour, in our rented car, we went to Jabal Mar Elias. The site is not big but gives a very good perspective of the area. The first thing that you notice is the big arch, built on the foundations of a Byzantine church before the visit of pope John Paul II. Then you will see the cave of saint John the Baptist, called a lower church, the upper church from Byzantine period with some still visible mosaics, the remains of the Roman bath and remains of three of baptism pools (on of them on the photo). We wondered around for more than one hour and our guide became so glad that he could share his knowledge with somebody more interested in this site than other tourists. He even gave us a short lecture about the evolution of early Christian architecture and geology of Jordan Valley and long gone Wadi Kharrar where most of the hermit caves are located.
As this is one of the lowest place on Earth, it is very hot and no shadow. Take some water, because you’ll be thirsty…
This may be a bit of an overly harsh rating for a site that I have no reason to hate, but we're talking about WHS here, and I personally don't see much OUV in this site. First off, I'm a Christian, and Bethany Beyond the Jordan was definitely one of my priorities to visit when I was in Jordan in May 2018. It's a special site for us Christians, as it's the true proven site of the baptism of Jesus himself. According to UNESCO's website, its OUV lies in its legacy of baptism, which can clearly be seen in the many pilgrims having their own baptisms in this part of the Jordan River. I had a short visit of the river itself, a Greek Orthodox church nearby, and the remains of the baptism site of Jesus' time, and I can't say it wasn't pleasant or enjoyable. Actually, I had 2 really great experiences here: seeing the pilgrims bathing on opposite sides of the river/border, and of course, seeing the actual spot where Jesus was baptized, which is quite far from today's river. The only reason for my low rating is that I just couldn't see the OUV here. I mean, how is baptism as a sacrament any different from the other 6 sacraments of the Catholic Church? How does this site hold OUV unlike the rest of the Holy Land? Yes, the ruins here are well-preserved and well-presented, but so are many others across the Holy Land. It's not like the ruins here are significantly impressive in their own right. And I am well aware of Christianity being overrepresented on the WHS List. This isn't on the level of places like Jerusalem or Bethlehem, both in terms of religious significance and value as a site today. The churches of many denominations here don't hold value as historic pilgrimage sites either. They're all fairly new. Overall, it's a site of great value for us, but I don't think it's of great value to the world as a whole. We haven't even inscribed the holiest sites of Islam, Hinduism, Shintoism, or Druze religions, so why inscribe another Christian holy site whose remains don't demonstrate anything worldly outstanding? This is why I simply don't see the OUV of this site.
Note: This is probably the lowest elevation of any WHS on land, not far upstream from the Dead Sea. Due to this, the heat here can be especially draining if visiting in the hotter months.
Visited April, 2017
Interesting site. My guide provided a good explanation about why this site is considered the baptism site (archaeology dating from the first centuries after Jesus's death).
You're required to go on a tour with the visitor's center. There's a short walk to the actual site.
I saw the Jordan River, the baptism site, the new Orthodox church, and the gift shop. There were many religious groups there to celebrate and baptize each other.
Read more from History Fangirl here.
The Baptism Site at Bethany Beyond the Jordan (Al-Maghtas in Arabic), where Jesus was baptized by John the Baptist, has quite an extensive biblical history. Tradition has held this location as the site where the Israelites first crossed the Jordan River to enter the Promised Land, as well as the site where the prophet Elijah was taken into heaven in a chariot of fire (commemorated in the song "Swing Low, Sweet Chariot"). But it is because of its history as the baptism site of Jesus that pilgrims have made their way to Al-Maghtas, as well as to Qasr el Yahud, on the Israeli-occupied west bank of the Jordan. When I visited Jordan in March 2015, I was aware Al-Maghtas was on Jordan's tentative list to be voted on at that year's session of the World Heritage Committee, so I made a point to go there. As others have noted, a visit requires an official tour, where visitors and pilgrims are taken by bus to see the excavated site. A further walk leads to the muddy Jordan River, where pilgrims across the border were being baptized. Although I enjoyed my visit from a biblical and historical perspective, I wasn't confident there was enough OUV for the site to be inscribed. I'm glad it was, though, and I hope one day politics allows an extension for Qasr el Yahud.
Logistics: The Baptism Site is not far from the Dead Sea or from the city of Madaba, but requires private transportation. All visitors must sign up for a guided tour at the entrance to the site.
This site I visited before it was a UNESCO Site. I thought of it as a minor site, because i'm not really religious but it's quite nice to see! I thought to just quickly drive by, see it, and go onwards: NOPE not going to happen.
YOu have to take a tour, and this takes time. I probably spend 2 hours on the site? No way to go back earlier. This is done because it's in military zone.
The place was actually drive. but nice covered with the remains to see. The nearby jordan river you could take a bath if you wanted. Quite some military when i visited (end 2014).
Read more from Chris here.
I visited Bethany beyond the Jordan with a tour guide when travelling from the Dead Sea towards Israel and Palestine in . It was interesting to visit especially if you're a religious person. Crossing the border to Israel was like entering a war zone. Heavily armed military personnel searched each and every vehicle and used mirrors to inspect beneath every car or coach for explosives. All in all, I fail to see the OUV of this site as it doesn't contribute much. It is just one of the various Catholic sites spread around Egypt, Jordan, Israel and Palestine.
Against my own expectations and contrary to some bad reviews of the "experience" on the internet, I quite liked my visit to Bethany beyond the Jordan. I am not a religious person so I did not feel anything special about walking here in the footsteps of Jesus. Neither did the people who were part of my instant tour group (access is restricted to a guided tour because you're right at the border).
We were all a little bemused about the muddy creek that once was the mighty river Jordan. We looked down into the actual site where Jesus was baptized, a spot that hasn't held any water for ages (see photo). We kept our eyes on the various churches and monasteries that have been built here by different Christian groups. Some of them are very recent. It reminded me of Lumbini, where a simple place of memory (birthplace of Gautama Buddha) now is turned into a large complex of temples and monasteries of all Buddhist denominations.
The highlight without a doubt is the "confrontation" with the other side - at an about 3m wide stretch of the river, we ended up face to face with tourists and pilgrims that are doing the same trip, but then on the Israeli side of the border.
I visited this TL site on a rainy morning in November. They is no bus. I had a car, it is well signe-posted on the Amman-Dead Sea highway, about 10 km from the Dead Sea Resort hotels.
Because it lies on the border with Israel-occupied land, you need to go on a guided tour.
Price is 12 JOD (abour 15 $). Included is an audio guide in several languages. Then we boarded a bus that drived us past the hill where prophet Elijah ascended to heaven in a chariots of fire (there is not much to see and they didn't let us leave the bus).
Then we were left off on a 1 km trails that leaded us to the Jordan River. It was 50 m wide 50 year ago. It is now a 2 m wide mudy small stream. It also marks the border.
Then is the remains of several churches and the site where Jesus is supposed to have been baptized. It lies on a dry branch on the Jordan river.
Then we got a bit furher near a (modern) russian orthodox church, and then to a place where we could go down to the river itself. Just across the river, is the Israeli equivalent tourist facilities. It seemed a bit strange to visit a small stream, with Jordan and Israeli (relaxed) soldiers facing each other and looking over us.
For those who want it, you can actually immerge yourself in the river.
The place is probable very important on a religious point of view, but I am skeptical about its OUV. It makes a good visit for a rainy morning near the dead sea.
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2014 Incomplete - not examined
Baptism Site "Bethany Beyond the Jordan" (Al-Maghtas)
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