The Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties are examples of funerary architecture built on the principles of feng shui.
The Ming Tombs comprise two distinct burial sites: Xiaoling Tomb of the First Emperor and the tombs of 13 other emperors of the Ming Dynasty. Xiaoling Tomb lies in Nanjing, the others at the foot of Tianshou Mountain, north of Beijing.
Furthermore: the Xianling mausoleum of the Ming dynasty (near Zhongxiang), the western Qing tombs, and the eastern Qing tombs (120km east of Beijing).
The Qing Tombs are located in northeastern China. They comprise three tombs in Shengjing: Yongling Tomb, Fuling Tomb, and Zhaoling Tomb.
Map of Imperial TombsLoad map
Ming Xian Ling in Zhongxiang, Jingmen Hubei visited, 15 Sep 2019)
Zhongxiang, a small town in the middle of Hubei very much far away from any imperial capital of China, is the oddest of locations for inscribed Imperial Tombs. Here lies a testimony of an emperor’s filial piety. Interred here are Prince Xiang of Wang, Zhu Yuyuan, and his wife.
Zhu Yuyuan’s position was unique amongst the Chinese royal lineage as he was a son, a brother and a father of emperors without being (officially) an emperor himself. His brother ascended to the throne upon the death of their father. Unlike other monarchs, his brother only had 1 wife with no other consorts and only had 2 sons, one died at infancy and the other succeeded him upon his death. Unfortunately, Zhu Yuyuan’s nephew died without an heir, creating a void on the succession line. Zhu Yuyuan’s son, the heir presumptive, unexpectedly became the Emperor Jiajing at age 14 - this happened 2 years after Zhu Yuyuan’s death.
In China’s succession custom, an emperor who was not a direct descendant of the previous one should be adopted by his predecessor to maintain an unbroken line. Jiajing Emperor defied this, known as the “Great Rites Controversy”, silenced his critics and posthumously elevated his father, Zhu Yuyuan, into an emperor and his mother, who was still living at that time, into an empress.
The imperial mausolea of Ming Xian Ling, in Zhongxiang - the fiefdom of Zhu Yuyuan - was constructed by Jiajing Emperor for his parents. The original tomb of his father was realigned and remodeled to pattern that of the Ming Imperial Tombs in Beijing.
Ming Xian Ling is the largest single imperial tomb with an enwalled area of 450 acres. It is the best preserved and one of the five Ming Imperial Tombs with a Sacred Way of stone statues. Within the site are ponds and water channels as part of the Feng Shui and perfect backdrop for photoshoots with the gates reflecting on the water. The scared path winds like a dragon along the terrain, from the entrance of the site to the tombs. The statues on the Sacred Way, although shows the impact of weathering, provides an authentic feel that culminates to the yellow-tiled Dragon-Phoenix Gate(in photo) - symbolizing that the emperor and the empress are entombed in the area. As you go towards the imperial tumuli, you'll pass by an unrestored ruins of the Sacrificial and Administrative Halls - another unique element for this site.
I visited this site last year, two months before the pandemic started in Wuhan. Of the tombs I visited thus far (Beijing Ming Tombs, the Western Qing Tombs, the two Qing Tombs in Shenyang), Ming Xian Ling is my favorite for its authenticity and scale. This site can be visited if you are travelling back/going to Wuhan from/to Wudangshan or as a stopover on the way to Yichang for Shennongjia. Zhongxiang is connected by train or bus to Wuhan, Shiyan or Yichang. Definitely worth a visit when you are in the area.
I have been to all open parts of this WHS in last 5 years. The best of these mausoleums was Qingdongling, Hebei province, Then the Ming tombs in Beijing. The best single tomb was MingXianling in Hubei. Beijing's Ming tombs have some highlights, first was the hall of Changling, second was the underground palace of Dingling, but almost all the treasures was destroyed in Culture revolution.
I visited this WHS in October 2013. I was one of the few visitors early in the morning at the Changling Ming Tomb. The highlight of my visit was the fact that the wooden structures rafters and decorations were still in great condition. My time in Beijing was limited and so I decided to go for the first of the imperial tombs (Changling) instead of the underground imperial palace. Nearby Changling there is also the sacred way to visit at an extra cost. This WHS all in all was not too bad, however it is not Beijing's best and it will almost always be compared to the nearby Great Wall which many visit on the same day.
Like others I visited the Changling Tomb. I visited China the first time in 2006, and at the time I was not even aware of Unesco. I enjoyed my time at the tombs, while I was not rushed, I did feel there was so much more to explore.
It turned out I was right, when later I re-visited my pictures concerning the Ming Tombs, I realized I visited only one part of a huge complex of tombs. In the future I would like to make plans to visit some of the Ming Tombs around Nanjing. Particularly, after visiting so much of the Joseon tombs, it would be fascinating to explore more of the Ming sites in depth.
When I visited the Changling Tomb it was one of my first days in China, and I was pretty much "going along for the ride". I had little to do with the planning and everything was so new and interesting to me, my senses were on overdrive. It was also one of my first intertnational experiences. Now after much more experience in Asia, I would love to visit China a 3rd time and explore the country based on my own itinerary.
Read more from Kyle Magnuson here.
Well this is the best review I can give. It is based on the 15 minutes during which I was given a dull tour of a few reconstructed buildings. From speaking to other later this seems to be the general experience of visiting this complex on the combined 'Ming Tombs and Great Wall' tours offered from Beijing. I managed to see about 5 buildings and caught glimpses of some stone statues and that was about it. We spent about 5 minutes looking at some plastic food set out like a royal feast, there was a dummy of an Emperor then we were whisked out. I later found out this was the Changling tomb which seems to be the highlight of the area.
Our tour guide seemed genuinely miffed that we wanted to see some more, and did sincerely seem to believe that we would spend our time better in the Pearl factory, Tea factory and Jade factory that took up more of the day trip than the actual sites. I know he was receiving commission at these factories but even factoring that in there was little regard shown for this site.
If you have an actual interest in this site then try to get there under your own steam rather than as a stop on a Great Wall tour. As for me, I would have liked to have seen the spirit way but I don't think I will be rushing back, as from what I have read the mediocre offerings I saw actually were the highlights. Perhaps next time I am in this area I will head to some of the other tomb clusters to get a better feel for them.
As for this trip the best I can say is that at least I have something to add to my category of 'Worst WHS visits'.
[Site 2: Experience 1]
Jiangsu Province, Nanjing. Traveled with two friends on 22nd November, 2008.
Ming Xiaoling Tombs is part of the whole Zijin Mountain scenic area. Package ticket of 140RMB per person gives access to Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum, Memorial Hall and the Ming Tombs. It is early winter, but the autumn leaves at this time are at their most brilliant.
From Shanghai, Nanjing can be a quick weekend trip.
I visited the Ming Tombs on a day tour with a Chinese group. The trip, every day available for 50 yuan at the Qianmen bus stop, also took us to the Wall at Badaling. For the tombs, we stopped at Changling and Dingling.
Changling consists of three courtyards. It's a fine place to walk around. At Dingling, also known as the Underground Palace, you can go .. underground. About seven meters below the ground there is a series of large, hollow rooms. Here the coffin of Emperor Wanli was found, together with two of his Empresses.
Because of the tour, I didn't have the opportunity to see the Great Palace Gate or the Avenue of Stone figures. My guidebooks recommend those, to see it you have to go there on your own (by taxi for example).
Most of the tourist sites in China, such as the Ming tombs have concession tickets for the elderly over 65 or 70. Some places requires you to be 65, while some requires you to be 70 in order to qualify for 50% off the adult admission rate. If I remember correctly, the Ming Tombs offer 50% off for seniors above 65. Do remember to bring along your I.D. to prove your age.
Overall, I think it was a nice place to visit, but it will get extremely crowded in the underground palace. There were many local chinese visitors and most of them were quite rude and pushy. Do beware of your personal belongings as the locals have a very bad habit of pushing their way through instead of saying "excuse me".
C H Ho
There are 3 sites combined into this heritage. I visited 1 of them at Eastern Beijing called East Qing Imperial Tombs. A famous queen who was buried here. There had a myth about her tomb. She was buried with a large gem inside her mouth. Surprisingly, her corpse was mummified. However, a tomb thief stole the gem out and her corpse was turned into bone. The story seems not scientific but it would increase your interest to visit a site.
The Ming Tomb in Nanjing, which is part of this site, is interesting but unspectacular.
The burial mound itself has not been excavated and is only of passing interesting.
Since its addition to the world heritage list the tomb's entry fee has been raised to 50 yuan. This is a rather exhorbitant figure considering the nature of the site.
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To include the Liaoning Tombs
To include the Ming Tombs in Changping District and 7 Xiaoling Tombs
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